Tag Archive: Boulware


 

‘The True Meaning of “Great Again”

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

http://blackhistory.com/content/293106/the-true-meaning-of-great-again

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608   

 

 

We should “Pledge Ourselves to Resist To The Bitter End, The Efforts of Our Deadly Enemies in Attempting to Mold A Sentiment Against Us After The Southern Method. Our Deadly Foes Are Now Busy Education Their Children to Hate Us And To Believe That We Are Low, Degraded, and Vicious Because Our Skins Are Dark!”

 

 

Within this current ugly convoluted and racially charged so-called quasi politically charged ‘Presidential’ race for the top administrative position and the “White House” of these United States of America, raises the ire of many ‘right-thinking’ voters. Right thinking is not to be confused with “right-wing” or “left-wing” positions in this divided nation of ours. The term is meant to identify those of us who know the difference between right and wrong.

 

In the past, it was deemed treasonous to insult, bemoan, ridicule, chastise, criticize, and/or to call any sitting president outside of his or her name. If anyone was to be accused, heard, or recorded doing so would give just cause for the ‘FBI,’ ‘CIA,’ the Secret Service, or the Police to immediately arrest and detain that person or persons for threatening the head of state – The President of The United States. Today even those rules and respect for the office seem to be meaningless. Doctors, Lawyers, Cops, Politicians, Judges, and the average Joe state with ease condemnation and villainy with regard to whoever occupies the seat of the “Oval Office.” Their disdain and hatred of our ‘First President of Color’ is simply frightful knowing that these individuals will never be brought to bear witness and prosecuted for this practice.

He has been called by many, “Nigger, Fool, Animal, and a few other blasphemous, vile and wicked names; right out in full public view of the news media and on the street as well; without any fear of legal ramification or apprehension. They have also been quoted in saying that ‘the President Should Be Shot!” They do believe however, that they are truly untouchable and exempt from any legal and just prosecution. This act of sedition appears to be true because not one of these boisterous individuals has been brought before a judge to face justice as it should be administered.

 

Many of the presidential (and lesser offices) hopefuls have been heard (and recorded) and overheard stating “We’re going to take back America – We’re going to make America great again!”

The first thought is – take it back from whom? – ‘isn’t America already great?’ The whole world knows that the usurpers from Europe and elsewhere how the indigenous people of the American lands were confiscated as opposed to moving in and living side-by-side with those who taught them how to live and survive on this continent. Oh no, they had to have it all! And they took it from them at a terrible cost.

Every time I hear such rhetoric, I can’t help but think about the massacred ‘Indigenous Americans’ who’ve died and continue to suffer under the not so invisible yoke of oppression and sub-human living conditions. Oh yes, I’m talking about my “Red-Skinned” brothers and sisters. Many have forgotten the blood ties and relationships of the Black and the Red. Our Asian and Latino relatives are fully in the mix of things as well. How can we ever forget what has been done to our people in the name of making America great.

When that phrase is utilized in its over-killed tradition, it can only mean one thing – ‘A Return to Jim Crow and Slavery – the Domination of whites over all people of color!’

 

Many instances of white domination continues to surface right out in plain view. Some folks believe the practice is a clandestine action. How could this be when derogatory and hateful statements are made and brought forth by so-called leading political figures with the “right-in-your-face’ attitude? Police shoot, kill, and harass our country’s citizenry on a regular basis and are exonerated and justified while being encouraged to do so; when it is obvious to all their actions and practices are contrary to the justice and laws of the land? It seems such practices are supported and condoned by those who are supposed to administer unbiased expedition to justice as written in the American Constitution.

 

Mr. William Loren Katz cites America’s atrocities in his books for all to bear witness – to remind – to never forget how and why this government came to power in its infancy. The success of their European master plan came to fruition on the backs of ‘free Black labor and their self-sustaining dominance utilizing the trickery and deception by dividing us – mentally, physically, and politically.

 

What have we learned?

