Tag Archive: Latinas


 

~”Counterfeit Protections”~

By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

‘The Beat Goes On – The Bull of Healthcare Reform…’

“In Pennsylvania, If A Republican-Backed Bill Purports to positively Impact Women’s Health, Preserve Women’s Rights or Protect Religious Liberty, It Likely Doesn’t Intend To Do Any Of Those Things”
~T.M./P.W.~

 

Planned Parenthood has been spoken of in numerous articles, journals, and various reports as well. This reporter has condemned the organization in its role concerning abortions and/or abortion control; as a major player and or contributor in the history of the “MAAFA.”
“A term (Swahili) used to describe the history and ongoing effects of atrocities inflicted on African people.”
http://blackhistory.com/content/273292/maafa-life-after-conquest

Records also show how the 2011 regime provided ‘STD’ care for more than 120,000 men and women in this locale alone. They’ve provided approximately 200,000 ‘STD’ tests along with over 40,000 cervical-cancer screenings while detecting about 5 to 6,000 abnormal PAP tests. Untreated abnormal cells often lead to cancer.

More records show, according to the organization, that about 95 percent of their provided services are of a preventive nature. Harrisburg republicans want to do away with the healthcare benefits that many of the group’s patients depend upon. They have already made it more than difficult for low-income women to have accessibility to the much needed medical services. Obtaining a legal abortion has become nearly an impossibility with such mean-spirited opposition. Thousands of Pennsylvanians have depended and relied upon Planned Parenthood and other affordable health care providers and facilities that are threatened by detrimental state bills offered by the minions of the state’s G.O.P. members and supporters.

One such patient who offered testimony, spoke with reporters and the writer of the story which appeared in the ‘Philadelphia Weekly’ (‘PW’). It was called “How To Spot A Counterfeit.” The article was published June 13-19, 2012. Tara Murtha recorded the sufferings of patients, particularly one who could not afford one hundred and fifty dollars a year, let alone a whole month.
“They saved my life!” The woman went on to say that being unable to meet many of the financial hurdles, paying ten dollars and getting all the needed literature concerning lumps in the breast and such, really makes the clinic “A One-Stop Shop!”

In pointing out the masquerading republican-backed bill, ‘Tara’ said she wouldn’t be surprised to hear about another bill purportedly in support of women’s health.
“I wouldn’t be at all surprised to hear about republican-backed resolution to rename the ‘Uterus’ to “Our-terous!”

Another point made by Tara caused me to smile to myself as well.
“Spotting Counterfeit Bills can get confusing. However, one doesn’t have to follow politics closely to learn how to detect a fake when one crosses the path!”

The article mentions a ‘Butler County Representative’ who attempted to smuggle in a most vile and horrible bill of goods with his fake attempt at ‘giving a damn about poor-people’s health.’
Does the name ‘Daryl Metcalfe,’ Republican, ring a bell?
Murtha also says he introduced a bill that would sever all state funding to health care centers across the Pennsylvania that provide aboration services.

Didn’t this guy know that Pennsylvania Law had already prohibited state funding for abortions in 2012? It’s currently 2017. I really wonder if he knows what time it is?

They continually attack President Obama and all of the many good things he has done and the numerous programs that have been implemented in support of “The People – All People” across the board. One such action is the constant brow beating use of the term “Obamacare!”
There’s no such thing – it’s correctly titled “The Affordable-Care-Act!”
It’s not perfect…it’s nowhere near perfect, but its a step in the right direction. People who have never had coverage before, were enabled with the ability to access health care for the first time for themselves and their families.

This guy actually attempted to peddle a fake bill of goods; disguising the hatred held for poor and needy constituents across the state, especially those who reside in the city; that are just another “Counterfeit Bill!”
Records indicate that particular introduction is simply one of many fake bills or impostors launched by politicians who lie and pretend to give-a-shit about the health of poor people, let alone poor women and children in Pennsylvania or nation-wide for that matter. All they want to do is demolish, destroy, ridicule Barack Obama, The Black Man, erase, and take back poor folks’ access to health care; any form of prosperity, and name-bash ‘our President’s Legacy’ with terms like ‘Obamacare,’ a.k.a.,

“Let’s Take Back Our Country – Let’s Take Back America!”

Remember the “Susan B. Anthony List?” It’s a ‘pro-life’ political-action-committee, and the “Alliance Defense Fund,”…A Christian Group. It was they who wrote the boiler plate ‘fill-in-the-state-name’ legislation for Metcalfe’s bill, according to the ‘PW’ publishing.

“Women’s Health Funding Priorities Act,” is/was the name of the proposed bill. Many have asked themselves who it was that actually penned the way it was written.
“Agenda-Driven Shills” rarely bother to write their own proposals. Its usually the back drop operation of special interests groups or other lobbyists with personal desires, political or otherwise.

The defunding of PAP smears, cervical cancer screenings, birth control, and STD screenings in order to shut down abortion clinics and serivces is not prioritzing anything except “A War of Cultures.”

Moving right along… In case you were wondering about this guy Metcalfe…its been said that he is or at least was well-known throughout Pennsylvania (I’ve never heard of him) State as a vehement social conservative who certainly held little to no prior interest in women’s health nor the health of poor people, Black, White, or otherwise.

Seeing or realizing who it is that’s standing next to or in support of whom it is that proposes harmful legislation is what’s described as the next step in recognizing a counterfit bill.
One such individual, says, Murtha, was ‘Diane Gramley,’ a spokesperson for the Pennsylvania chapter of the ‘Mississippi-Based-American-Family-Association (AFA). The groups mission is to solidly stand up for “Traditional Judeo-Christian Values!” The group’s website featured a section regarding a so-called “Homosexual Agenda.”:

American Family Association
(Not to be confused with American Family Foundation)

The American Family Association (AFA) is a non-profit organization based in the United States that promotes fundamentalist Christian values. It opposes same-sex marriage, pornography, and abortion. It also takes a position on a variety of other public policy goals and has lobbied against the Employee Free Choice Act.It was founded in 1977 by Donald Wildmon as the National Federation for Decency and is headquartered in Tupelo, Mississippi.
The AFA defined itself as “a Christian organization promoting the biblical ethic of decency in American society with primary emphasis on television and other media,” later switching their stated emphasis to “moral issues that impact the family.” It engages in activism efforts, including boycotts, buycotts, action alert emails, publications on the AFA’s web sites or in the AFA Journal, broadcasts on American Family Radio, and lobbying.The organization is accredited by the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA) and posted a 2011 budget of over US$16 million. AFA owns 200 American Family Radio stations in 33 states, seven affiliate stations in seven states, and one affiliate TV station (KAZQ) in New Mexico.
AFA has been listed as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) as of November 2010 for the “propagation of known falsehoods” and the use of “demonizing propaganda” against LGBT people.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Family_Association

Several reports indicate the ‘AFA’ is a hate group. The non-profit Civil Rights Organization, “Southern Poverty Law center,” was adamant in its condemnation of the group and groups like it.

