Archive for November, 2018


 

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“The Fall of Light” Chapter 8:

“Arc-Light From Atop” 

By 
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq. 
http://blackauthorsconnect.com/content/338151/the-fall-of-light-chapter-8-arc-light-from-atop 

Chapter 8: “ArchLight From Below” 
‘Stroudesburg,’ ‘Tannersville,’ ‘Jim Thorppe,’ ‘Big Boulder.’ ‘Big Bear,’ and ‘Still Water;’ “Mount Pocono” 

On the way out of town, it was just as ‘G’ and the mountain guys said, there was nothing. And yeah, we were able to get scraps from the farmland region along the way up North, into the Pocono’s. 

We weren’t the only ones, it seemed, headed in this direction. We did see and come across many who have had the hind-sight to get the fuck out of Philly while they could. The farmland fields up from “Old Stenton Road,” paralleling “Germantown Pike” had been littered with debris while the crops all along the way had been picked clean. The five of us weren’t really comfortable in the cab of the truck, albeit, a ‘Ford F-150 Crew-Cab.‘ We had to take turns in our seating arrangement(s). We were not very small individuals. ‘G’ was larger than Me and Russell. The two mountain boys, “Arch” and “Sandy” were even bigger than him. When we slept, we utilized the bed of the truck, the backseat, and the undercarriage with sleeping bags, heavy blankets, and such…

We were able to gather some grain and corn from a couple of the farms along the way. The houses had been ransacked and devoid of sustenance. The furnishings, what was left, was all but destroyed and tossed about the rooms. Windows had been smashed along with mirrors, pictures, and other household goods. Many of the families had vacated the region for higher and safer grounds. They had been beseiged by vandals and attackers who raided their properties in search of food and supplies due to the unavailable resources within the city. The hapless farmers were preyed upon by roving bands of scavengers who cared not for anyone but themselves, in the name of “self-preservation.” They invaded their homes, stole everything in sight, confiscated animals, and if they had young daughters…the violent gangs took them too. Many of the farmers and their families fought back against this form of terrorism with weapons of their own, from shot-guns and pistols to sickles, hammers, swords, and axes. The successful ones remained on site, on constant guard against invaders of any kind; man or beast.

There were also those kindly farmers who took people in temporarily… They offered overnight shelter and whatever they had to eat to displaced travelers escaping the death and horror of the invaded urban regions; the conquered city of Philadelphia and surrounding area. Hunting in the vicinity was sparse as the wild animals who roamed freely; deer, birds, etc., evacuated in great numbers to the far rural north. They instinctively were aware of the danger all about…they knew before people did. Fortunately for us, the two mountain fella’s knew what to do with the grain and corn that we happened upon. They ground the grains into what could be described as a powder, ditto for the corn. The corn was mixed with grain, water, and whatever was growing about into a sort of spongy dough…they turned the stuff into bread that we were very happy to eat. The bigger of the two brothers, “Sandy,” used some of what was left of the grain and corn, turning it into something that we could drink…booze!

“Damn, man, this shit is booze, one hundred percent get-high booze! Where in hell did you learn to make this shit…where did you get the sugar? asked ‘Dre.’ I mean, how in hell were you able to cook this shit without a “Still” or some type of cooking apparatus?”

Sandy simply smiled and said, “I can’t tell ya…it’s a family secret only known to us folk in the Mountains.” 

“Aw c’mon man, who in hell am I gonna tell…you can tell me?” 

The big mountain man smiled again and laughed a big hearty laugh aloud and replied, “I bet you can’t wait to get things back to normal…after what you think or hope will happen, so that you can go and tell your “Homies” all about how you survived the holocaust of Philly and got a few secrets to sell, while making a fool out of a big dumb mountain man…right dude?”

“Aw, no my man, I wouldn’t think of such a thing…now as far as making a fool out a big dumb mountain man, such as yourself…I wouldn’t do that…and I’d make a fortune just the same.” Dre thought he was being funny, no one else laughed or smiled except him.

“Look you little punk-ass piece of shit…I wouldn’t tell your little black-ass a damn thing…nor anyone like you! I’d let your little punk-ass stay out here, get lost and starve to death as soon as look at cha! Now go fuck yourself…” 

The camp-fire blared and crackled as we sat there in the barn of the family who allowed us to stay for the night. Our faces were all glowing and shadowy silhouette(s) which appeared to dance upon the barn walls from the after-light. We were comfortably warm and sheltered.

“What the fuck did you say man?” Shouted ‘Dre,’ as he jumped up from the circle in an attempt to confront the big mountain man. Before he could make another move, ‘G’ reached up and grabbed him by the scruff of the neck. The mountain man never moved, he simply smiled as he sat there attending his drink.