 

Someone said we should not concentrate or dwell in or on the past. The quintessential truth is, “One cannot move forward without learning from lessons of the past.”

 

‘The Black-Indian campaign for full citizenship was carried on with forceful but respectful language. In 1879, a group of Black Cherokees petitioned for equal rights:

“The Cherokee Nation is Our Country; There We Were Born and Reared; There Are Our Homes Made By The Sweat of Our Brows; There Are Our Wives and Children, Whom We Love as Dearly as Though We Were Born With Red, Instead of Black Skins.

There We Intend to Live and Defend Our Natural Rights, as Guaranteed by The Treaties and Laws of The United States, by Every Legitimate and Lawful Means.

As Natives, We Are Attached To The People Among Whom We Have Been Born and Bred. We Like The ‘Chickasaws,’ as Friends and We Can Live With Them in The Future in A Close Union.”

 

As written, we should “Pledge Ourselves to Resist To The Bitter End The Efforts of Our Deadly Enemies in Attempting To Mold A Sentiment Against Us After The Southern Method.

Our Deadly Foes Are Now Busy Educating Their Children To Hate Us and To Believe That We Are Low, Degraded, and Vicious Because Our Skins Are Dark!”

 

Seminoles, whose African America Brethren often had been dear friends and family members, quickly accepted ‘Emancipation and Equality.’ Choctaws resisted for a generation and Chickasaws fought the issue almost to the end of the century. Except for the Seminoles, within each nation Black members faced years of legal challenges and political protests to win citizenship rights, land, education, and equality of opportunity. As recorded for all times, we all know that this ‘African American’ effort in Indian Territory and Lands throughout the country such as ‘Tulsa, Oklahoma,’ has reflected their wider and less successful campaign for equality during this era of reconstruction in the southern states. Parents and elders of our people have shown an avid interest in education for our children, and the adults who attended night schools in the effort of learning to read and write.

Black members of many Indian Nations have worked vigorously for equality, land ownership, and education. Whatever unfairness they felt among their Indian friends could not match what they knew they would experience among the dominion of the whites. They knew they would never be lynched of brutalized – nor would our sons and daughters suffer such atrocities at the hands of the Creeks, Seminoles, Cherokees, and other Indian Nations throughout the land.

African Americans made major economic strides that could hardly and rarely be duplicated in European-American society.

As early as 1866, John B. Sanborn, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, reported from the Indian Territory:

 

“The ‘Freedmen’ are the most industrious, economically, and in many respects, the more intelligent portion of the population within the Indian Territory.

They all desire to remain in that territory upon lands set apart for their own exclusive use.”

 

That report says a great deal and lends support to those who abdicate separate and sovereign existence from the society of whites.

 

The Black thirst for education blossomed throughout the former slave states as well as within the realm of the Indian Five Nation Society. Black Indians built their own schools, hired and paid teachers, and then emboldened enough to demand and/or ask for additional government aid.

An 1866 government report on ‘Black Creeks’ revealed the anxiousness to educate their children and a determination to profit from the schools formed at their own advance.

 

The Supreme Court in 1896, May 17, issued a landmark constitutional decision on discrimination against so-called minorities in the United States. The “Plessy v Ferguson” decision ruled seven to one that segregation anywhere in the country was legally and constitutional! “Separate But Equal” became the law of the land. This racist legal maneuver lasted until it was overturned by the high court in 1954 with the decision and just vote of the “Brown v Board of Education” case.

 

“In 1890, the state of Louisiana passed a law (the Separate Car Act) that required separate accommodations for blacks and whites on railroads, including separate railway cars. Concerned, a group of prominent black, creole, and white New Orleans residents formed the Comité des Citoyens (Committee of Citizens) dedicated to repeal the law or fight its effect. They persuaded Homer Plessy, a man of mixed race, to participate in an orchestrated test case. Plessy was born a free man and was an “octoroon” (of seven-eighths European descent and one-eighth African descent). However, under Louisiana law, he was classified as black, and thus required to sit in the “colored” car.