Another woman spoke with Tara explaining that she was “a poor kid who came from poor kids.” Its not science fiction to realize the non-existence of health insurance and/or doctor visits of poor folks. And still, another woman stepped forward to add her experience and opinion.
“My name is ‘Sara-Anne.’ I live and work in ‘Philly.’ While in college, I traveled from school to the Planned Parenthood Facility in Center City. I made my trips to get the annual check-up and PAP smears that so many women rely on. Hell, everyone I knew on campus traveled down to center city to get thier examinations and treatments.”

The other person standing with Metcalfe was the bill’s co-sponser and Republican State Representative, Kathy Rapp. She represented ‘Forest,’ ‘McKean,’ and ‘Warren Counties.’
Often times, many people who reside within the city, pay little to no attention to what’s happening in the rural regions and counties. They…we often pass it off as “white-folks’ business.”
Well, I’m here to tell you…paying attention to “white-folks’ business” is one of the main reasons why the sitting president is sitting today!

Rapp represented ‘big-wig’ lobbying groups like “Americans United For Life.” It was she who sponsored their agenda for a mandatory “Transvaginal Ultrasound Bill.” They called it “The Women’s-Right-To-Know-Act.”
The inventors and supporters of this notorious bill could not even answer simple questions about it, not to mention its inaccuracy.
The mule who happens to be female, is often the one designated to smuggle in the ill-minded goods.

Now what happened next, says Tara, “is one hell-of-a-white-hot-clue in thier witless cause…was the invoking of the name of one vile, degenerate, notoriously evil, and insidious creature, ‘Dr. Kermit Gosnell, worth mentioning?

Gosnell was charged, tried, and convicted in the deaths of seven babies and a woman in his “run-down, filthy, and diseased riddled clinic in west-philly. He was labled as “America’s First Serial Baby-Killer!” He was also, however, called ‘the patron saint’ of the anti-choice activists.
Apparently, the shady right-wing lawmakers are more than willing to slap Gosnell’s name onto laws designed at making access to clean and safe abortion services even more difficult than ever before. These types of actions actually increase the odds of another ‘Gosnell-like-black-market-butcher-shop to move into poor neighborhoods, setting up shop, and becoming entrenched while preying upon the needs of poor and desperate women.

Diane Gramley did not speak of ‘STD’ screenings or cervical examinations. She slid along the path of “who are you going to believe, me or your lying eyes?” She did that when she spoke of “zygotes and fetuses.”
“What would have happened to us if we’d killed the one baby who would have found the cure for cancer?”
Gramley seemingly forgot about co-hort Bryan Fischer, the man who announced with staunch brashness, “God will cure Aids When Gays Stop Having Sex!”

…Yeah, okay, tell me another one. Like Tara, I’m also waiting for the next counterfeit bill. We all know they’re not far behind.

The one thing that is assuredly clear is the fact that these “Anti-Healthcare Agents” have taken away the tranquil reassurances of current healthcare coverage with their constant cries and no solutions. …And when they do come up with one or two, their ‘Dead Wrong!’

Tranquil you might ask? …Well, maybe not so tranquil with the way the current insurance coverage system is functioning, but coverage non-the-less!

“The Affordable HealthCare Act” continues to be a fledgling flying in the right direction…until it is completely and utterly fixed, once and for all by and for – ‘ALL AMERICANS, NATIVE and IMMIGRANT ALIKE!
Tearing it up, ripping it all apart, and/or destroying it entirely is not the answer. The only solution is to slowly, correctly, and methodically operate and suture the wounds seeping impurities of difficult implementations due to improper communication, wasteful and in-appropriate financial practices or accommodations.

The question remains…why can’t America get its act together – why can’t America insure it’s people; all of them; just like any other contemporary nation of planet Earth?

And still today…they argue, fight, and cuss over something that none of them truly understand (because they; the politicians; have life-time-permanent healthcare). Maybe one of these days, they’ll get it right, hopefully before we all die off. The only ones who actually benefit are the insurance companies and their compatriots…they sit and grin and get paid while the silly politicians, do what silly politicians do while they get paid as well…doing absolutely nothing!

What they ought to do is what my Grandmother used to say…

 

“If You Don’t Know, Ask Someone!

 

Til Next Time…

 

‘G’
http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

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‘Healthcare Reform: “Old Time Politics – Again”‘
By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2017/07/15/healthcare-reform-old-time-politics-again/

“Red Next To Black, Friend to Jack – Red and Yellow, Kill A Fellow!”

“The ‘Healthcare Bill’ projected by the GOP, will surely kill many people!”

Brother ‘Obama’ spoke straight from the heart — directly to Republicans steamrolling the demise of the so-called “Obamacare.”

“Public service is not about sport or notching a political win…It’s to make people’s lives better, not worse!”
~President Barack Obama~
http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?blog_id=325994&cid=10

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“Preventing Trump’s Wars”
By
Rick Cooley
https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/5123004/posts/1528712520

“In recent weeks, we’ve witnessed typical DC turmoil regarding both President Trump’s Administration and the GOP dominated Congress. News seems to center around three main areas – the Russian/election tampering/Trump campaign alleged collusion dealing with last fall’s election, the Senate’s continuing attempts to make a mess of the American health care system and President Trump’s somewhat contradictory attempts to show international leadership while withdrawing from major international commitments at the same time.

