Tag Archive: Choice


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Is Hong Kong on the Brink of Unrest?

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By

Gregory V. Boulware

 “When law becomes a science and a system, it ceases to be justice. The errors, into which a blind devotion to principles of classification has led the common law, will be seen by observing how often the legislation has been obligated to come forward to restore the equity its scheme had lost.”

~Landor~

‘The Jurisprudence of Every Nation’

 “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the Earth, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men – that they were fair; and of them they took as wives of all they chose.

 And the Lord said, “My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh; yet his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.”

 ASIAN VOICES NHK WORLD

Hong Kong on the Brink

Ichiro Korogi

(Professor, Kanda University of International Studies)

Benny Tai

(Legal Scholar / Co-organizer of Occupy Central with Love and Peace)

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/tv/asianvoices/archives201408230300.html

Hong Kong is being rocked by pro-democracy protests. Since its return to Chinese rule 17 years ago, its residents have enjoyed a high degree of autonomy. But unrest has been growing. Many say the Chinese government is trying to control the electoral process for Hong Kong’s top administrative officer. In July, some 510,000 people took part in protest demonstrations. At the end of August, the Chinese government announced that it would effectively bar pro-democracy candidates from running in elections. Activists are planning to stage massive rallies and to occupy the financial district in central Hong Kong. Meanwhile, government supporters have held counter-demonstrations. The rift in society has been deepening. What’s behind the Chinese’s government attempt to tighten control? And where is Hong Kong headed? We will consider these questions together with a Japanese specialist on China, Professor Ichiro Korogi of Kanda University of International Studies, and Associate Professor Benny Tai of the University of Hong Kong, one of the leaders of the pro-democracy movement.

George Bush, then President of the U.S., Hu Jin Tao, China’s President, and Than Shue, Myanmar’s Military leader went to visit God, Zarganar emailed a friend just after 9 o’clock; just before the crackdown on the evening of September twenty-fifth. Bush asked God, when will the US become the most powerful nation in the world?” Hu then asked when China would become the richest nation in the world, which drew the same answer from God.

Would you have the government control you for saying something they don’t approve of? Is the First Amendment protecting you and yours? Does the First Amendment apply to you and me? How does our civilized, democratic society stack up to those who do crack down on the right to speak — privately or publicly?

https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2014/07/10/zarganar/

PBS – NHK World News

WorldNews.org

‘Hong Kong On The Brink?’

 What is the meaning of?

 ‘Hong-Kong Democracy,’ ‘Democracy,’ ‘Control,’ ‘Grassroots,’ ‘Bureaucracy,’ ‘ Hierarchy,’ ‘Election,’ ‘Autonomy,’ ‘Free Choice,’ ‘Communism,’ ‘Universal Suffrage?’

Democracy:

…government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

…a state having such a form of government:

“The United States and Canada are democracies.”

…a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges.

…political or social equality; democratic spirit.

…the common people of a community as distinguished from any privileged class; the common people with respect to their political power.

Middle French

Late Latin

Greek

Control:

…to exercise restraint or direction over; dominate; command.

…to hold in check; curb:

“To control a horse; to control one’s emotions.”

…to test or verify (a scientific experiment) by a parallel experiment or other standard of comparison.

…to eliminate or prevent the flourishing or spread of:

“To control a forest fire.”

Obsolete. to check or regulate (transactions), originally by means of a duplicate register.

noun

…the act or power of controlling; regulation; domination or command:

“Who’s in control here?”

…the situation of being under the regulation, domination, or command of another:

“The car is out of control.”

…check or restraint:

“Her anger is under control.”

A legal or official means of regulation or restraint:

“To institute wage and price controls.”

Statistics. control variable (def 1).

…a person who acts as a check; controller.

…a device for regulating and guiding a machine, as a motor or airplane.

late Middle English

Anglo-French

Grassroots:

…the common or ordinary people, especially as contrasted with the leadership or elite of a political party, social organization, etc.; the rank and file.

…the agricultural and rural areas of a country.

…the people inhabiting these areas, especially as a political, social, or economic group.

…the origin or basis of something; the basic or primary concept, rule, part, or the like.

adjective, Also, grass-roots

…of, pertaining to, or involving the common people, especially as contrasted with or separable from an elite:

“A Grassroots Movement for nuclear disarmament.”