 

On June 7, 1892, Plessy bought a first-class ticket at the Press Street Depot and boarded a “whites only” car of the East Louisiana Railroad in New Orleans, Louisiana, bound for Covington, Louisiana. The railroad company, which had opposed the law on the grounds that it would require the purchase of more railcars, had been previously informed of Plessy’s racial lineage, and the intent to challenge the law. Additionally, the committee hired a private detective with arrest powers to detain Plessy, to ensure that he would be charged for violating the Separate Car Act, as opposed to vagrancy or some other offense. After Plessy took a seat in the whites-only railway car, he was asked to vacate it, and sit instead in the blacks-only car. Plessy refused and was arrested immediately by the detective. As planned, the train was stopped, and Plessy was taken off the train at Press and Royal streets. Plessy was remanded for trial in Orleans Parish.

 

In his case, Homer Adolph Plessy v. The State of Louisiana, Plessy’s lawyers argued that the state law which required East Louisiana Railroad to segregate trains had denied him his rights under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments of the United States Constitution, which provided for equal treatment under the law. However, the judge presiding over his case, John Howard Ferguson, ruled that Louisiana had the right to regulate railroad companies while they operated within state boundaries. Plessy was convicted and sentenced to pay a $25 fine. Plessy immediately sought a writ of prohibition.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plessy_v._Ferguson

 

How many of us would like to return to those days of racial trickery and forked tongued promises?

 

Even after a bloody civil war, decades of legal arguments, legislation, and constitutional amendments promising equality and justice, the legal lid was clamped ever so tightly over ‘Emancipation’ aspirations for people of color. However, we are constantly being told on a daily basis that we are going to take back America and make America great again.

 

“People of Color share the experience of genocide, brutality, exploitation, colonization, and marginalization. We also have tangled histories that place alliances on a slippery slope.”

‘Divide and Rule’ flourished when European colonizers, white enslavers, and a white congress, president, and court system set rules while issuing orders. It has been proven over and over again how the domination and clandestine trickery of a powerful white society is and was able to pit one people of color against another ever since during and before and after 1492. This has been a paramount and ultimate goal.

“Various types of subjugation and cruelty stir different response and acts of resistance. Unlike African Americans, Native Americans did not seek to integrate into a dominant society or to assimilate with the whites. Blacks seemed to be saying that white society was bad, but they wanted it anyway,” as noted and written by the noted Native American Scholar, Brother Vine Deloria Jr.

Deloria also noted that many Native Americans claim their primary fight is for land and self-identity. It’s been said that some even view their tortured confinement and painful separation on and to reservations as at least preserving their cultural integrity.

 

If Native Americans undertook a political position, they would and have overwhelmingly more often prefer to identify with ‘Brother Stokley Carmichael’ and ‘Brother Malcolm X,’ who both built a mighty ‘Black Power Movement’ promoting separation from white society as opposed to the belief of ‘Brother Dr. Martin Luther King.’

 

In today’s current events highlighting the presidential race between the democrats and the republicans, the growing interests in and of the ‘Black Indian’ story has yet to eradicate centuries of educational neglect, racial division, and animosity.

“The election of a US President with an African father and European descended mother; with a wife of African and Native American lineage; has helped highlight the role of ‘multiracial’ and ‘multicultural’ people in America and the world as a whole. So has the recent rise of Indigenous and Black Indian Presidents in Latin America.”

But schools, texts, and the media introduced in the United States have only lightly and lukewarmly begun to examine this magnificent heritage. They are truly slow to embrace let alone support its honorable if turbulent history.

 

“Understanding of the racial or Negro question does not ultimately involve understanding by either Blacks or Indians. It involves the white man himself! He must examine (or re-examine) his past. He must face the problems he has created with himself and within others. The white man must no longer project his fears and insecurities onto other groups, race, and countries. Before the white man can relate to others he must forego the pleasure of defining them.”