“Listen fool, this ain’t the city…it’s gone, long gone. If you want to survive out here, you need to learn some brand new skills and forget about all that bull-shit from back-in-the-day! …Got It? Now sit your stupid ass down, smoke this joint, and enjoy this man’s booze. It’s a gift…It’s impolite and insulting to belittle a man’s gift…especially one that is life-preserving”

“G” released him. ‘Dre’ was more than embarrassed…he walked over to ‘Sandy,’ extended his right hand and said, “I’m sorry Sir, I meant no insult or harm, I apologize.” He was sincere in his gesture.
‘Sandy’ let loose a bellow of roaring laughter and with one heavy arm, reached up and pulled ‘Dre’ down to were he was sitting. The startled young man was gasping for air as the mountainous-behemoth smothered him with a bear-hug.
“Here, let’s forget all about it…here, have a drink.”

He did.

The men felt relaxed and comforted as they ate, drank, farted, and laughed. They hadn’t had this much fun in a very long time. They joked about women and their past experiences before the invasion. They smoked some of the “Pot” that was picked up from one of the “Germantown” stash-houses on our way out of the city. We were now in what we thought was a safe zone…we were in the mountains.

We successfully worked our way up route 309 into the “Allentown” area of Pennsylvania. We continued on past “Bethlehem,” working our way into “Easton.” We stopped off at an abandoned fueling station just outside of the town. The entire region seemed to be empty of life, of people. Our fuel tank was nearing empty, just below the quarter mark on the gauge. Traveling into “Easton” we hoped to find people out and about, not thinking about the danger of the machines being here or having arrived. The danger here wasn’t the machines, it was the roving bands of gangs; on bikes, and otherwise; they who saw fit to take advantage of and victimize the citizenry of all they owned or possessed… They raided the stores, warehouses, and homes of the residents and merchants alike. The town had that bombed-out look…a surreal appearance of a city besieged with desolation, disease, death, and destruction. It was like the stuff one saw on television or in the movies.

We didn’t know what street or road we were on because the area residents ripped down the signs in hopes of roving bands not knowing, recognizing, or remembering where they had previously assailed. One family recognized that we were not the enemy and welcomed us. They explained all that had previously occurred and what was available and what wasn’t. The fueling stations were empty of gas and oil… ‘Archie’ intervened and asked where the nearest fueling station other than the one we’d passed, was located.
Arriving at the location; after a warm reception and meal, ‘Archie’ got out of the truck and examined the abandoned gas pumps. He motioned to ‘G’ to run over the pump(s) with the truck. I shouted at him, “Are You Fuckin Crazy? Do You Wanna Blow Us All The Fuck Up, Fool?” 
‘G’ ordered us out of the truck. He then put the F-150 in reverse for a few yards and revved the engine to a mighty roar and charged forward into and over the fuel pumps. Fortunately they weren’t mounted on islands. The truck went straight over and through the gas pumps, ripping them from their foundations. The twin pumps lay in tattered and shredded metal upon the ground as ‘Archie’ peered over and into the well(s), down into the tanks below ground.
“Learn this, even if the tank is empty when it is pumped, there is always something at the very bottom.” He proceeded in dropping a long hose down into the wide-opened neck of the tank. I don’t know where he dug up that old hand-cranking-pump, but he was very successful in getting the last drops of fuel from the underground gas tanks, without blowing up the place. We got enough to fill the truck to a three-quarter mark on the truck’s dashboard indicator.

Continuing on our way, we changed direction and headed toward route 611 from 309. We then entered and passed through “Stroudsburg” and into “Tannersville.” We saw signs that gave directions for “Big Boulder,” “Jim Thorppe,” “Big Boulder,” “Big Bear,” and ‘Still Water Lakes; on “Mount Pocono.” We opted for “Blakeslee” on route 940. There was minimal population here. We were greeted by several of the locals and invited to stay at their place(s). We accepted the invitation from an Indian Family. We don’t know what “Nation” or “Tribal affiliation” they belonged to. And we didn’t ask. The Father of the family warned us of the local ‘White Folk.’ Some of them held a bit of prejudice for folk of Colour…especially those who are deemed to be successful in residing in this area. He said people like his family either cut them off by not patronizing their businesses or establishments; pretending they don’t exist. It works, according to “Frank-Eaglefeather,” the Grandfather. “Although, Some families have been attacked at one time or another. The racial element here, is alive and well.” It was here, at their ranch, we decided to stay.

We had forgotten to lay low… The sounds and noises carry far and wide in the mountain night(s); not to mention the smells and aroma’s. Mr. Eaglefeather brought us some bear-meat he’d cooked earlier in the day. ‘Archie,’ ‘Sandy,’ and ‘G’ accepted the meat with gratitude. ‘Me’ and ‘Dre,’ “Hell No! We Ain’t Eatin No Bear Meat!” 