Bureaucracy:

…government by many bureaus, administrators, and petty officials.

…the body of officials and administrators, especially of a government or government department.

…excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, administrative bureaus or administrators.

…administration characterized by excessive red tape and routine.

French

Hierarchy:

…any system of persons or things ranked one above another.

…government by ecclesiastical rulers.

…the power or dominion of a hierarch.

…an organized body of ecclesiastical officials in successive ranks or orders:

“The Roman Catholic hierarchy.”

…one of the three divisions of the angels, each made up of three orders, conceived as constituting a graded body.

Also called celestial hierarchy. the collective body of angels.

…government by an elite group.

Medieval Latin

Late Greek

Election:

…the selection of a person or persons for office by vote.

…a public vote upon a proposition submitted.

…the act of electing.

Theology. the choice by God of individuals, as for a particular work or for favor or salvation.

Latin

Autonomy:

…independence or freedom, as of the will or one’s actions:

“The autonomy of the individual.”

…the state or condition of having independence or freedom, or of being autonomous; self-government, or the right of self-government:

“The rebels demanded autonomy from Spain.”

…a self-governing community.

Greek

Free-Choice:

Free

…enjoying personal rights or liberty, as a person who is not in slavery:

“A land of free people.”

…pertaining to or reserved for those who enjoy personal liberty:

“They were thankful to be living on free soil.”

…existing under, characterized by, or possessing civil and political liberties that are, as a rule, constitutionally guaranteed by representative government:

“The free nations of the world.”

…enjoying political autonomy, as a people or country not under foreign rule; independent.

…exempt from external authority, interference, restriction, etc., as a person or one’s will, thought, choice, action, etc.; independent; unrestricted.

…able to do something at will; at liberty:

“Free to choose.”

…clear of obstructions or obstacles, as a road or corridor:

“The highway is now free of fallen rock.”

…in a free manner; freely; Nautical. away from the wind, so that a sailing vessel need not be close-hauled:

“running free.” verb (used with object), freed, freeing; to make free; set at liberty; release from bondage, imprisonment, or restraint; to exempt or deliver (usually followed by from); to relieve or rid (usually followed by of): “to free oneself of responsibility.”; to disengage; clear (usually followed by from or of) Verb phrases; free up,  a.to release, as from restrictions: “Congress voted to free up funds for the new highway system.” b.to disentangle: “It took an hour to free up the traffic jam.”

Idioms; for free, Informal. without charge: “The tailor mended my jacket for free.”; free and clear, Law. without any encumbrance, as a lien or mortgage:

“They owned their house free and clear.”; free and easy,  a. unrestrained; casual; informal. b. excessively or inappropriately casual; presumptuous; make free with,  a.to use as one’s own; help oneself to: “If you make free with their liquor, you won’t be invited again.” b.to treat with too much familiarity; take liberties with; set free, to release; liberate; free: “The prisoners were set free.”; with a free hand, generously; freely; openhandedly: “He entertains visitors with a free hand.”

Middle English

Old English

 Choice

noun

…an act or instance of choosing; selection:

“Her choice of a computer was made after months of research. His parents were not happy with his choice of friends.”

…the right, power, or opportunity to choose; option:

“The child had no choice about going to school.”

…the person or thing chosen or eligible to be chosen :

“This book is my choice. He is one of many choices for the award.”

…an alternative:

“There is another choice.”

…an abundance or variety from which to choose :

“A wide choice of candidates.”

…something that is preferred or preferable to others; the best part of something:

“Mare’s Nest is the choice in the sixth race.”

…a carefully selected supply:

This restaurant has a fine choice of wines.”

8.

…worthy of being chosen; excellent; superior.

…carefully selected:

“Choice words.”

…(in the grading of beef in the U.S.) rated between prime and good.

Idioms

…of choice, that is generally preferred:

“A detached house is still the home of choice.”

Middle English

Germanic

Middle English chois < Old French, derivative of choisir to perceive, choose < Germanic

Choice, alternative, option, preference all suggest the power of choosing between things. Choice implies the opportunity to choose: “a choice of evils.” Alternative suggests that one has a choice between only two possibilities. It is often used with a negative to mean that there is no second possibility: “to have no alternative.”Option emphasizes free right or privilege of choosing: “to exercise one’s option. “Preference applies to a choice based on liking or partiality: “to state a preference.” 9. …select, rare, uncommon, valuable, precious. See fine1.

noun

1.