~ Vine Deloria Jr. ~

 

And with the ending of this message, I ask you ‘People of Color, and Right-Thinking-Good Willed People of European Descent,’ will you stand idle and do nothing to right-the-wrongs of our nation, and/or allow for a dictatorship – losing the right of a free society and a caring government, or set us back to when America was not great – AGAIN?

 

 

Til Next Time…

 

 

 

 

References and Recognitions:

 

Vote as if your life depended upon it, because it does!  

Posting List Links and Locations to Articles by Boulware

~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~

http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-books-by-boulware  

New BCID: 82313940945

http://www.bookcrossing.com/journal/13940945

New BCID: 823-13940945 – Hallow

/*

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583   

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware  

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608     

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 http://escapeintotheword.connectplatform.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

https://authorcentral.amazon.com/gp/profile

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG/status/541394366842281984

 

‘Virtuosity101.com’

http://virtuosity101.com/

http://virtuosity101.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://virtuosity101.com/content/288611/sankofa-never-to-forget

http://virtuosity101.com/content/288593/a-timeless-epoch-an-ingrained-memory

https://www.academia.edu/

https://independent.academia.edu/GregoryVBoulware

http://blackisms.com/education-2/

https://www.authorsden.com/visit/author.asp?id=168361

/*

Many Thanks to the text and research of the prominent Mr. William Loren Katz,

“Black Indians, A Hidden Heritage.”

 

BlackIndians.Katz_5.22.16

 

 

/*

~ “Valley Green’s Elusive Black Bear” ~ 

By

Gregory V.Boulware, Esq.

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?blog_id=292902&…

KYW NEWS RADIO 1060 AM: 
“Black Bear On The Loose In Philadelphia’s Fairmount Park!” 
May 13, 2016 12:03 PM 
By 
Lynne Adkins 
Filed Under: Bear, Fairmount Park 
http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2016/05/13/black-bear-on-the-loose…
PHILADELPHIA (CBS) — There’s a rare, furry visitor in Philadelphia’s Fairmount Park. 

Stephen McKenzie ‎@SteveMcKCBS3 
Black Bear got away, still on the loose in Fairmount Park now on the Valley Green rd side of the creek @CBSPhilly 
2:02 PM – 13 May 2016 · Philadelphia, PA, United States 
http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html 

At 12:02 P.M., Friday, May 13th, a Black Bear has been sighted in or around ‘Valley-Green Road’ near the ‘Valley-Green Inn in Philadelphia’s Fairmount Park. A fisherman down stream from Valley Green Inn was shocked to see a black bear lumbering through the woods.

Maura McCarthy, Executive Director of Friends of the Wissahicon says it’s not an everyday site and this is a good size animal.

“Bigger than a person is what the fisherman told me, so it looks like it’s either fully mature or almost mature, we’re not sure of the sex whether it’s male or female, we know that it’s probably pursuing food pretty far outside of its food range, but beyond that we don’t know where it’s from.” 
She says bears can be found in this part of the commonwealth, but adds it’s highly unusual for one to be found wandering within city limits.
Lynne Adkins
If you’ve listened to radio in the Delaware Valley, the odds are pretty good that you’ve heard Lynne Adkins. Lynne is a reporter and anchor for KYW Newsradio.

~ ‘FAIRMOUNT’ ~ 
By 
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq. 
http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html 

The Forrest Ranger walked over to the Police Captain and stood right in front of him and quietly requested his attention. The two men walked to another side of the search area for the private conversation. Gerald Glenn has been a Forrest Ranger for more than twenty years. Four of those years, his assignment had been the Northeastern Pennsylvania Region. Ranger Glenn knows everything about everything in the wild, from its greenery to the smallest of animals. Ranger Glenn pointed to something on the ground next to one of the Cherry Blossom trees, a print of something large was present. A few feet away in a southwesterly direction, off the roadway of Strawberry Mansion Drive, another large print was found.