These aforementioned circumstances have served very nicely to give Donald Trump pretty much a blank check to do as he wishes with regard to our military adventures abroad. In the wake of the terrorist attacks on this country on 9/11/01, Congress took action passing legislation giving the George W. Bush Administration great leeway to deal with the aftermath of the death and destruction wreaked on the Twin Towers, the Pentagon and rural Pennsylvania by Al Qaeda on 9//11. Homeland Security was formed. Afghanistan and Iraq were invaded. Trillions have been spent. Thousands of Americans have been killed with many thousands more wounded. Untold numbers of people in Iraq and Afghanistan – many innocent civilian men, women and children – also became casualties.”
(More):
https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/5123004/posts/1528712520

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“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

https://twitter.com/hashtag/BoulwareBooks?src=hash

 

 

‘WINNSBORO’

CottonPlantation_2.16.16

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

 

 

Winnsboro, South Carolina:

 

“Winnsboro Cotton Mill Blues,” an industrial folk song of the 1930s with lyrics typical of the Blues, refers to working in a cotton mill in this city. Textile mills were constructed in the area beginning in the late 19th century and originally workers were restricted to whites. The song developed after the textile mill had been converted to a tire manufacturing plant, reflecting the widespread expansion of the auto industry. The song has been sung by ‘Lead Belly,’ Pete Seeger, and other artists. It was the basis of one of the ballads by modernist composer/pianist Frederic Rzewski in his Four North American Ballads for solo piano, completed in 1979.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

 

Earth shifting of Equinox and Conscious Enlightenment and the “Awakening of the Black Hebrew Tribes of Judah”

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?blog_id=287852&cid=10

 

‘7th Angel Chronicles’ just commented on a post entitled “King David, Immoral Consensus Being Incited by Satan to Number the Tribes of Israel?”

In Chronicles 1 and 2 on Black In America.com.

To view this response and post your own comments visit:

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?cid=10&blog_id=290619

 

New trial sought for SC boy, 14, executed in 1944

Associated Press

By

JEFFREY COLLINS

http://news.yahoo.com/trial-sought-sc-boy-14-executed-1944-172035983.html

 

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My Mother spoke to me of the reason why my ‘Grandfather’ had been shipped up north to ‘Pittsburgh, Pa.’ back in the day. The conversation only arose due to the fact that I’ve seen a photo of my Grandfather when he was somewhere around the age of six or seven years of age. My cousin, who is my mother’s first cousin, is in possession of many photos of the ‘Boulware-Butler Clan’ from way back before I was born. That would be well over sixty years back…

 

Now, in this particular photo, the little boy was playing around some nice looking automobiles that were parked in what appeared to be a ‘well-to-do-community.’ That community was supposedly in the south.

 

I also asked, “Ma how is it possible that “Buster” was sent up north to ‘Pittsburgh’ by ‘Ma-Sweet,’ while attending high-school in the south along with my ‘Grandmother’ and my Grand-Aunts and Uncles?”

 

My Mother explained that my Grandfather had been sent up north (from “The Hot LZ”) for some unknown reason but assumed, for his safety. Apparently there had been a string of ‘lynching’s’ going on and she wanted him out of the state, out of the south.

 

In the late 19th century after white Democrats regained control of state legislatures in the South, they passed laws establishing racial segregation of public facilities and disfranchising Blacks, excluding them from the political system.

My Grandmother never spoke much about what went on back in those days. There were many family secrets afoot. It is one of the fallacies of my family, the failure of disclosing stories surrounding our family tree. In the currently in production and soon to be released book, “BOULWARE*BUTLER” a Two-Blood Legacy; this being one of the story’s enclosed within the pages of ‘CHRONICLED.’

 

I don’t know what life was like back in ole’ ‘Winnsboro, S.C.,’ but I sure would have liked for someone in the family to have pasted on the history. Five Generations of Boulware-Butler Kinsmen have survived from the trek north. From Winnsboro, South Carolina to Baltimore, Md., parts of Delaware, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and New Haven, Connecticut leaves a trail of family members known and unknown.

 

For what-ever reason he had to leave, he sure as hell did make it back down to the south to attend high school where he met my Grandmother. The story that I am most familiar with is the one that began in the ‘Holmesburg’ section of Philadelphia as well as all the folks from ‘Baltimore.’

 

In Holmesburg, my Momma and her cousins were reputed to be the finest looking young ladies in the neighborhood. I’ve been told by family members that the four Boulware-Butler Girls were the most popular from the high school groups to all of the local sock-hop, Bop, and Slop Parties in and of the surrounding area of Philly’s “In-Crowd.” They used to get chased out of and from within the walls of the old “Green-Tree Bar” on the corner of ‘Welsh Road and Frankford Avenue.’ The family house remains to this day on Frankford Avenue. The first of the two used to be an old single three story Tudor looking structure with what looked like a steeple for an attic. It was spooky looking at night. The perfect ‘Halloween’ house. The old house used to stand way back near the ‘Rail-Road Tracks’ near the ole general store which was down yonder the rail apiece. The house even had its own “Out-House” as well. We as kids, used to play in it and catch spiders and such. The house and the ‘out-house’ are long-gone. A bunch of horse stables and smaller houses are the replacement.

 

‘Rosa (Rose, my Mother), Geraldine, Bertha, and Ernestine (Cousins),’ were simply known as “The Original Butt-Sisters of Holmesburg, PA!” Our ‘Uncle Kutch,’ used to chase them home from hanging out at or near the bar, and off the street. He knew how popular the family girls were to the neighborhood boys. He didn’t much like “His Girls” being so popular and chased after. But we all knew how proud he always was.

 

From “Mamma-Kitty” on down to my “Youngest Grandchild,” (and Our Descendents beyond Them) this article and the forthcoming book chronicles five generations of ‘Boulware-Butler Descendents’ from the South (“The Hot LZ”) to the North American Transplant.

 

The text therein will also attempt to link the connection with the ‘Indigenous People’ of that South Carolina Community in light of rumors and / or stories of “Our Indian Family Members!”

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Message from the Mayor:

 

Welcome to the official website of the Town of Winnsboro, South Carolina. Often referred to as the “Charleston of the Upcountry”, Winnsboro, located in the upper Piedmont region, was named in honor of the Winn family, and abounds with historic and architecturally interesting homes and buildings. We invite you to explore our website and learn about the historic Fairfield County Courthouse, the Town Clock, the Fairfield County Museum, and more. Important forms and government information is also available for your convenience.

 

County:

Fairfield County is located in the Midlands region of South Carolina. It is uniquely positioned halfway between New York and Miami. The total area of the county is 687 square miles. The county seat, which is the Town of Winnsboro, is less than one hour’s drive from the Douglas International Airport and upscale shopping offered in Charlotte, North Carolina, and less than one half hour’s drive to South Carolina’s capitol city of Columbia and the State’s flagship University, the University of South Carolina. Fairfield County has the very unique advantage of being located within close proximity to urban areas and their amenities, while offering all of the benefits of a rural county. With a total area of 687 square miles, two recreational lakes encompassing more than 20,700 acres, 11,080 acres of the Sumter National Forest and small town charm with historical significance during the Revolutionary War, Winnsboro allows for a relaxing pace of life with the hustle and bustle of larger metropolitan areas close at hand.