…the act or an instance of choosing or selecting

2.

…the opportunity or power of choosing

3.

…a person or thing chosen or that may be chosen: he was a possible choice

4.

…an alternative action or possibility: what choice did I have?

5.

…a supply from which to select: a poor choice of shoes

6.

…of choice, preferred; favourite

adjective

7.

…of superior quality; excellent: choice wine

8.

…carefully chosen, appropriate: a few choice words will do the trick

9.

…vulgar or rude: choice language

mid-14c., “that which is choice,” from choice (adj.) blended with earlier chois (n.) “action of selecting” (c.1300); “power of choosing” (early 14c.), “someone or something chosen” (late 14c.), from Old French chois “one’s choice; fact of having a choice” (12c., Modern French choix), from verb choisir “to choose, distinguish, discern; recognize, perceive, see,” from a Germanic source related to Old English ceosan “to choose, taste, try;” see choose. Late Old English chis “fastidious, choosy,” from or related to ceosan, probably also contributed to the development of choice. Replaced Old English cyre “choice, free will,” from the same base, probably because the imported word was closer to choose [see note in OED].

adj.

…”worthy to be chosen, distinguished, excellent,” mid-14c., from choice (n.).

…in philosophy, a corollary of the proposition of free will-i.e., the ability voluntarily to decide to perform one of several possible acts or to avoid action entirely. An ethical choice involves ascribing qualities such as right or wrong, good or bad, better or worse to alternatives.

 Communism:

 …a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

…(often initial capital letter) a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party.

…(initial capital letter) the principles and practices of the Communist Party.

…communalism.

French

…communism includes all of these when understood in its true meaning. Forms of libertarian communism such as situationism are strongly egoist in nature.

noun

1.

…advocacy of a classless society in which private ownership has been abolished and the means of production and subsistence belong to the community

2.

…any social, economic, or political movement or doctrine aimed at achieving such a society

3.

…(usually capital) a political movement based upon the writings of Marx that considers history in terms of class conflict and revolutionary struggle, resulting eventually in the victory of the proletariat and the establishment of a socialist order based on public ownership of the means of production See also Marxism, Marxism-Leninism, socialism

4.

…(usually capital) a social order or system of government established by a ruling Communist Party, esp in the former Soviet Union

5.

…(often capital) (mainly US) any leftist political activity or thought, esp when considered to be subversive

6.

…communal living; communalism “social system based on collective ownership,” 1843, from French communisme (c.1840) from commun (Old French comun; see common (adj.)) + -isme (see -ism).

Originally a theory of society; as name of a political system, 1850, a translation of German Kommunismus (itself from French), in Marx and Engels’ “Manifesto of the Communist Party.” Cf. communist. In some cases in early and mid-20c., a term of abuse implying anti-social criminality without regard to political theory; i.e. socialism, communism, anarchism] stands for a state of things, or a striving after it, that differs much from that which we know; & for many of us, especially those who are comfortably at home in the world as it is, they have consequently come to be the positive, comparative, & superlative, distinguished not in kind but in degree only, of the terms of abuse applicable to those who would disturb our peace.

 Communism definition

An economic and social system envisioned by the nineteenth-century German scholar Karl Marx. In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than by individuals (see Marxism and  Marxism-Leninism). In practice, a single authoritarian party controls both the political and economic systems. In the twentieth century, communism was associated with the economic and political systems of China and the Soviet Union and of the satellites of the Soviet Union.

(Compare  capitalism and  socialism).

 Universal Suffrage:

noun

…suffrage for all persons over a certain age, usually 18 or 21, who in other respects satisfy the requirements established by law.

Do we in America allow our government to oppress us, disrespect us, detect us, delete us, or to protect us? When we in America elect our government officials — do we control them or do they control us?

 “Let the workers do as they will…let those in the depths use force and do wrong, so that we can be justified in using force against them…behold a New World Order!”

 “If you lead correctly, orders are unnecessary and useless.”

~Confucius~

“He has showed you, O man, what’s good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your GOD?”

 “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. And he will turn the hearts of fathers to their children and the hearts of children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the land with a curse.”