“Boy, let me tell you, when you get hungry, you’ll be glad you had this meat to eat. Your attitude tells me that you ain’t never been truly hungry…have ya?” The “Rhienstein” brothers looked at us with disdain…the look(s) almost ruined the festive mood. They looked at each other and laughed. “Wait until we pull out the snake for breakfast tomorrow!” ‘Me’ and ‘Dre’ looked at each other and then at ‘Archie.’ We laughed too…only we didn’t mean it.

Suddenly there was a loud and thunderous boom from up the hill, at the family house. Then we all heard a scream…we bolted for our weapons and the door. There was another thunderous boom. It came from the south-side of the barn. The wall fell in…it was pushed in from the outside! The wooden barn-wall splintered into a thousand pieces as the humongous beast burst in on us… It was the biggest grizzly that I’d ever seen. I’ve only seen them in “the Zoo,” never up close and in person…never like this!
In what seemed like an instant, the beast was in the room and charging for ‘Me’ and ‘Dre!’ ‘Archie,’ with weapon in hand, turned and threw himself in between me and the bear. His Cross-Bow had already discharged well before he became airborne. ‘G’ firing his “M-16” automatic rifle as he also moved to place himself between us and the beast.

The steel-jacketed arrow struck the grizzly squarely in the neck while bullets from ‘G’s’ automatic weapon raked holes throughout his torso and face. The animal was simply after the food it smelled. It had no idea, it would lose its’ life when entering this barn. It had no clue that these big “Jewish” mountain men where expert hunters, anglers, and all-around outdoorsmen. They reveled at this opportunity to take down a bear…especially one of this age and size. They were born and raised in the city of ‘New York.’ The family acquired real estate in the “Pocono’s.” The boys fell in love with the move and would be unhappy with any other location; the family left that life for that of the mountains; somewhere around the age of seven or eight.
The weight and forward motion of the bruin, carried it straight into the camp-fire. As it lay there becoming scorched, the attention was re-focused on the noise from the house. We all charged off in that direction…the smell of burnt fur permeated the barn as the fire was being extinguished from the fallen bear.
A body was on the ground upon our approach. It wasn’t one or the family members. It was a stranger…a white man. The front door flew open as we hit the first step of the front porch. The double-barreled ’18-gauged shot-gun was pointed right in the face of ‘G.’ The gun-holder managed to restrain himself just in time. He pointed his gun toward the ground as did his sons who were holding ‘Smith and Wesson Field Master 30-30’s. His daughters held bow and arrow, ready for launching. Knives were in every waistline sash of the Indian Men. The mother was screaming while the other children and relatives were crying. The Grandfather lay dead in the back hallway of the house, just outside the door-way of his granddaughter’s room. He had a bullet-hole in the middle of his forehead.
The window of the young girl’s room was shattered into a thousand pieces. Her bed was empty…
The remaining family members screamed to us, telling us of the exchange of gun-fire between the kidnappers and their Grandfather. They think it was four men…one in the front of the house while one came in through the kitchen. He kicked in the door. The other two burst in through the young girls bedroom window… Mr. Eaglefeather stuck him good, the one in the kitchen. He died before he hit the floor.

“Grandfather managed to stab and cut him from the waist up to his sternum. One of the men who came in through the window shot Grandfather as they carried away out sister.” 

I shot the motherfucker coming in the front door!” said the younger Mr. Eaglefeather. “Now I must go after the bastards who stole my daughter.” He and two of his sons were armed to the teeth with weaponry…light enough to not slow them in their haste. The other two were assigned to take care of and guard the remaining family members.

“Yo, my brother and I will aid you in this hunt. We cannot simply leave and know that we have left you and your loving family in such a state as this. I’m sure that my friends, our traveling companions will provide assistance as well, Brother Eaglefeather!” ‘Archie’ said as he reloaded his weapons.

“I’m coming with you.” said ‘G.’ 

‘Russell,’ you and ‘Dre’ remain here and help out with the family. The brothers will help you sort out the bear in the barn. Just sit tight until we get back…I don’t think there will be any cops to worry about. Many of them are too spread out to bother concerning themselves with the troubles of common folk, especially Indian(s). Besides, with the invasion and in-flux of immigrants, they’ll have their hands plenty full. The “State-Troopers” probably won’t bother either…not until they can clear their plates as well. Don’t worry, the family will know what to do…they’ll take care of the dead bodies. You boys don’t have to concern yourselves with all that…keep your weapons at the ready – at all times!” 