 

Higher Education:

There are no institutions of higher education in Fairfield County, but in just a short thirty minute drive away are several colleges and universities in the Columbia area. The state’s flagship university, the University of South Carolina is located in the heart of downtown Columbia. There are nine colleges and universities in the Columbia area including the University of South Carolina, Midlands Technical College, Allen University, Benedict College, Columbia College, Columbia International University, Columbia Junior College, South University and Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary. Also located close by are the Central Carolina Technical College in Sumter and Newberry College in Newberry.

 

Director Building and Zoning

Physical Address: 403 South Vanderhorst St.

Winnsboro, S.C. 29180

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 209, Winnsboro, S.C. 29180

(803) 635-6521 office (803) 635-3697 fax

winnsborostreets@truvista.net

7:30 am to 4:00 pm Monday-Friday

 

The Office of Zoning Administration ensures compliance to the Town of Winnsboro’s Zoning Ordinance. The Zoning Administrator reviews zoning request and schedules public hearings, permits signs, reviews plans to ensure compliance to zoning land use regulations, and enforces all provisions in the Zoning Ordinance.

 

Town Council, District #1

PO Box 209, Winnsboro SC 29180

danmiller@truvista.net  

(One Black Man on an all-white cabinet)

 

Roger Gaddy, M.D.

Mayor

 

Anne Stewart

Clerk to Council

PO Box 209, Winnsboro SC 29180  

annestewart@truvista.net  

or

(803)635-6364

or

(803) 635-3333 ext. 1

Schedules reservations for the Old Armory, Clerk to Town Council.

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Tourist Section:

A town for all times

 

A “Town for All Times”, Winnsboro is nestled in Fairfield County, South Carolina. Dating back to the mid 1700’s, the Town of Winnsboro is rich in history from the American Revolution through present day. Winnsboro is approximately 30 miles from the State Capitol with easy driving time into Columbia, S.C. and Charlotte, N.C. We are located in the Midlands of South Carolina.

 

Winnsboro has a population of about 4,000, who enjoy the beauty of antebellum homes and great recreational facilities.

Winnsboro is truly a “Town for All Times” with small town southern hospitality and modern day amenities.

 

Places listed on the National Register of Historic Places for Winnsboro range from an Archaic period archeological site, to structures and districts spanning the European-American/African-American history of the city, as in the following list:

 

Albion, Balwearie, Blair Mound, Dr. Walter Brice House and Office, Concord Presbyterian Church, Furman Institution Faculty Residence, Hunstanton, Ketchin Building, Bob Lemmon House, Liberty Universalist Church and Feasterville Academy Historic District, McMeekin Rock Shelter, Mount Olivet Presbyterian Church, New Hope A.R.P. Church and Session House, Old Stone House, Rockton and Rion Railroad Historic District, Rural Point, Shivar Springs Bottling Company Cisterns, The Oaks, Tocaland, White Oak Historic District, and the Winnsboro Historic District are listed.

 

In the late 19th century after white Democrats regained control of state legislatures in the South, they passed laws establishing racial segregation of public facilities and disfranchising blacks, excluding them from the political system.

In 1960 in the United States Supreme Court decision of Boynton v. Virginia, the court ruled that racial segregation was unconstitutional in interstate bus stations, restaurants, and bathrooms and on buses, as these were covered by constitutional protections of free interstate commerce. The African American Civil Rights Movement had begun to use public demonstrations and events to build public awareness.

In 1961, CORE decided to test the bus ruling by sending Mixed Racial Groups of Freedom Riders to ride interstate buses and use facilities in the Segregated Southern United States to challenge practices related to segregation of buses and bus stations. They intended to travel through the Deep South and end at New Orleans. They were met by increasing violence as they went south. Winnsboro was one of the cities where some Freedom Riders were beaten by local whites and arrested by local officials. One was rescued by a local African-American man while outrunning a white mob.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

 

 

Native / Indigenous American Connection:

 

Beaver Creek Indians, Edisto Natchez-Kusso Indians, Pee Dee Nation of Upper South Carolina, Pee Dee Tribe of South Carolina, Santee Indian Organization (formerly White Oak Indian Community), Waccamaw Indian People, Wassamasaw Tribe of Varnertown Indians, Chaloklowa Chickasaw Indian People, Eastern Cherokee, Southern Iroquois and United Tribes of South Carolina, Inc., (also known as Cherokee Indian Tribe of South Carolina aor ECSIUT), Natchez Indian Tribe, Pee Dee Indian nation of Beaver Creek, and Piedmont Ameriacan Indian Association of South Carolina.

 

Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of South Carolina, at least for a short time. The following tribal names have been suggested as having resided in South Carolina, but no documentation for their contact with this state has been identified.

 

Cherokee – Iroquaian, Siouan, Muskhogean and Algonquain Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw.

 

Winnsboro has a population of about 4,000, who enjoy the beauty of antebellum homes and great recreational facilities.

Winnsboro is truly a “Town for All Times” with small town southern hospitality and modern day amenities.

 

https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_South_Carolina

Tribes and Bands of South Carolina

A list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled by John R. Swanton in his The Indian Tribes of North America[1] Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became South

Carolina. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. And some may simply be variant spellings.

 

Catawba, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Congaree, Creek, Cusabo, Eno, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pedee, Saluda, Santee, Sewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Winyaw, Yamasee, and Yuchi.

 

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

 

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

 

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size.

Sometimes, especially during the later policy of “termination,” the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

 

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America, the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[3], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

 

Reservation Map – South Carolina – Indian Reservations – Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

 

¦Catawba Reservation, State, Tribe: Catawba

Records

A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:

 

¦Catawba Indian Records: The Second Census of the Catawba Indians and Other Miscellaneous Records. MSS. FHL Book 970.3

C281c

¦The Never-ending Road: American Roma (Gypsy), Travellers, & “Others”: Early Native American Indian Remnants & Other SC

Ethnic Groups.

Family History Library

The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in South Carolina in the colonial era.

 

¦The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, Red Carolinians

(Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940) FHL book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5

¦To access other documents and histories of Indians in South Carolina available through the Family History Library, use the Place-names search at the Family History Library Catalog for:

SOUTH CAROLINA – NATIVE RACES SOUTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY] – NATIVE RACES

 

Web Sites:

Carolina Indian Heritage Association South Carolina’s Information Highway (SCIWAY) This site gives information on the South Carolina Indians:

Tribes, Geography, History, Language, Place Names and Resources

 

See also:

South Carolina – Church Records for a list of missions

 

South Carolina – Military Records for a list of forts, South Carolina_History

 

References:

 

  1. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available Online.

