“As The Clock Turns” ……They (intend to) deceive God and those who believe, while they deceive not but themselves, but they perceive (it) not. …In their heart is a disease and God increaseth their disease, for them is a painful chastisement, beware of the lie they were saying. …And when it is said unto them, “Make ye not mischief in the Earth” say they, “verily, we are only the well-doers – the peacemakers. Beware! Verily, they are the mischief mongers, but they perceive not. When it is said unto them, “Believe ye as the (other) people did believe, they say, “Shall we believe?” Beware! Verily, they are the fools, but they know not. And when they meet with those who believe, they say “We believe” but when they go apart to their devils, they say, “surely we are with you, verily, we did but mock.” These are they who purchase error for guidance, hence their transaction profitteth them not, neither are they guided aright. The likeness of them is like unto one who kindleth a fire, and when it lighteth all around him, God taketh away the light and leaveth them in darkness, they see not. They are deaf, dumb, and blind; hence they will return not from their darkness. “As The Clock Turns” – ‘The qualities of the hypocrites – their mischief and their false pride’
~ ‘Didn’t You Know I Was A Snake?’ ~
Gregory V. Boulware
Five former ‘Philadelphia Traffic Court judges Michael J. Sullivan, Michael Lowry, Robert Mulgrew, Willie Singletary and Thomasine Tynes defended by their Lawyers, have been charged and are on trial for conspiracy and fraud tied to a ticket-fixing conspiracy. An onslaught of more than 65 character witnesses testified in a little over two hours with many people speaking briefly about the judges on trial in the case. They include Mark A. Bruno, a suburban magistrate, and Robert Moy, a Chinatown court translator, who happen to also be charged in the case. How ironic?
Thomasine Tynes, 71, former President Judge of Philadelphia Traffic Court, pleaded guilty to pocketing a $2,000 Tiffany bracelet; given to her by an undercover agent who secretly taped the exchange as part of a sting; tearfully expressed sorrow during her testimony.
Tyron B. Ali, an undercover operative handed out cash and jewelry. Tynes received the jewelry, the other accused Democratic officials, took cash and remain under scrutiny of the Grand Jury. Tynes testified that she tried to return the bracelet three months after receiving it from Ali. She said that she was unable due to the fact that she could not locate Ali. She further stated that she could not find the object and on another occasion said she had returned the gift to Mr. Ali.
Ali taped Tynes as she promised to help him land a government contract.
In court, Tynes testified that she had tried and failed to give the bracelet back to Ali. Assistant District Attorney Mark Gilson, leading the sting reinvestigations, told the court that Tynes, in the taped conversation, called Ali three months after she accepted the bracelet telling him that she was under federal investigation. “The federal probe,” said Gilson, “prompted her to try and return the bracelet.” The Philadelphia grand jury recommended charges be brought against Judge Thomasine Tynes citing the fact that reporters from the Philadelphia Inquirer did indeed question her earlier this year, breaking the news of the federal undercover sting.
In a quote from The Inquirer’s article, the grand jury’s presentment noted that Tynes had “provided a series of evolving accounts of what she did with the bracelet” – ranging from saying she had returned it to saying she had lost track of it.
Her attorney, Louis Busico, worked out a plea deal with prosecutors. Garvin, a Republican from Chester County brought in to hear the case because of Tynes’ local ties, sentenced Tynes to up to 23 months in prison. But he agreed to make the sentence concurrent with her pending two-year federal term in an unrelated case.
Tynes pleaded guilty to a charge of conflict of interest, telling the judge, “All I can say is, I’m so sorry. . . . It was wrong and I recognize that.”
The judge noted that Pennsylvania Attorney General Kathleen G. Kane had declared that evidence against Tynes and four other Democratic officials implicated in the sting was too flawed to bring charges.
Common Pleas Court Judge Thomas Gavin told Tynes that she should have realized before accepting the gift at the Palm restaurant in Center City in 2011, “I’m sitting down to have lunch with a snake. Why am I doing that?”
He said, “Tynes will be remembered as someone who sat down with a snake – and got bit!”
“Obviously, today’s events in this case indicated that these supposedly unwinnable cases are very much winnable. But even if they weren’t, they needed to see the light of day so that the citizens of Philadelphia would have an understanding of who the elected officials were that they put in places of trust.”