Next…

~ “War-Paint – The Hunting-Party!” ~ 

Til Next Time… 

“G” 
“Twitter” 
https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG 

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 
http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/search.cgi?processSearch=1&keywords=the+fall+of+light&go=Search 

“The Amazonian”
https://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0%20

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Posting List Links and Locations to Articles by Boulware
‘The Platforms of BoulwareEnterprises/Publications’ 
~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~
http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html
http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-books-by-boulware
New BCID: 823-13940945
http://www.bookcrossing.com/journal/13940945
New BCID: 823-13940945 – Hallow

~BoulwareEnterprises~ 
http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com
https://about.me/gregory_boulware

“Article Posting Sites”
https://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583
https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/
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http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all
https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659
http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware

~The Connect Platform~ 
http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608
http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608
http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608
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http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608
http://escapeintotheword.connectplatform.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

“Amazon” 
http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0
https://authorcentral.amazon.com/gp/profile
http://www.authorsden.com/gregoryvboulware

And

“Twitter” 
https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG
https://twitter.com/hashtag/BoulwareBooks?src=hash
https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG/status/541394366842281984

https://www.academia.edu/
https://independent.academia.edu/GregoryVBoulware
http://knowledgeisking.ning.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware
https://www.authorsden.com/visit/author.asp?id=168361

ThePaper.Li.BoulwareDaily 
http://paper.li/~/publisher/5445ebb6-59f5-4aaf-bbbb-4bfc6689d423

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Quatro! The Pack of Four…
https://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0%20 

Kindle Editions:

1.
“The Spirit of The Soul and The Death of Morals” Kindle Edition 
https://www.amazon.com/Spirit-Soul-Death-Morals-ebook/dp/B0795FCKZS/ref=la_B00OI16PDI_1_1_twi_kin_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1522506689&sr=1-1 

2.
“Fairmount”: ‘Terror In The Park’ Kindle Edition 
https://www.amazon.com/Fairmount-Terror-Gregory-V-Boulware-ebook/dp/B076G976LX/ref=la_B00OI16PDI_1_2_twi_kin_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1522506689&sr=1-2 

3.
“Hallow” Kindle Edition 
https://www.amazon.com/Hallow-Gregory-Boulware-ebook/dp/B01MDRWT7P/ref=sr_1_9?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1516147882&sr=1-9&keywords=Gregory+Boulware 

4.
HALLOW II – A Portentous Epoch of Sagacious Redolence and Epiphany Kindle Edition 
https://www.amazon.com/HALLOW-II-Portentous-Sagacious-Redolence-ebook/dp/B06WRVL9QF/ref=sr_1_4?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1522507717&sr=1-4 

KDP: 
The Four Pack: 
https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=dp_byline_sr_ebooks_1?ie=UTF8&text=Gregory+Boulware&search-alias=digital-text&field-author=Gregory+Boulware&sort=relevancerank 

~”Boulware” in ‘Kindle!’~ 
https://www.goodreads.com/author_blog_posts/16447677-boulware-in-kindle 

“Fairmount” – ‘The Series’ 
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/ 

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Techie Speak Universal! 

#Teaching #Education #Learning #Advancement #Career #Algorithm #Syntax #BoulwareBooks 

“Just A Few Techie Definitions” 

By 
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq. 
https://independent.academia.edu/GregoryVBoulware 
“HBCU” 
http://hbcu.com/content/337999/just-a-few-techie-definitions 
“Amazon” 
http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0 

“WordPress”
https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2018/11/19/just-a-few-techie-definitions/

 

Ya’ateeh, Y’Ho, Shalom Alaikum, As Salaam Alaikum, Hotep, Hola, Konichiwa, Privyet, Hallo, Ni Hao, Anyoung Haseyo, and Hello To You, One and All – Especially Students! 

 

Someone asked me, awhile back, “What’s an Algorithm?”

As I began to explain, I remembered the information I’d entered into one of my published books, “A Few Tech Definitions From A to Z…” I thought I might help as many as I can to understand what all those “techie speak” words, abbreviations, and symbols imply. To the student(s) who may have a leg up on the “lay individuals,” this article as well as “The Book – The One Thing I Know Is” could well be a highly valuable commodity to have on one’s desk as well as in their learning library at home, school, or work. 

Enjoy this posting as it relates to a plethora of data and “Techie Speak Lingo!” 

This author will offer a series of data-strings for all of you who wish to broaden your technical terminology (and a bit of business) as well as keeping you abreast as to what all those strange and crazy words mean to you, me, and quite a few others…“Happy Studying!” 

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From the Book “The One Thing I Know Is…” 
‘The One Thing I Know Is…How To Understand Information Technology!’ 
Page 137, From A to Z 
“Amazon” 
http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0 

 

ActiveX: 

A loosely defined set of technologies developed by Microsoft. ActiveX is an outgrowth of two other Microsoft technologies called OLE (Object Linking and Embedding) and COM (Component Object Model). As a moniker, ActiveX can be very confusing because it applies to a whole set of COM-based technologies. Most people, however, think only of ActiveX controls, which represent a specific way of implementing ActiveX technologies.