 

  1. National Atlas of the United States of America — Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.

 

  1. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E (Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991) FHL book 973 E5.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santee_tribe

 

Historically the Santee were a small tribe (est. at a population of 3000 around 1600 AD), speaking a Siouan language and centered in the area of the present town of Santee, South Carolina. Their settlement was along the Santee River, since dammed and called Lake Marion.

http://santeebeadman.tripod.com/

 

Mailing Address:

208 Foster Mill Circle

Pauline, SC 29374

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Relationships with the English:

 

When General James Oglethorpe and his Georgia colonists arrived in 1733, Creek-English relations were already well established. 

 

Oglethorpe with Creek Indians Early interaction between Creeks and colonists centered on the exchange of slaves and deerskins for foreign products like textiles and kettles. Soon after the establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks set up a brisk business capturing and selling Florida Indians to their new neighbors. By 1715 this segment of the trade had nearly disappeared for lack of supply and demand. Deerskins then became the main currency.

 

For most of Georgia’s colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Not until the 1760s did the Creeks become a minority population in Georgia. They ceded the balance of their lands to the new state in the 1800s.

 

When Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas, no such nation existed. At that time most Southeastern natives lived in centralized mound-building societies, Etowah Indian Mounds whose architectural achievements are still visible today.

http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-579

 

‘500 Nations’ Pennsylvania Powwows:

http://500nations.com/tribes/Tribes_States.asp

 

‘The Catawba Nation’

http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/catawba.html

The Catawba — also known as Issa or Esaw, but most commonly Iswa — are a federally recognized tribe of Native Americans, known as the Catawba Indian Nation. They live in the Southeast United States, along the border between North and South Carolina near the city of Rock Hill. The Catawba were once considered one of the most powerful Southeastern Siouan-speaking tribes. The Catawba and other Siouan peoples are believed to have coalesced as individual tribes in the Southeast.

 

They served during the American Revolutionary War with the colonists against the British. Decimated by earlier smallpox epidemics, tribal warfare and social disruption, the Catawba declined markedly in number in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The people ceded their homeland to South Carolina in 1840 by a treaty that was not approved by the United States and was automatically invalid.

 

In addition, for decades the Catawba pursued various land claims against the government for the losses due to the illegal treaty made by South Carolina in 1840 and the failure of the federal government to protect their interests. In 1993 the federal government reversed the “termination”, recognized the Catawba Indian Nation and, together with the state of South Carolina, settled the land claims for $50 million to go toward economic development for the Nation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catawba_people

Catawba Indian Nation

996 Avenue of the Nations

Rock Hill, SC 29730

Phone: 1-803-366-4792

Fax: 1.803.366.0629

http://catawbaindian.net/our-government/department-supervisors/  

info@catawabaindian.net

 

The Coosa Nation:

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/creek/early-history/coosa_and_their_descendants.htm

 

“Those they had brought along as guides, being people who had been there before, declared that they must have been bewitched when this country seemed to them so rich and populated as they had stated. The arrival of the Spaniards in former years had driven the Indians up into the forests, where they preferred to live among the wild beasts who did no harm to them, but whom they could master, than among the Spaniards at whose hands they received injuries, although they were good to them.

 

Those from Coza received the guests well, liberally, and with kindness, and the Spaniards appreciated this, the more so as the actions of their predecessors did not call for it. They gave them each day four fanegas6 of corn for their men and their horses, of which latter they had fifty and none of which, even during their worst sufferings from hunger, they had wanted to kill and eat, well knowing that the Indians were more afraid of horses, and that one horse gave them a more warlike appearance, than the fists of two men together.

 

But the soldiers did not look for maize; they asked most diligently where the gold could be found and where was the silver, because only for the hopes of this as a dessert had they endured the fasts of the painful journey. Every day little groups of them went searching through the country and they found it all deserted and without news of gold. From only two tribes were there news about gold – one was the Oliuahali which they had just left; the others were the Napochies, who lived farther on. Those were enemies to those of Coza, and they had very stubborn warfare with each other, the Napochies avenging some offense they had received at the hands of the people of Coza.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coosa_chiefdom

 

Tribes of South Carolina

https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_South_Carolina

… – 5 Nations of S.C. – Catawba, Santee, Creek, Coosa, and Sioux Nations – NATIVE PRIDE!

http://www.museumofindianculture.org/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=Winnsbora%2C+South+Carolina

 

 

The New Book, ‘Chronicled,’ should open a few more doors of knowledge of the journey from Africa to the “Hot-LZ” of South Carolina for the ‘Family Boulware*Butler, A Two-Blood Legacy.’

 

 

 

Til Next Time…

*/

 

~ ‘Black American Freedom Fighters’ ~

Abolitionist In 1844, William Still moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he began working as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. When Philadelphia abolitionists organized a committee to aid runaway slaves reaching Philadelphia, Still became its chairman. By the 1850s, Still was a leader of Philadelphia’s African-American community. In 1859 he attempted to desegregate the city’s public transit system.  He opened a stove store during the American Civil War, and later started a coal delivery business.

http://blackamericanfreedomfighters.blogspot.com/

 

“DESCENDANT”

God said to Noah, “Because I know man to be weak and forgetful, once more I will tell you, as I told Adam; the Earth is yours to rule in goodness and justice. It will feed you and comfort you but you must take care of the Earth, and of one another, as well. Above all, I hate murder and bloodshed, for it is the same thing as denying God, in which the image of man was made.”

http://gboulwaredescendants.blogspot.com/

 

~ “The Lost Tribes of Twelve and Yahveh the Father” ~

Just as God had prophesied to Jeroboam through the prophet Ahijah, Jeroboam was king of ten tribes, and was well established, for God Himself stopped Rehoboam’s attack. Instead of doing as God had instructed, Jeroboam sought to secure his position through establishing a system of idolatry that would ensure no contact between the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah.