District Attorney Seth Williams held the bracelet aloft on the day Tynes was arrested.
Busico, her attorney, told the judge that “this case started out horrifically” with officials who had engaged in “shameful conduct.”
In the end, though, Tynes’ plea delivered an important message: “She is not above the law, because she’s now held accountable.” Busico said.
A federal judge is to sentence her in December in connection with her conviction this year of lying to a grand jury about ticket-fixing at Traffic Court.
The plea represents a big win for District Attorney Seth Williams, who resurrected the sting investigation this summer after Attorney General Kathleen G. Kane shut down the probe – and then dared him to pursue it.
Kane secretly ended the initial investigation in bringing no charges and not informing the state Ethics Commission that the sting had allegedly caught Tynes and four state legislators on tape accepting cash or, in Tynes’ case, a $2,000 bracelet.
After The news by the Inquirer broke in March of the aborted operation, Kane vigorously defended her decision.
She blasted the sting’s “shoddy police work,” and said it was possibly tainted by ‘racial targeting’ and too reliant on a “shady” undercover agent. It was “dead on arrival,” she said.
“I said this from the very beginning – one conviction is all Seth Williams has to get to prove that there were people who broke the law and should have been punished,” Madonna said.
Political analyst and pollster G. Terry Madonna said Monday that Kane’s challenge to Williams had backfired.
“It is anticipated that more arrests of Philadelphia politicians will be made by the office of the Philadelphia District Attorney based, in part, from the cooperation of Thomasine Tynes,” stated her lawyer.
House arrest was sought by Busico who informed the federal judge that Tynes had agreed to plead guilty in the sting case and had testified before the Grand Jury, gathering evidence against the other four state lawmakers.
“Tynes had been unfairly manipulated by Ali, who gave her the bracelet during a meal at the Palm restaurant that he paid for as he lobbied her for help winning a contract to collect Traffic Court debts.” said Busico.
According to a tape secretly made by Ali, he toasted her: “To making some money together.”
“To making money,” Tynes was reported to quote.
Under Tynes’ deal with city prosecutors, they have agreed not to seek a sentence that adds any punishment to that meted out in federal court. Tynes could face up to 21 months in prison under sentencing guidelines.
The District Attorney’s Office also agreed to drop the other charges, including bribery, conspiracy, and failures to report the gift on financial-disclosure forms.
According to sources and investigative documents, the four Philadelphia Democrats caught on tape and the amount of money they pocketed are: State Reps. Ronald G. Waters, $8,250; Vanessa L. Brown, $5,000; Michelle Brownlee, $2,000; and Louise ‘Williams’ Bishop, $1,500.
Bishop’s attorney, A. Charles Peruto Jr., however, said that the evidence against her was too weak to support to criminal charges, let alone a conviction.
As for Tynes, Peruto said that Busico had struck a sensible deal for a client already convicted in another case. “She will not do another day” behind bars because of a second conviction, he said.
In his sentencing memo, Busico told U.S. District Judge Lawrence F. Stengel that her decision to cooperate “did forever destroy and terminate long-standing relationships with individuals she believed were her friends.” And as a result of the federal perjury conviction, Tynes is to lose the $68,000 annual pension accumulated during her quarter-century on the bench.
Busico submitted 30 letters praising her, including ones from former Gov. Ed Rendell and developer and Philadelphia music legend Kenny Gamble.
Rendell described Tynes as “a person who will help virtually anyone in need.”
“If she has made an error,” he wrote, “I believe it must have been in an effort to help people.”
Tynes was first elected to Traffic Court in 1989 and rose to become president judge before her retirement in 2012.
Along the way, she garnered accolades for her work with immigrants and efforts to explain the court’s work to the public – including a short-lived radio show, ‘Rappin’ With Judge Tynes.
As evidence of her good works, Busico also presented numerous news articles, including one from 2010 about how she had warned the public about the risks of not paying tickets.
Former Philadelphia Traffic Court Judge Thomasine Tynes was sentenced to two years in federal prison for perjury – “I didn’t invent the system at Traffic Court,” she said, explaining her role in the cronyism that brought down the court. “I went along to get along.”
“These guys were fixing tickets from square one,” said Louis R. Busico. “We got lucky at trial. The evidence was overwhelming.”