Ad Hoc: 

Description of Research Group:
An ad hoc network is an autonomous system of routers (and associated hosts) connected by wireless links–the union of which form an arbitrary graph. The routers are free to move randomly and organize themselves arbitrarily; thus, the network’s wireless topology may change rapidly and unpredictably. Such a network may operate in a standalone fashion, or may be connected to the larger Internet operating as a hybrid fixed/ad hoc network.

This group is concerned with the study of Ad hoc Network Systems (ANS). Ad hoc networks are complex systems, with cross-layer protocol dynamics and interactions that are not present in wired systems, most prominently between the physical, link and network (IP) layers. The IETF community and the wider research community could benefit from research into the behavior of ad hoc networks that would enable advanced routing protocol development. This research group will endeavor to develop sufficient understanding in topic areas of interest to enable the desired protocol specification work.

ADJUDICATION: 

Administrative Law; to resolve legally, rule-making, investigation and enforcement, administrative process. The administration of law by administrative agencies.
Adjudication/Subrogation
Adjudication 
ad·ju·di·ca·tion /??d?ud?’ke???n/ Show Spelled Pronunciation [uh-joo-di-key-shuhn] Show IPA –noun 1. an act of adjudicating. 2. Law. a. the act of a court in making an order, judgment, or decree. b. a judicial decision or sentence. c. a court decree in bankruptcy. > ad·ju·di·cate (?-joo’di-kat’) v. ad·ju·di·cat·ed, ad·ju·di·cat·ing, ad·ju·di·cates v. tr. To hear and settle (a case) by judicial procedure.

To study and settle (a dispute or conflict): The principal adjudicated our quarrel. v. intr. To act as a judge. [Latin adiudicare, adiudicat-, to award to (judicially): ad-, ad- + iudicare, to judge (from iudex, judge; see judge).] ad·ju’di·ca’tion n., ad·ju’di·ca’tive adj., ad·ju’di·ca’tor n. > Subrogation sub·ro·gate /’s?br??ge?t/ Show Spelled Pronunciation [suhb-ruh-geyt] Show IPA –verb (used with object), -gat·ed, -gat·ing. 1. to put into the place of another; substitute for another. 2. Civil Law. to substitute (one person) for another with reference to a claim or right.
Use Subrogation in a Sentence See images of Subrogation Search Subrogation on the Web
——————————————————————————-
Origin: 1400–50; 1540–50 for def. 1; late ME (ptp.) < L subrogatus (ptp. of subrogare to nominate (someone) as a substitute), equiv. to sub- sub- + roga(re) to request + -tus ptp. suffix Related forms: sub·ro·ga·tion, noun > Main Entry: sub·ro·ga·tion Pronunciation: “s&-brO-‘gA-sh&n Function: noun 1: an equitable doctrine holding that when a third party pays a creditor or obligee the third party succeeds to the creditor’s rights against the debtor or obligor; also: a doctrine holding that when an insurance company pays an insured’s claim of loss due to another’s tort the insurer succeeds to the insured’s rights (as the right to sue for damages) against the tortfeasor called also equitable subrogation
2: an act or instance of subrogating subrogation the right to recover for money —J. M. Landers et al.>
NOTE: Subrogation can take place either by operation of law or by contractual agreement.
Adjudication/Subrogation

ADO: 

Short for ActiveX Data Objects, Microsoft’s newest high-level interface for data objects. ADO is designed to eventually replace Data Access Objects (DAO) and Remote Data Objects (RDO). Unlike RDO and DAO, which are designed only for accessing relational databases, ADO is more general and can be used to access all sorts of different types of data, including web pages, spreadsheets, and other types of documents.
Together with OLE DB and ODBC, ADO is one of the main components of Microsoft’s Universal Data Access (UDA) specification, which is designed to provide a consistent way of accessing data regardless of how the data are structured.

Aggregate Functions:

MIN returns the smallest value in a given column MAX returns the largest value in a given column SUM returns the sum of the numeric values in a given column AVG returns the average value of a given column COUNT returns the total number of values in a given column COUNT(*) returns the number of rows in a table
Aggregate functions are used to compute against a “returned column of numeric data” from your SELECT statement. They basically summarize the results of a particular column of selected data. We are covering these here since they are required by the next topic, “GROUP BY”. Although they are required for the “GROUP BY” clause, these functions can be used without the “GROUP BY” clause. For example:
SELECT AVG(salary)
FROM employee;
This statement will return a single result which contains the average value of everything returned in the salary column from the employee table.
Another example:
SELECT AVG(salary)
FROM employee;
WHERE title = ‘Programmer’;
This statement will return the average salary for all employees whose title is equal to ‘Programmer’

Example: 

SELECT Count (*)
FROM employees;
This particular statement is slightly different from the other aggregate functions since there isn’t a column supplied to the count function. This statement will return the number of rows in the employees table.
Use these tables for the exercises items_ordered customers
Review Exercises
1. Select the maximum price of any item ordered in the items_ordered table. Hint: Select the maximum price only.> 2. Select the average price of all of the items ordered that were purchased in the month of Dec. 3. What are the total number of rows in the items_ordered table? 4. For all of the tents that were ordered in the items_ordered table, what is the price of the lowest tent? Hint: Your query should return the price only.