 

The ten northern tribes quickly fell into the same idolatry for which Solomon had been judged. Jeroboam made two golden calves and set one in Beth-El, a city of Ephraim, and the other in Dan, the principle city of the tribe of Dan. Jeroboam had reason to create his own system of worship. As all the men of Israel were required to appear in Jerusalem for the feasts of Pesakh (Passover), Shavuot (Pentecost) and Succot (Tabernacles) each year, this would likely lead to a reunification of the northern and southern kingdoms, because Jerusalem lay in the southern kingdom of Judah. Jeroboam halted this pilgrimage and filled the void of the true Temple worship by creating his own temple, priesthood and system of worship. (I Kings 12: 22-33)

 

The northern kingdom of Israel was never able to repent of their idolatry and for this God judged them. Taken captive, Ephraim and its kingdom were eventually scattered throughout the nations never returning to Israel, just as Jacob has prophesied. Hosea, who was a prophet to the ten northern tribes, speaks of their sin and future reunification, especially in chapters 11-13.

http://yahvehthefatherthelosttribesoftwelve.blogspot.com/

 

~ “The Colour of the Old West” ~

The Black and (so-called) Red Man were in fact, kinsmen! Did you ever wonder about your buddy who told you about his or her Indian relatives…their Grandparents…their Great-Grandparents? Many of us have passed it off as believing they wanted to be identified, as other than Black – they did not want to be Black. Folks would say things like – “they ain’t Indian, they just don’t wanna be Black Folks cause they head is nappy and they wants to be like the white folks.” We’ve heard many claim to be children of the Cherokee, Seminole, or Black Feet. Many of us didn’t believe it…guess what? I’ve got news for you…we were wrong – dead wrong! To not believe them was another of the misleading paths and disenfranchised heritage denied to us by European descendents who claimed this land as their own. We as Black Americans have more of an Indian bloodline than you’d d think…or care to believe.

http://colouroftheoldwest.blogspot.com/

 

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Images of ‘Cotton Plantations:

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“The Hard Way”

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

“The human body is more than 60 percent water. Blood is 92 percent water, the brain and muscles are 75 percent water, and bones are about 22 percent water.”

“While most of us make frivolous decisions about the differences and benefits of whether to use ‘Hard-Water or Soft-Water’ to suit our accustomed needs and comforts, there exists a small American Town that has not those luxuries…”

 

President Barack Obama said of the crisis, “What is inexplicable and inexcusable is once people figured out that there was a problem there, and that there was lead in the water, the notion that immediately families weren’t notified; things weren’t shut down. That shouldn’t happen anywhere.”

 

/*

On many occasions, I have heard many people complain about the rain. They have referred to it as “Bad Weather,” “A Bleak and Dismal Day,” or “It’s Just Horrible Outside With All That Rain!”

My question to you is ‘How Many of You Know of Anyone Who Can Live Without Water?’

 

Can You?

 

Back in the day, there was a movie made about contaminating the drinking water of a selected group of people in order to cull the herd, if not completely eliminating them. How many of you remember the movie “Three The Hard Way?” The film starred ‘Fred Williamson,’ ‘Jim Brown,’ and Jim Kelly.’ I can also recall that I’ve mentioned this film in reference not long ago in another posting. The film suggested a method to a pro-white group and/or groups of how to disseminate the hated target group of people who happened to be of color.

 

The covert scientists who worked for the hate group(s) came up with a chemical that would eradicate only the people of color – particularly ‘Black People!’ All one had to do was add this chemical to the drinking water supply of the targeted group. The hate group who happened to emulate the ‘KKK’ with the arm bands and brown-shirted uniforms of Nazi origins and regimes were dispatched to all of the U.S. cities with large Black populations. They were directed to go out to all the water reservoirs and add the time released chemical into the water at the water treatment plants and facilities.

The heroic threesome, who happened to hear of the plot by an escaped run-away near-dead young Black testing prisoner; took it upon themselves to save the people due to lack of response by the governing officials across the land.

 

If you had no clean, clear, and safe water to consume, what would you do? How would you live? Who would you blame for the catastrophe? How would you right this wrong?

 

In a little town in Michigan, there is an existing water crisis… The majority of its people are Black, Poor-Whites, and many other People of Color. Brother Al Sharpton has mentioned bathing. “It’s not just about the drinking water and the cooking water – what about the bathing water?” Flint Michigan’s water troubles began several years back – 2013 was when this disaster came to light. The governor and his cabinet are said to be the responsible party. The governor has since apologized and taken responsibility. But is it too little too late? Was this horrific situation purely an accident or a sinister and insidious plot to eliminate the problematic people of Flint Michigan and possibly other American cities and towns?

 

How did this come to pass – What caused this situation is the first place?

 

Let us start at the beginning…

 

~ The Flint Water Crisis ~

 

“The Flint water crisis is a drinking water contamination crisis in Flint, Michigan (United States) that started in April 2014.

 

After the change in source from treated Lake Huron water (via Detroit) to the Flint River, the city’s drinking water had a series of problems that culminated with lead contamination, creating a serious public health danger. The corrosive Flint River water caused lead from aging pipes to leach into the water supply, causing extremely elevated levels of lead. As a result, between 6,000 and 12,000 residents had severely high levels of lead in the blood and experienced a range of serious health problems. The water change is also a possible cause of an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in the county that has killed 10 people and affected another 77.

 

On November 13, 2015, four families filed a federal class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit against Governor Rick Snyder and thirteen other city and state officials, and three separate people filed a similar suit in state court two months later, and four more lawsuits were filed after that. Separately, the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Michigan and the Michigan Attorney General’s office opened investigations. On January 5, 2016, the city was declared to be in a state of emergency by the Governor of Michigan, before President Obama declared the crisis as a federal state of emergency, authorizing additional help from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of Homeland Security less than two weeks later.

 

Four government officials—one from the City of Flint, two from the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and one from the Environmental Protection Agency—resigned over the mishandling of the crisis, and Snyder issued an apology to citizens, while promising money to Flint for medical care and infrastructure upgrades.”

 

History of Flint water supply:

Before 2014

Return to Detroit water

Lead exposure findings

Possible link to Legionnaires’ disease spike

Inquiries, investigations, resignations, and release of documents

State of emergency and emergency responses

Lawsuits

Political responses

Media and other responses

Celebrity and corporate donations

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flint_water_crisis

>

‘Water Crisis in Flint, Michigan, Draws Federal Investigation’

By

Greg Botelho, Sarah Jorgensen and Joseph Netto, CNN

 

“The health effects listed in the class-action suit include: skin lesions, hair loss, and high levels of lead in the blood, vision loss, memory loss, depression and anxiety.

 

Keith John Pemberton and his wife, Jacqueline, who are in their late 60s, allege in court documents that they suffered property damage because of the corrosive water, loss of value in their home, skin lesions and “psychological disorders such as depression, chronic anxiety and an inability to cope with normal stress.” These conditions, according to the suit, were the result of bathing, washing and normal household activities.”

http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/05/health/flint-michigan-water-investigation/

 

‘What Went Wrong In Flint’

By

Anna Maria Barry-Jester

 

“I drank the water for eight or nine months,” John said. “In the poor parts of town, those people drank it for one and a half years. Some still are.”