— Malachi 4:5–6

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OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAThe Ghost Writer Interviews_4.9.13
https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2013/04/08/the-ghost-writer-interviews/

Hello and welcome to this candid and informal interview of up and coming writer/author, of titles like, “The Spirit of The Soul and The Death of Morals,” “Hallow” and “Anthology of An Essayist, vols. 1 & 2” Gregory Vernon Boulware. Mr. Boulware has published several books and a plethora of online articles that embrace a host of genres. Join us in this three-part entertaining and enlightening visit with this awe inspiring author.

Thank you,

Your Online GhostWriter

Part 2
“So You’ve Become An Author, Why?”

G.W.:
Tell me Greg. why did you want to write a book?

G.V.B.:
Well, like I was trying to say with regard to the submission of my first published article, “IT and BI,” I don’t know…I felt a sense of responsibility.

G.W.:
What do you mean responsibility? To whom do you refer?

G.V.B.:
To all people who cannot afford or get into a so-called college classroom or tech school due to lack of money or economic status; those that wish to learn. It’s a responsibility to those who wish to know how Information Technology and Business Intelligence training can change their life for the better! It’s a lending hand in bridging and/or closing the gap of the “Great Digital Divide.” It’s what I’m supposed to do by direct order from ancestral beliefs and the “Most High!” It is my moral Decalogue…I’m supposed to reach back and help someone in any way that I can. Oh yes, with special assistance and attention to the enhancement of the imagination and the mind! If I wasn’t supposed to write, I wouldn’t be doing it.

Look Man, I’m past my sixtieth decade, living on a fixed income; dealing with the rigors of daily aches, pains, and the ills of everyday life (as it exists)…now don’t you think that I’d rather be out fishing instead?

G.W.:
Sorry Man, I didn’t mean to push your buttons…

G.V.B.:
No dude, not at all, you wanted to know so I had to tell you. Yo, I’m not expecting any miracles to happen simply because I’ve published some books; It’s also a legacy thing too. No one that I know of in my family has ever written a book. Most of the stuff that was passed along by the family elders was by word of mouth and maybe photographs. I remember seeing a picture of my grandmother when she was in her teens. Damn, she looked good! She was always one classy and sharp looking church-going lady while I was growing up in Philly. I also saw one of my grandfather when he was only a small boy in what appeared to be his neighborhood of Winnsboro, South Carolina. We have all heard stories of how miserable life was during the great depression. My granddad, Ernest ‘Buster’ Boulware, seemed to be a happy kid of about six or seven in one particular photograph. The environment also did not appear like that of the inner city ghetto’s either. My grandparents seemed to be doing well in those days…I don’t know, appearances can be deceiving. I asked my mother why they all came up north as opposed to remaining in the south. She said, “Hell boy, they all came up here because of jobs! We all needed to eat.”

G.W.:
Tell us Greg. who are you?

G.V.B.:
I’m a simple man who would like to be remembered as someone who made a difference…a significant if not small contribution to this world. I would like folks to know that I gave a damn about people, especially people who have not… To my knowledge, I am the only one in my family who has become a published author. I am the only male Boulware to have completed college, albeit, my sons have attended as well; the first of my grandmother’s male children to attend and graduate. Nothing has made me so proud as the look on her face when she saw me walk down that aisle at Girard College that day.
You see, I am the last of my kind…the last of the two-bloods. Many folks, including my family (teachers, neighbors, cousins, aunts, uncles, and such) had it in their minds that I’d never amount to much in this life. Well maybe I haven’t…but I can tell you this – I’ve successfully raised fine and successful sons through an equally successful marriage of nearly forty years, as well as becoming a proud and loving grandfather. None of them thought that I’d make it out of high school, let alone college. I wonder what they think of my so-called status now – what criticisms they have for me?

G.W.:
Wow, that’s heavy. Tell me, what you mean by the term ‘two-bloods?’ Explain to me what you mean by the last of your kind.

G.V.B.:
You see, its something that has probably happened many times in the south and taken for granted in the north; the cross breeding of two families. Take for example, you and I are buddies and I fall in love and marry your sister. You, in turn, fall in love and marry my sister. Get It? The two blood lines are now crossed and the arrival of children makes them the closest first cousins ever. The children become two-bloods by rights of the cross family marriages. The family name remains prominent and is shared across the two families. My grandfather is Boulware. My grandmother is Butler. Now, his sister becomes a Butler when she marries a Butler. My grandmother’s brother is George ‘Uncle Kutch’ Butler; his wife becomes a Butler who happens to be my grandfather’s sister. George Butler’s sister becomes a Boulware when she marries Ernest Boulware. Get it? So, I am the grandchild of a Boulware and a Butler. There are no other male children other than my cousin George ‘Butch’ Butler who are the bearers of the two bloodlines.