Answers to these Exercises
Enter SQL Statement here:
Submit Query

AGP-Advanced Graphic Port: 

Short for Accelerated Graphics Port, an interface specification developed by Intel Corporation. AGP is based on PCI, but is designed especially for the throughput demands of 3-D graphics. Rather than using the PCI bus for graphics data, AGP introduces a dedicated point-to-point channel so that the graphics controller can directly access main memory. The AGP channel is 32 bits wide and runs at 66 MHz. This translates into a total bandwidth of 266 MBps; as opposed to the PCI bandwidth of 133 MBps. AGP also supports two optional faster modes, with throughputs of 533 MBps and 1.07 GBps. In addition, AGP allows 3-D textures to be stored in main memory rather than video memory.

PCI: 

Peripheral Component Inter-Connect (functionality card). AGP has a couple important system requirements:

• The chipset must support AGP.

• The motherboard must be equipped with an AGP bus slot or must have an integrated AGP graphics system.

• The operating system must be the OSR 2.1 version of Windows 95, Windows 98 or Windows NT 4.0. And currently, many professional Macintoshes support AGP. AGP-enabled computers and graphics accelerators hit the market in August, 1997. However, there are several different levels of AGP compliance.

The following features are considered optional:

• Texturing: Also called Direct Memory Execute mode, allows textures to be stored in main memory.

• Throughput: Various levels of throughput are offered: 1X is 266 MBps, 2X is 533 MBps; and 4X provides 1.07 GBps.

• Sideband Addressing: Speeds up data transfers by sending command instructions in a separate, parallel channel.

• Pipelining: Enables the graphics card to send several instructions together instead of sending one at a time.

Algorithm:

A line of attack; Information (The Flow Chart). 
(al´g&-rith-&m) (n.) A formula or set of steps for solving a particular problem. To be an algorithm, a set of rules must be unambiguous and have a clear stopping point. Algorithms can be expressed in any language, from natural languages like English or French to programming languages like FORTRAN.

We use algorithms every day. For example, a recipe for baking a cake is an algorithm. Most programs, with the exception of some artificial intelligence (AI) applications, consist of algorithms. Inventing elegant algorithms — algorithms that are simple and require the fewest steps possible -is one of the principal challenges in programming.

Genetic algorithms archive Repository for information related to research in genetic algorithms. Here you can find a calendar of events, back issues of the archive, links to related research sites, newsgroups, and source code.

A study on what faces people find the most attractive. 

This was a study done to determine what types of faces are the most attractive. This shows how a genetic algorithm can be applied to a study of hereditary over many generations. Algorithms for common programming problems…

Provides algorithms for common programming problems. It also provides pointers on how to implement those algorithms in various different languages. Demonstration of genetic algorithm problem.

This site illustrates the solution for the travelling salesman problem– what is the best, most efficient way for a travelling sales man to travel through all the states. The solutions were found by running a genetic algorithm. The problem is a classic question that is dealt with using algorithms.

Analog: (adj.)

Also spelled analogue, describes a device or system that represents changing values as continuously variable physical quantities. A typical analog device is a clock in which the hands move continuously around the face. Such a clock is capable of indicating every possible time of day. In contrast, a digital clock is capable of representing only a finite number of times (every tenth of a second, for example). In general, humans experience the world analogically. Vision, for example, is an analog experience because we perceive infinitely smooth gradations of shapes and colors. When used in reference to data storage and transmission, analog format is that in which information is transmitted by modulating a continuous transmission signal, such as amplifying a signal’s strength or varying its frequency to add or take away data. For example, telephones take sound vibrations and turn them into electrical vibrations of the same shape before they are transmitted over traditional telephone lines. Radio wave transmissions work in the same way. Computers, which handle data in digital form, require modems to turn signals from digital to analog before transmitting those signals over communication lines such as telephone lines that carry only analog signals. The signals are turned back into digital form (demodulated) at the receiving end so that the computer can process the data in its digital format.

Contrast with digital. 

ANSI: 

Acronym for the American National Standards Institute. Founded in 1918, ANSI is a voluntary organization composed of over 1,300 members (including all the large computer companies) that creates standards for the computer industry. For example, ANSI C is a version of the C language that has been approved by the ANSI committee. To a large degree, all ANSI C Compilers, regardless of which company produces them, should behave similarly.