Captain Willice Samuel, of Philadelphia’s Finest, stood looking over the edge of the cliff, peering down onto the East river Drive. The screaming sirens of emergency vehicles filled the normally quiet environment of park life. Speeding past the stopped traffic below, the EMR vehicles made their way up the hill to the spot were the kids were playing. The Strawberry Mansion Bridge was at a standstill as was the East River Drive traffic. Nothing and no one was being allowed to move through the area.

Traffic backed up all over. Ridge Avenue was being over-crowed with the over flow of rush hour traffic. Both river drives, East and West, were backed up into the East Falls area of Midvale Avenue into Henry Avenue. The downtown out bound traffic was a mess. The local news on automobile radios reported the traffic mess as an accident in the park. They were not aware of the trouble that was amiss. Emergency vehicles were parked at the spot were the body of Lindsey Irvin lay at bottom of the twelve hundred ft drop from the cliff of the Strawberry Mansion roadway. The first EMR personnel on the scene could not believe their eyes.

>

Part 1:
‘Strawberry Mansion’ 

The Fairmount Park Rapist became second fiddle to this latest horror in our city’s parkland…where no one is safe! No one in able to control, contain, or prevent the attacks of this killer that stalks the area…save one man who knows the inner workings of the mind of this murderer!

A thunderous roar erupted just as Lindsey placed his hand on the last rock in the cliff, pulling himself up onto the plateau. Dirt and shrubbery flew all around as if a strong wind-gust blasted through signaling a squall in a rainstorm or twister. The boy could not believe his eyes. He nearly fell backward off the ledge of the cliff. But he knew subconsciously, that he had to hang on. It’s about a twelve hundred foot drop to the bottom.

Painful fear gripped his heart as he watched the massive tree-trunk sized object strike his cousin and lift him from the ground. Malcolm’s eyes were fixed on Jason and then on his cousin. His eyes screamed at them as if he were saying, “why don’t you guys reach out and grab me?” “Something hit me!” “It hurts!” “I’m falling!” Jason and Lindsey could do nothing as they watched in terror. The flying, broken, and bloodied body of their friend and cousin twisted and turned in the air while falling away from the cliff’s surface and down towards the bottom of the hillside. The angry and piercing eyes of the thing were now upon them.
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/2015/01/15/fairmount-the-series-p…

Part 2:
“Smith Playground In North Philly” 

The angry piercing eyes of the thing were now upon them…Malcolm screamed. He was dreaming. His sleep was continually interrupted with nightmares. His parents considered psychiatric consultation. The constant nightmares caused great concern to Benjamin and Geraldine Xavier. “Will this terrible event never end,” asked Benjamin?
Gerald Glenn, Genailia Francis, and Willice Samuel walked through the patch of rhododendron and azalea bushes to examine the grassy spot near the Strawberry Mansion Bridge.

Ranger Glenn removed the sample of plant leaf and soil from a plastic bag while pointing to the spot he had examined during the initial search around the cherry blossom tree. The paw-print, nearly gone after being exposed for more than ten days, gave Francis and Samuel a fright. Now the captain knew why the ranger had that strange look on his face the day the boys were attacked. “Damn, do they actually grow to be that big”, exclaimed Samuel? Glenn answered, “No”. He also added, “I’ve seen them big…but not this damn big!” 
“This one is huge…gigantic…a monster!” “From the size and length of the print, it’s got to be at least 9 to 10 foot in height and weighing more than 5,000 lbs. 
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/2015/01/26/part-2-of-fairmount-th…

Part 3:
A Sweet Briar License’ 

The news media took the ball and ran with it. The headlines blasted the story of the attack of Czepaky and her children on the front pages of their respective papers.