Their comments marked the first time any of Traffic Court’s former judges publicly acknowledged systemic ticket fixing since a federal jury acquitted five of them of fraud and conspiracy charges this year.
Tynes’ admission of the role she played in the court’s destruction came two weeks before she is scheduled to plead guilty in a separate corruption case… Before the proceedings began, the former judge, in a black dress and pearls, planted herself at the front of the courtroom, and greeted guests with smiles and hugs. She guided some to their seats like an usher at a funeral.
Later, Tynes’ longtime gynecologist, Richard Nemiroff, told the court that he believes she suffers from dementia, a condition that he said called into question her ability to perjure herself or know what she was doing when she accepted a bracelet at the center of the state case.
“It was not her particular style,” he said of the pricey bauble.
And before the hearing was through, federal prosecutors and their city counterparts took swings at each other in a prickly exchange over Tynes’ continued involvement in the local probe.
That case sprang from a statewide sting investigation that ‘allegedly’ caught Tynes and four state legislators on tape accepting cash or other bribes from the undercover informant.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Denise Wolf twisting in frustration as she questioned whether Tynes should get credit for her help in the state case.
“It’s almost like she’s not being punished there at all,” Wolf said.
Gilson snapped back, “I don’t agree with that.”
The back-and-forth appeared to have little effect on U.S. District Judge Lawrence F. Stengel as he weighed Tynes’ sentence for lying about ticket fixing. Instead, he listened attentively as Busico and Wolf offered vastly different characterizations of a woman who rose from an abusive childhood to become the first Black Woman to be named President Judge of Traffic Court.
“She has overcome sexism. She has overcome racism,” Busico said. “And when she was put in a prestigious position, she became an inspiration to a generation and a role model.”
Wolf, though, was loath to forgive Tynes for her crimes.
Quoting the words of State Rep. Vanessa Brown, caught on tape in the state corruption investigation, she described Tynes as a “cunning” rule-breaker – a woman who “likes to play ball” as long as “you make it worth her while.”
Tynes didn’t stop at fixing tickets and accepting a bracelet as a bribe, Wolf said.
Against a judge’s order, Tynes continued to contact her former secretary, a chief government witness, during her trial and at one point this year was investigated by federal authorities as defrauding a dead relative’s estate.
“Judge Tynes,” Wolf said, pausing to address the former judge. “We believe you need to go to jail for your criminal conduct.”
Ultimately, Stengel agreed. In addition to her prison term, he ordered Tynes to pay a $5,000 fine and gave her until Feb. 6 to begin serving her sentence.
But as she left the courtroom Thursday, Tynes refused to be defined by the actions that will land her in prison.
“There’s more to it than that,” she told a supporter. “I’ll write my own story.”
LET’S BE honest: This is going to raise some eyebrows.
Vanessa Lowery Brown, the indicted Democratic state representative scheduled for a preliminary hearing in her bribery case tomorrow, contacted police on Sunday and reported that someone had broken into her West Philadelphia rowhouse and stolen several of her belongings.
Brown’s state-issued laptop was among the items reportedly taken from her home, said Lt. John Walker, of Southwest Detectives.
Brown, 48, apparently noticed that something was amiss when she got home from work on Thursday night. Her house had been “disrupted,” Walker said, and a ladder was propped against the rear of her house, leading to a second-floor window.
In addition to the laptop, an iPad, a Nook tablet and some old phone records also were missing, she claimed.
Still, Brown didn’t report the alleged break-in to cops until Sunday.
“We get delayed reports once in a while,” Walker said. “She said she got home late [Thursday], then called some of her staffers on Friday morning and had them look at the house.”
“Maybe it was just a simple burglary. Then again, Watergate was just a burglary, too.”
The burglary tale adds another chapter to the bizarre story behind the bribery-related indictments of Brown, Waters and former Traffic Court Judge Thomasine Tynes.
The investigation into the local pols was launched in 2010 by then-Attorney General Tom Corbett, and later halted by his successor, Kathleen Kane, who cited multiple problems with the probe, including possible racial targeting. Brown is chairwoman of the Pennsylvania Legislative Black Caucus.
Williams said last month that both Brown and Waters admitted to the grand jury that they had accepted illegal cash payments from Ali.
Brown allegedly accepted $4,000. In one instance, she was caught on tape asking Ali, “What do you need me to do?” according to the grand jury.