In addition to programming languages, ANSI sets standards for a wide range of technical areas, from electrical specifications to communications protocols. For example, FDDI, the main set of protocols for sending data over fiber optic cables, is an ANSI standard.

National Committee for Information Technology Standards (NCITS) Contains information on the efforts and involvements of NCITS in the area of market-driven, voluntary consensus standards for multimedia, interconnection among computing devices, storage media, databases, security, and programming languages.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Home Page Contains news, events, links to standards databases, and education and training links. Standardization – ANSI

Explains why there is a need for ANSI and standardization.

API:

Abbreviation of Application Program Interface, a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. A good API makes it easier to develop a program by providing all the building blocks. A programmer puts the blocks together. 

Most operating environments, such as MS-Windows, provide an API so that programmers can write applications consistent with the operating environment. Although APIs are designed for programmers, they are ultimately good for users because they guarantee that all programs using a common API will have similar interfaces. This makes it easier for users to learn new programs. DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI)

This is a programmer’s reference copy of the DOS Protected Mode Interface, a protected mode API specification for DOS extended applications. Microsoft Internet Server API (ISAPI) information page Provides a brief description of Microsoft’s Internet Server API (ISAPI), along with a link to information on CGI.

APM:

Short for Advanced Power Management, an API developed by Intel and Microsoft that allows developers to include power management in BIOSes. APM defines a layer between the hardware and the operating system that effectively shields the programmer from hardware details.

Applet:

An applet is a small program designed to run within another application. Applets are useful on the Web because, once they are downloaded; they can be executed quickly within the user’s browser. More than one applet can exist in a single document, and they can communicate with one another while they work. Java is one of the major languages used for creating Web-based applets.

Application: 

A program or group of programs designed for end users. Software can be divided into two general classes: systems software and applications software. Systems software consists of low level programs that interact with the computer at a very basic level. This includes operating systems, compilers, and utilities for managing computer resources.
In contrast, applications software (also called end-user programs) includes database programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. Figuratively speaking, applications software sits on top of systems software because it is unable to run without the operating system and system utilities.

Argument: 

In programming, a value that you pass to a routine. For example, if SQRT is a routine that returns the square root of a value, then SQRT(25) would return the value 5. The value 25 is the argument.

Argument is often used synonymously with parameter, although parameter can also mean any value that can be changed. In addition, some programming languages make a distinction between arguments, which are passed in only one direction, and parameters, which can be passed back and forth, but this distinction is by no means universal.

An argument can also be an option to a command, in which case it is often called a command-line argument.

Artificial Intelligence: (AI)

The branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. The term was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Artificial intelligence includes
• games playing: programming computers to play games such as chess and checkers

• expert systems: programming computers to make decisions in real-life situations (for example, some expert systems help doctors diagnose diseases based on symptoms)

• natural language: programming computers to understand natural human languages

• neural networks: Systems that simulate intelligence by attempting to reproduce the types of physical connections that occur in animal brains

• robotics: programming computers to see and hear and react to other sensory stimuli

Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence (that is, are able to simulate human behavior). The greatest advances have occurred in the field of games playing. The best computer chess programs are now capable of beating humans. In May, 1997, an IBM super-computer called Deep Blue defeated world chess champion Gary Kasparov in a chess match. 

In the area of robotics, computers are now widely used in assembly plants, but they are capable only of very limited tasks. Robots have great difficulty identifying objects based on appearance or feel, and they still move and handle objects clumsily.

Natural-language processing offers the greatest potential rewards because it would allow people to interact with computers without needing any specialized knowledge. You could simply walk up to a computer and talk to it. Unfortunately, programming computers to understand natural languages has proved to be more difficult than originally thought. Some rudimentary translation systems that translate from one human language to another are in existence, but they are not nearly as good as human translators. There are also voice recognition systems that can convert spoken sounds into written words, but they do not understand what they are writing; they simply take dictation. Even these systems are quite limited — you must speak slowly and distinctly.

In the early 1980’s, expert systems were believed to represent the future of (AI) artificial intelligence and of computers in general. To date, however, they have not lived up to expectations. Many expert systems help human experts in such fields as medicine and engineering, but they are very expensive to produce and are helpful only in special situations.

Today, the hottest area of (AI) artificial intelligence is neural networks, which are proving successful in a number of disciplines such as voice recognition and natural-language processing.

There are several programming languages that are known as AI languages because they are used almost exclusively for AI applications. The two most common are LISP and Prolog.

Numara Software:

Neural Network Help Desk Software – Offers Track-It! “Help Desk Software” for advanced problem resolution, knowledge management, and employee/customer self-help via the Web.