 

“Today, we know that those health concerns include poisoning from a well-understood neurotoxin: lead. That realization has led to international outrage, protests from Flint residents, and the resignation of several federal, state and local employees, though not as many as some Flint residents would like. More than a year after residents started sounding alarm bells, it’s now clear that employees at the state’s Department of Environmental Quality collected insufficient data and ignored the warning signs visible in what they did collect. In the process, they allowed the residents of Flint to be poisoned.

 

Dozens of Flint’s residents who had been gathering data and information for nearly a year knew something wasn’t right. While state and federal agencies almost obsessively focused on proving that they were meeting federal regulations, rather than taking a deeper look at whether Flint’s drinking water was safe, residents begged them to pay attention to the valuable data they’d collected through their bodies and research. There was power in finally having irrefutable proof, and finally having someone listen.”

http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-went-wrong-in-flint-water-crisis-michigan/

 

‘Water Bills in Poisoned Flint an ‘Outrage,’ Attorney General Says’

by

Tracy Connor and Lisa Riordan Seville

 

Michigan’s top prosecutor said Monday that it’s an “outrage” that residents of Flint are being forced to pay for water that’s unsafe to drink — and his office may take action to stop the billing.

 

“Words can barely describe this tragedy. Things went terribly wrong,” AG Bill Schuette said. “I would certainly not bathe a newborn child or a young infant in this bad water and if you can’t drink the bad water you shouldn’t pay for it.”

 

Although the city has now switched back to Detroit’s water supply, health officials say so much damage was done that the water coming out of the taps is still not safe for children in the economically depressed city, where water bills average $140 a month, according to the Flint Journal.

 

Many residents of Flint — where 40 percent of the residents live in poverty and the average household income is just $25,000 — are relying on donated bottled water.

http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/flint-water-crisis/water-bills-poisoned-flint-outrage-attorney-general-says-n503851

 

“The Heroic Professor Who Helped Uncover The Flint Lead Water Crisis​ Has Been Asked To Fix It!”

 

It was Prof. Marc Edwards, 51, who more than a decade earlier proved, along with an investigation by The Washington Post, that corrosion in the nation’s capital’s pipes had caused lead to seep into the water supply and pass through kitchen faucets and shower heads. After helping to expose that water crisis in 2004, he spent six years challenging the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to admit they weren’t being honest about the extent of the damage the lead had on children.

 

In 2010 it was proven that the CDC had lied to the public in a misleading report, which falsely claimed lead levels in the water had not posed a health risk to D.C. residents.

 

In April, 2015 a woman named Leeanne Walters, a Flint, Mich., stay-at-home mother who was getting nowhere convincing state and local officials that there was something seriously wrong with the orange-tinted water coming out of her tap. Her family’s hair was thinning. Her son’s skin was red and irritated. They told her the water was perfectly safe. And even months later, when it had been determined there were high traces of lead in her water; the officials shrugged it off as an isolated problem.

 

Desperately, she called Edwards, whom she had read about online. Over the phone, he walked her through how to take her own water samples. The next day she sent them FedEx to Edwards to test. It was the worst lead levels he had ever seen.

 

Bruce Lanphear, a professor at Simon Fraser University and also an expert in lead toxicity, said Edwards not only studies the impact of lead in water, but he makes his testing available to communities in need, like he did in Flint.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/inspired-life/wp/2016/01/26/meet-the-heroic-professor-who-helped-uncover-the-flint-lead-water-crisis/

 

 

“Flint Water Almost Like ‘Gas Chambers for Jews!”

says ‘Al Sharpton!’

http://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2015/03/al_sharptons_national_action_n_2.html

 

“While an investigation is obviously needed, it remains to be seen just how thorough this will be and whether or not there are any conflicts of interest involved. In the meantime, the residents of Flint — majority African-American and 40 percent who are below the poverty line — continue to suffer. Last week, Gov. Rick Snyder stated in an interview that the water crisis was his “Katrina.”

 

“Democratically elected officials were displaced and replaced with emergency management people who cut a deal and sent contaminated river water that corroded pipelines and exposed residents to toxic levels of lead. Gov. Snyder’s administration ignored this problem since 2014, and in terms of direct action, politics and policies, the Flint crisis might just be even worse than Katrina.

In areas like Flint and Detroit, there is a history of emergency managers taking control of Black cities from local authorities. When that local power is taken away from city councils, mayors, etc., the residents have less input over decisions that directly impact them and their neighborhoods. As the citizens of both Flint and Detroit will often say, the emergency managers are more concerned with cutting costs than with the actual welfare of the community. In Detroit, some schools are still suffering both academically and financially after emergency management failed to resolve issues and failed students and their families. In Flint, drinking water became contaminated with lead in April of 2014 and Gov. Snyder did not declare a state of emergency until Jan. 5 of this year. That is simply outrageous and a grave miscarriage of justice.”

 

“If they cannot drink it, cook with it and more, why should they have to pay for it? And who is going to pay for the health costs of all of those impacted by this tragedy? These are long-term issues that must be dealt with, but before we even get to that, the crisis itself must be resolved. The people of Flint are still suffering with no clear answer as to when their water will be safe again. And while we welcome an independent investigation, there must be accountability, period.

 

On February 3, Gov. Snyder will appear before Congress, and many of us will be outside and visible, because the citizens of Flint are not invisible and they deserve justice.”

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rev-al-sharpton/flint-response—worse-th_b_9070974.html

 

…Meanwhile, here in ‘Philly’:

 

“WEST PHILADELPHIA MAN & FRIENDS TAKE 50K BOTTLES OF WATER TO FLINT!”

By

Chad Pradelli

 

A West Philadelphia man and his friends have taken their own action to make an impact on the Flint water crisis.

 

It started with a phone call.

 

“They said, ‘Hey Neo, we got to do something for Flint, Michigan.’ I said, ‘What do you want to do?'” Nehemiah Davis said.

 

What they’d do – despite a blizzard, despite 600 miles of roadway, and despite little money – is pack two huge trucks with bottled water and deliver it to the people of Flint, who’ve been poisoned by lead tainted water.

 

They made it happen in just a couple of days.

 

“People came up and, literally, we had 500 to 600 cases on the ground. We wound up renting another U-Haul,” Davis said.