An indictment and three separate informations, charge nine elected judges along with three other individuals in a fraud conspiracy that involved a frequent and pervasive “ticket-fixing” at the Philadelphia Traffic Court. The defendants participated in a widespread culture of giving breaks on traffic citations to friends, family, the politically connected, and business associates. The defendants include:
Michael J. Sullivan (sitting judge, traffic court)
Michael Lowry (sitting judge, traffic court)
Robert Mulgrew (former judge, traffic court)
Willie Singletary (former judge, traffic court)
Thomasine Tynes (former judge, traffic court)
Mark A. Bruno (Chester County Magisterial District)
Warren Hogeland (Bucks County Senior Magisterial District Judge)
Kenneth Miller (Delaware County Senior District Judge)
Fortunato N. Perri, Sr. (senior judge, traffic court)
William Hird (former Director of Records, traffic court)
Henry P. Alfano (local businessman)
Robert Moy (local businessman)
The 77-count indictment was announced by United States Attorney Zane David Memeger and Acting Special Agent in Charge John Brosnan.
According to the indictment, Philadelphia ward leaders, local politicians, and associates of the Democratic City Committee regularly contacted defendants seeking preferential treatment on specific tickets. Additionally, defendants were regularly contacted by family, friends, and associates seeking a “break” on tickets. These defendants accepted these requests and either gave the preferential treatment directly or communicated the request to another judge to whom the case was assigned.
Tickets were “fixed” by being dismissed, finding the ticket holder “not guilty,” or finding the ticket holder guilty of a lesser offense. In many cases, the ticket holder did not even appear in traffic court, yet his/her ticket was “fixed.” As a result, these ticketholders paid lesser or no fines and costs and evaded the assessment of “points” on their driver’s records. This widespread “ticket-fixing” defrauded both the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia of funds and allowed potentially unsafe drivers to remain on the roads.
The defendants allegedly used their personal assistants and courtroom staff to communicate requests to “fix tickets” to other judges. The indictment further alleges that the conspiracy also involved a cover-up that consisted of shredding paperwork, speaking in code, and trusting only certain individuals to carry out the fraud scheme.
Three judges—defendants Lowry, Mulgrew, and Tynes—are each charged with committing perjury before the federal grand jury. One judge—defendant Singletary—and defendant Hird are charged with lying to the FBI when they were approached and asked questions about ticket fixing at traffic court.
Defendant Henry P. Alfano regularly gave defendant Fortunato N. Perri, Sr. free auto repairs, free towing, free videos, and free seafood in exchange for fixing tickets.
According to the indictment, Alfano would give Perri traffic citation numbers, the names of offenders, or the actual citations to arrange fixing the ticket. Perri conveyed the information to William Hird.
Hird, in turn, conveyed the request to the assigned judge. Court-authorized, intercepted telephone conversations reveal that Perri prioritized assisting Alfano and Alfano made sure to take care of Perri. Perri told Alfano, “When you call, I move, brother, believe me. I move everybody.” After multiple free repairs on his cars and family members’ cars, Perri allegedly told Alfano their relationship was “becoming like a one-way street. I like a two-way street.” To which Alfano responded, “If I need something, you’re going to do it.”
Defendant Hird, it is alleged, was extremely loyal to Perri given that Perri helped Hird move up the ladder to a high-level administrator at traffic court. Recorded conversations demonstrate that Hird acceded to Perri’s requests to fix certain tickets. Given Hird’s position at traffic court and access to the judges, Hird was allegedly able to facilitate requests for ticket fixing not only for Perri, but also for various Philadelphia ward leaders.
Defendant Michael J. Sullivan, in addition to requests from ward leaders, also assisted friends and customers of his bar, the Fireside Tavern. According to the indictment, Sullivan directed associates who wanted their tickets fixed to leave them at his tavern where they were placed in a box behind the bar. Defendant Sullivan would assure his associates that the ticket would be fixed. In one recorded call, Sullivan told a ticket holder, “I know you’re broke” and “It don’t matter which judge would be hearing the case, because you’re good,” meaning the fix was conveyed.