Free demo…

KnowledgeStorm: 

(AI) Artificial Intelligence Information Resource – Business technology search site offering software, service, re-seller and hardware information on thousands of IT solutions and Intelligent software products and suppliers.

Searchable directory of over 700 product abstracts for AI and intelligent software products. MIT Artificial Intelligence Projects
The following are links to web sites for many of the research groups and research projects that CSAIL members are involved in.

American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Provides links to AAAI conferences, symposia, publications, workshops, resources, and organization information. MIT’s AI Lab home page 

This site features a number of artificial intelligence resources, including several online publications.

SRI International Artificial Intelligence Center (AIC) page Home page for SRI’s International’s Artificial Intelligence Center (AIC), one of the world’s major centers of research in artificial intelligence. Here you can find information on their research programs, staff, and publications.

The Center for Neural Computing Applications (CNCA) The CNCA is a University research group dedicated to developing neural computing and SMART software solutions to real world problems. The site provides project details, papers, extensive related links pages, and up-to-date information in the AI/neural computing world. The Outsider’s Guide to AI Contains AI history, information on the LISP language, natural language processing, hardware, expert systems, human behavior, message filtering, robotics, and an AI timeline. 

AS (AS/400): 

Acronym for Autonomous System 
An Autonomous System (AS) is a group of networks under mutual administration that share the same routing methodology. An AS uses an internal gateway protocol and common metrics to route packets within the AS and uses an external gateway protocol to route packets to other Autonomous Systems.

ASCII: 

Acronym for the American Standard Code of Information Interchange.

Pronounced ask-ee, ASCII is a code for representing English characters as numbers, with each letter assigned a number from 0 to 127? For example, the ASCII code for uppercase M is 77.

Most computers use ASCII codes to represent text, which makes it possible to transfer data from one computer to another.

Text files stored in ASCII format are sometimes called ASII files. Text editors and word processors are usually capable of storing data in ASCII format, although ASCII format is not always the default storage format. Most data files, particularly if they contain numeric data, are not stored on ASCII format. Executable programs are never stored in ASCII format.

The standard ASCII character set uses just 7 bits for each character. There are several larger character sets that use 8 bits, which gives them 128 additional characters. The extra characters are used to represent non-English characters, graphics symbols, and mathematical symbols. 

Several companies and organizations have proposed extensions for these 128 characters. The DOS operating system uses a “Superset” of ASCII called extended ASCII or high ASCII. A more universal standard is the ISO Latin 1 set of characters, which is used by many operating systems, as well as Web browsers.

Another set of codes that is used on large IBM computers is EBCDIC.

ASIC: 

Pronounced ay-sik, and short for Application-Specific Integrated Circuit, a chip designed for a particular application (as opposed to the integrated circuits that control functions such as RAM in a PC). ASIC’s are built by connecting existing circuit building blocks in new ways. Since the building blocks already exist in a library, it is much easier to produce a new ASIC than to design a new chip from scratch.

ASIC’s are commonly used in automotive computers to control the functions of the vehicle and in PDAs.

ASM: 

Automatic Storage Management (ASM) is a feature in Oracle Database 10g that provides the database administrator with a simple storage management interface that is consistent across all server and storage platforms. As a vertically integrated file system and volume manager, purpose-built for Oracle database files, ASM provides the performance of async I/O with the easy management of a file system. ASM provides capability that saves the DBA’s time and provides flexibility to manage a dynamic database environment with increased efficiency.

ATA: 

Short for Advanced Technology Attachment, a disk drive implementation that integrates the controller on the disk drive itself. There are several versions of ATA, all developed by the Small Form Factor (SFF) Committee: 

ATA: Known also as IDE, supports one or two hard drives, a 16-bit interface and PIO modes 0, 1 and 2.

ATA-2: Supports faster PIO modes (3 and 4) and multiword DMA modes (1 and 2). Also supports logical block addressing (LBA) and block transfers. ATA-2 is marketed as Fast ATA and Enhanced IDE (EIDE).

ATA-3: Minor revision to ATA-2. 

Ultra-ATA: Also called Ultra-DMA, ATA-33, and DMA-33, supports multiword DMA mode 3 running at 33 MBps.

ATA/66: A version of ATA proposed by Quantum Corporation, and supported by Intel, that doubles ATA’s throughput to 66 MBps.

ATA/100: An updated version of ATA/66 that increases data transfer rates to 100 MBps. ATA also is called Parallel ATA. Contrast with Serial ATA.

The Next Article Submission will pick up with the “B” Section…

 

“Backplane!” 

…Til Next Time. 

Happy Learning! 

~ “SANKOFA” the “MAAFA” ~ 

 

Peace and Love, 

“G” 
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Bonus Material Just For Your Edification: 

What’s In A Book? 
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