G.W.:
Fascinating… I’ve never thought of such a thing in my family. I wonder how many other families share that type of experience. Tell me, can you tell us about the talisman that hangs around your neck. I’ve noticed it in many of your online photo publishing’s.

G.V.B.:
Yeah, it’s the ‘Conch Shell.’ The conch is an emblem of power, authority and sovereignty whose blast is believed to banish evil spirits, averts natural disasters, and scare away poisonous creatures. My mother gave it to me when she arrived from her trip to Senegal West Africa. Upon researching its history, I’ve never taken it off since receiving it. It provides a sense of being connected to Mother Africa. My college friend William Brown, from The Berean Institute, went to Johannesburg with his brother and brought back some of the soil or ‘Red Earth’ for me. I keep it in a glass jar on my nightstand table next to my bed.

G.W.:
What about the wearing of the earring in your left ear?

G.V.B.:
Back in the day, Philly’s neighborhoods, specifically North, South, and West Philly; there were street gangs that thought the wearing of the earring was cool. It looked cool to many young Black men. Today, many of the white guys don the wearing of earrings as well. However, many of the sporting fellows don’t have a clue as to what and why the earring is worn. As history records the practice and belief in slavery, the slaves didn’t share in their owner’s pride of chattel. A method of resistance was established amongst the slave population. Some of this is explained in the ‘Maafa’ or ‘State of Bondage.’ The Maafa suggests that bondage for the ‘African American Descendent of Slaves’ has not ended. ‘Sankofa’ is the right of passage; the resistance. The meaning of Sankofa is to look to the past in order to know the future. The ‘Sankofa Bird’ is the remembering of how slavery came to be – the knowledge, truth, practice, belief, and remembrance of the African heritage and culture. The wearing of the ‘ring’ or earring in the left ear symbolizes the acknowledgement of the slave. So, in today’s lifestyles, the wearing of the earring has become a fashion statement. All of those guys who wear it in the right ear suggest something other than slavery – I don’t know what. You can make your best educated guess. Albeit, in Africa, the wearing of earrings in both ears was not frowned upon. I would hope that the young (and not so young) Black Men would get hep to this information and take that earring out of their right ears. They could all very well be given and getting the wrong type of attention and/or perception…just as they could quite possibly be portraying the wrong type of representation.

G.W.:
Do you think your works will make a difference to anyone?

G.V.B.:
I would certainly hope so… I mean having access to pertinent data or information could be a crucial piece of ammunition in and on the battlefield of lifestyles, careers, and employment. Is it better “to need and not have or to have and not need?”

G.W.:
Who are some of your favorite authors?

G.V.B.:
Oh my, there are so many… Asimov comes to mind almost immediately. Man, there is Dubois, Hughes, Dumas, Doyle, Robeson, Poe, Cosby, Harris, Singleton, Hayden, and so many others. I have no prejudices over who necessarily writes what, if its good work, I’m reading it. There is this one Brother who is most definitely profound. His name is Samuel F. Yette. He published a book that cost him his career, a teaching position at a university, and it got him blacklisted from other institutions. His publisher dropped him like a hot potato and pulled their publication support. He won back the rights of his written works and best seller in court. He was then able to republish and market the material on his own. The controversial but true text is titled “The Choice”: The Issue of Black Survival in America – The Extermination of the Black Man in America… It contains startling research and a genuine possibility of a series of government measures and proposals that appear to be leading America toward Black genocide. Drawing a wealth of fact and documentation, Mr. Yette lets us see White America through the eyes of Black America, and we learn why Blacks feel that the issue facing them is one of survival. You’ve all heard of the ‘Holocaust?’ Some denied its existence, yes? How many can deny slavery and the plan to get rid of useless and shiftless Black Folk who didn’t belong nor wanted in America?

Now, that’s a heavy and multi-profound book if ever I’ve read one. I would also recommend Harris Middleton’s ‘The Black Book’ as well. That’s a volume that will take you for a walk in that time of darkness for Black Folk in America.