Defendant Willie Singletary and Thomasine Tynes allegedly “fixed tickets on behalf of defendant Robert Moy,” who owned Number One Translations, a business located in Philadelphia. Moy, it is alleged, would guarantee paying customers favorable results on their traffic court citations based on his relationship with both Singletary and Tynes. According to the indictment, Moy even advertised in a local newspaper that he “tackles the traffic ticket and guarantees no points or fewer points.” Ticket holders took their citations to defendant Moy, paid Moy hundreds of dollars in cash, were instructed not to appear in traffic court, and ultimately were found not guilty by either Tynes or Singletary.
In addition to the conspiracy charging a longstanding and widespread practice of fixing tickets, the indictment specifically lists 50 separate citations as being fixed. These tickets involved driving at unsafe speeds, driving an unregistered vehicle, texting while driving, operating an ATV on the highway, running a red light, making a prohibited U-turn, careless driving, not using a child safety restraint, and towing a vehicle without a towing agreement, among others. Ye these ticket holders unjustly incurred no penalties for their vehicle code violations.
“Our judicial system requires that the finder of fa said Memeger. “Ignoring this basic rule of justice, the judges in this case allegedly ct determine guilt or innocence impartially,”routinely fixed traffic tickets by giving preferential treatment to people with whom they were politically and socially connected. In addition to depriving the city of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania of funds rightfully owed by traffic violators, their allegedly corrupt conduct also undermined the confidence that law abiding citizens have in the Philadelphia Court System. Those who seek to game the system by refusing to follow the rules need to be held accountable by the rule of law they swore to uphold.”
“The citizens of Philadelphia expect and deserve public officials who perform their duties free of deceit, favoritism, bias, self-enrichment, concealment, and conflict of interest,” said Brosnan. “Everyone is entitled to the same treatment in traffic court, regardless of their personal relationships, regardless of political considerations, and regardless of the personal preferences of court officials.”
The moneys that would have been received from adjudicated citations would have been equally divided between the city of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and used to fund, for example, the city of Philadelphia’s general fund; the Philadelphia Parking Authority; the First Judicial District’s procurement department; the funds lost to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania would have paid for Emergency Medical Services training; MCARE, which helps compensate people injured by medical malpractice; and the Access to Justice Fund, which provides money for legal aid for low income people and victims of domestic violence.
A Philadelphia Election Board worker was arrested on Tuesday for allegedly tampering with voting machines and electioneering inside the polls.
In quick response, Pennsylvania GOP’s Philadelphia area Executive Director Joe DeFelice commented on the arrest.
“This is not surprising to us in the least,” said DeFelice. “Such voter fraud and tampering has been an ongoing problem in Philadelphia for decades.”
The press release from the PA GOP was entitled, “No Kidding.”
“The Election Board is the first line in providing free and fair elections, and unfortunately, this is where we see the majority of our election-related issues.
“How can voters feel confident that their votes are being counted – and how can we ensure the integrity of any election – if we allow this type of tampering and fraud to continue in Philadelphia? And how can we curb this problem if our inspectors aren’t even allowed inside the building?” DeFelice said.
The voter fraud issue in Pennsylvania has largely been focused on personal voter fraud and not so much on the integrity of Election Board workers. But DeFelice claims that biased opinions and corruption are rampant in Philadelphia polling places.
“Consider that in 2012 in Philadelphia, the Republican Party of PA, under my leadership, appointed 300 Minority Inspectors in divisions with few Republicans. Of the 300 Minority Inspectors, 100 were denied entry to polling places and subjected to racial intimidation despite having a Court Orders signed by President Judge Pam Dembe. National news outlets, as well as local, highlighted these stories prominently and it is this coverage that forced the General Assembly to hold election reform hearings in the State Government Committee specifically dealing with Election Board issues in Philadelphia.”
This type of voter fraud is more common across the country than impersonation fraud which is the type of crime that Voter ID laws aim to prevent.
“What today’s indictment confirms is what people who are serious about in-person election fraud have long known: actual fraud is rare, small in scale, patently obvious, and completely ineffective. Most importantly, it has nothing to do with whether voters are carrying photo IDs,” political law expert Adam Bonin told PoliticsPA.
“I’m glad to have participated with Mr. DeFelice in bipartisan efforts with Judge Dembe over the past year-plus to streamline the process for filling vacancies on election board, clarifying who has the legal right to sit on these boards, and to help ensure our elections are run safely and fairly.”