 

Nehemia and his partners had an initial goal of delivering 10,000 bottles of water to the needy people of Flint, but instead he delivered 50,000 bottles.

 

“For us to be able to provide them water so their kids could bathe, so their kids could drink, so their kids could brush their teeth with good water, it was just awesome,” Davis said.

 

http://6abc.com/news/west-philly-man-takes-50k-bottles-of-water-to-flint/1176784/

WPVITV Action News

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/BoulwareEnterprises.html

 

 

WATER

 

The transparent colorless liquid, H2O, which falls from the sky as rain, issues from the ground in springs, and composes three-quarters of the Earth’s surface in the form of seas, rivers, and lakes, etc. – Pure water is odorless, tasteless, transparent (although bluish in bulk) and relatively incompressible. It has a high specific heat and poor electrical conductivity. Under standard pressure it freezes (with slight expansion) to ice at 0oC and boils at 100oC giving steam. The density is a maximum at 4oC, where it is taken as exactly 1gm/cm3. Water has the chemical composition H2O, ionizing as H2O=H+OH.

 

WATER AND EARTH

 

Three-quarters of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, yet 98 percent is salt water and not fit for consumption.

Less than one percent of all the water on Earth is freshwater available for human consumption.

 

WATER AND HUMANS

 

*  The human body is more than 60 percent water. Blood is 92 percent water, the brain and muscles are 75 percent water, and bones are about 22 percent water.

 

*  A human can survive for a month or more without eating food, but only a week or so without drinking water.

 

WATER CONSUMPTION

 

*  3.9 trillion gallons of water are consumed in the United States per month. (AWWA Journal, June 2006)

 

*  The average American uses 176 gallons of water per day compared to 5 gallons of water the average African family uses each day. (www.water.org)

 

WATER PRICES

 

“The price of water is increasing–sometimes dramatically–throughout the world,” writes Edwin Clark, II in Earth Policy Institute’s latest report. Over the past five years, municipal water rates have increased by an average of 27 percent in the United States, 45 percent in Australia, 50 percent in South Africa, and 58 percent in Canada. In Tunisia, the price of irrigation water increased fourfold over a decade. Yet consumers rarely pay the actual cost of water. In fact, many governments practically (and sometimes literally) give water away.

 

The average American household consumes about 127,400 gallons of water during a year. Homeowners in Washington, DC, pay about $350 for that amount of water. Buying that same amount of water from a vendor in Guatemala City would cost more than $1,700.

 

The price people pay for water is largely determined by three factors: the cost of transportation from source to user, total demand, and price subsidies. Treatment to remove contaminants also can add to the cost.

 

A key step in moving toward more rational water management is to place a price on water that reflects its value and scarcity. Although pricing water at a reasonable cost can generate political problems in the short run, it can lead to substantial efficiencies in the longer run and eliminate drainage on government budgets. Higher prices will lead households, farmers and industries to use water more efficiently. Just as the oil price shocks of the 1970’s stimulated energy conservation, so too could pricing water to better reflect its real cost stimulate similar conservation efforts.

 

Source: Water prices rising worldwide. (2007, Spring). Resource Action Program.

http://www.waterinfo.org/resources/water-facts

 

 

What if it is true that some para-military-militia group has decided to take matters into their own hands by addressing the “Problem People?” What if the said group(s) has decided that a plan of action…a plan of such magnitude is feasible? Would you believe it? Would Law Enforcement Officials believe it if you went to them with a story such as described in the movie, “Three The Hard Way” or of a similar pre-conceived nature?  

 

~ Do You Believe in the possibility of such a ‘Terroristic Threat?’ ~

 

Water…the liquid gold of life. How we have taken it for granted… What would you do if you were the victim of ‘Flint Michigan’s’ crisis? Would you sue the government, the city, the world? How about the president? …Or would you invest every resource at your command to conserve and find more of the precious life giving fluid?

 

Maybe the next time it rains, snows, hails, or sleets, you will not be so eager to call it bad or foul weather.

 

When was the last time you drank water from the tap? Was it good-tasting? Did it make you sick? What was the color of your tap water if you live in the city? What is its’ color if you live in a rural area of the country? Is the advent of bottled water a pre-conceived plan of some sinister plot or government entity?

 

All of the citizen groups who have banded together and pooled their efforts to help the residents of Flint Michigan and those who suffer a similar circumstance are too be commended for their humanity.

 

The next time you step into the shower and take a drink of nice clean and clear water, think of the folk in Flint Michigan and those around the world who cannot partake the pleasure of plain simple water.

 

 

 

Til Next Time….

 

 

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/*

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“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583   

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware 

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608     

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

 

~”I Am Black”~

blackjesus.majestic_3.1.15

By

Gregory V. Boulware

 

/*

“I Am Black!”

 

“They continue to portray ‘Him’ as white in a white ruled world by displaying paintings and new statue dedications. It is a lie! For “I am that I am; I am what I am!””

…”I am Black!” All of mankind has arisen ‘Out Of Africa!'”

 

“Saying that I am Alpha and Omega the first and the last: and, what thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.”

 

And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; and in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.

 

His head and His hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and His eyes were as a flame of fire; and His feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and His voice as the sound of many waters.

 

And He had in His right hand seven stars; and out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword: and His countenance was as the Sun shineith in His strength.

~Revelations~

>

According To The Holy Scriptures

Mini Lesson Part1

The Election Standard

“I Am Black But Comely”

King Solomon’s Appearance

David LK Yasharahla

August 19 at 7:46pmSong of Solomon 1:5-6 King James Version (KJV)

 

5 I Am Black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

 

6 Look not upon me, Because I Am Black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother’s children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.

 

~King James Version (KJV)~

*/

african_jesus_3.1.15

http://blackhistory.com/content/282917/to-share-and-share-alike

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

 

Til Next Time…

 

 

Acknowledgements:

“I Am Black But Comely” King Solomon’s Appearance, David LK Yasharahla

Holy Bible, King James Version

 

/*

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608   

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/search.cgi?processSearch=1&keywords=Gregory+V.+Boulware&go=Search

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=sr_gnr_fkmr0?rh=i%3Astripbooks%2Cn%3A283155%2Ck3AGregory+V.+Boulware&keywords=Gregory+V.+Boulware&ie=UTF8&qid=1324957155 

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG/status/541394366842281984

 

/*

“FAIRMOUNT”

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html

http://aneastfallssonontheschuylkill.blogspot.com/2014/07/on-schuylkill-eastfalls-son-twitter.html

http://hbcu.com/content/284671/i-am-black