“The Jewel In Our Community” :
…would have/has turned One Hundred and Sixteen Years Old. It was founded in 1899 on the original site of 1901 Girard Avenue, in the heart of North Philadelphia. The Rev. Matthew W. Anderson, one of the first Black Graduates of Princeton University developed a school for the economically disenfranchised masses of Southern Blacks who migrated to the North in droves without the education, economical savvy or political clout it took to prosper in the predominantly white power structures of the country’s northern cities.
“I’ll Write My Own Story.”
Oh how ironic… Albeit, Judge Tynes’ name will go down in the cockles of history as being the ‘First Black Woman to serve on the court system, the traffic bench, in Philadelphia, the record will show a terribly dark stain alongside. She will be remembered as the first Black Female Philadelphia Judge to fall and go to jail as well. The lists of “Black Firsts,” (Jessie Carney Smith), will, I think, not be so honored by such a reputation. However, one that would serve us well is:
Jane Matilda Bolin, born on April 11, 1908 in the New York suburb of Poughkeepsie. One of four children, her father, Gaius Bolin was the first graduate of the liberal Williams College and a prominent black lawyer and her mother, Matilda Emery, was a white British woman.
America’s First Black Female Judge:
In a speech in 1958, Bolin discussed women’s struggle for equal rights:
“Those gains we have made were never graciously and generously granted,” she said. “We had to fight every inch of the way, in the face of sometimes insufferable humiliations.”
In 1939, the renowned Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia appointed Jane Bolin, a family law court judge, thus making her the First Black Woman in America to sit on the bench. Her swearing-in ceremony made news around the world. She served in that position for forty years.
‘There was once an old lady… who found a near dead snake along the roadway. The old woman being a loving sort, a great love for animals, decided to lend aid to the dying creature. She picked up the snake and carried it home. She fed and nursed it back to health. The snake thrived and grew strong. He was back in good health once again thanks to the old lady. He felt no gratitude or dedication to his savior. He felt no appreciation for the God given grace of goodness and faith in the name of justice and fair play. He felt no appreciation of the fact that also owed his life to the loving and giving old lady.
The day came to pass when he felt that he no longer needed the aid and support of this righteous benefactor. He became demanding and ever so impatient. He was naturally greedy and hateful. His selfishness warranted his every decision. He demanded that the old lady go out and get him some food. She replied, “Dear Friend, we have all the food we need right here at home.” The answer wasn’t satisfactory. His demands increased and she complied.
Upon her returning home and delivering the requested items, the snake reached out and bit her on the right arm. He was a poisonous snake. He was that of many bands of color.
“Red Next To Black, Friend to Jack – Red and Yellow, Kill A Fellow!”
“Why did you do that friend? Did I not do everything you’ve asked of me? Did I not serve you well? Have I not saved your life and brought you back to health? Why do you wish to hurt me?” asked the old lady.
He answered, “You knew I was a snake in the first place, didn’t you? You learned my name is ‘Tyrone,’ and you know that you can’t trust everything and everyone you meet along the way…I bit you because I am a snake and that’s what I do…my name is ‘Tyrone B;’ capital B for bite. And my bite is one of poison!”
…The old lady, self-beguiled, and embarrassed, fell down and died.’
Before ‘I’ was deemed guilty by the then Honorable Judge ‘Thomasine Tynes, ’in a Philadelphia Traffic Court, for crossing a double-yellow line in Germantown on Germantown Avenue a few years back. The issuing officer happened to be a corporal who did not see the offense committed by another driver who blatantly caused a traffic tie-up. My explanation of the events were not accepted because the officer was “not having this sort of thing on my watch,” and a supervisor “And could not possibly be wrong in his judgment!” Therefore, I was to pay the one-hundred dollar fine.
We’ve had reason, the judge and I, to cross paths again when she attended a fund raising and celebration event held by my ‘Alma Mater’ the ‘Berean Institute College of Management and Technology, 1901 W. Girard Avenue.’ I asked her while assisting in her descent from the celebrity and guest speaking podium about my traffic fine, she dismissed it as ‘all in the line of duty’ while not remembering the case or me. She did hold my respect and admiration…regardless of her incorrect decision at that particular time.
Til Next Time…
Sources and Acknowledgements:
‘It’s Not Too Late To Do The Right Thing’
‘What Defines a Republican, a Democrat, a Politician, or a Statesman?’
What is a ‘Republic’ as opposed to a ‘Democracy?’
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