Television news programs portrayed the mother and her children as their leading news story. Radio news did likewise. And still they did not mention Lindsey Irvin.
A heavy police presence saturated both sides of the Schuylkill River, from the East Falls Bridge to the Art Museum and Eakins Oval. The Marine Unit of The Philadelphia Police Department could not find anything that would indicate the whereabouts of the bear or the body of he suspected dead teenager. The order was given to start a diving search and rescue effect. “We don’t expect to find the boy alive, “ said one team commander to another diving squad commander. “But we do expect to find his body.”

Two divers were set to go into the water. Assistant team members double-checked their gear. They made sure that the underwater radios and flashlights were operating correctly. The divers entered the water under the Girard Avenue Bridge, just down river from the viewing stand and Goose Island, which sat smack in the middle of the river directly across from the viewing stand automobile parking lot.
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/fairmount-the-series-p…

Part 4:
“A Pillar of Salt” 

Sirens screamed…seemingly from everywhere. The eeriness of the moonlit night chilled the souls of all witnessing the frightening and tragic event. The female driver who was involved in the fender-bender, stood still. When she reached her car, a 2006 Mercedes XE – she stood…shivering. The woman stared with the eyes of a statue, a pillar of salt. Her face stone cold and pale chalky white…just screamed. She wasn’t aware of her scream.

The coroner was already loading the lower half of the dead cop’s body into the van as the two captains arrived on scene. “Damn”, exclaimed Captain Noodles while viewing the bloody scene and what was left of the cop. “One of the witnesses is already at the hospital,” stated a 14th District Sergeant. Captain Samuel asked, “What in the hell kind of animal are we dealing with?” The swat team commander reported to commissioner Talis. “We’ve found a blood trail leading back from the roadway down to the river’s edge. All that we found was a couple of fingers, a pool of blood, very large animal paw-prints, and crushed shrubbery… Nothing else…whatever it was, it’s gone!” 

“It’s a bear…a rather larger than life monster Kodiak bear.” The voice of dread was that of the newly appointed Environmental Protection Agency agent and Governmental National Parks and Wildlife Ranger Gerald Glenn.

It took the mayor all of fifteen minutes to reach the horrific and catastrophic scene. The newspaper, TV, radio, and network news media were already encamped at the site. The mayors’ personal police escort carved a direct access route through the barricades and intrepid news-hawks. She stepped out of the car, surrounded by bodyguards and her immediate staff. Microphones and cameras made an attempt to smother her. She waved her left hand and with a sternful glance…indicating no interviews or statements.
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/2015/12/25/fairmount-part-four-a-…

Part 5:
‘The Myrtlewood Street Funeral’ 

The news media swarmed the event. They surrounded Officer Leonard Kirkpatrick, his wife Evelyn, and his doctor – asking all kinds of questions while shoving microphones recorders and cameras in their faces.

“What was it like to see your partner bitten in half by the beast?” “Why didn’t you shoot the monster when he attacked?” “What did the thing look like, officer?” “Why didn’t the thing eat the other half?” “How come you didn’t get eaten by the beast?” 

The group of Black men crossed the street to where the reporters were congregating. Ramses grabbed one of the reporters, who happened to be a white female. The group of cops stopped their conversation to watch the confrontation. The embittered father demanded a verbal response from the journalist. “WHY WEREN’T YOU PEOPLE ASKING QUESTIONS WHEN MY BOY WAS KILLED?” “WHY IS IT THESE QUESTIONS ARE ADDRESSED AFTER MY SON WAS KILLED BY THIS THING?” “WHY WEREN’T YOU ALL FALLING ALL OVER YOURSELVES WHILE INVESTIGATING MY BOYS KILLING?” Ramses got the attention of all the reporters present. “WAS IT BECAUSE THIS IS THE FUNERAL OF A WHITE NORTHEAST COP AS OPPOSED TO A LITTLE BLACK BOY FROM NORTH PHILLY?” Screamed the distraught teary-eyed father. “I WILL ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS…LINDSEY WAS A HUMAN BEING TOO!” Said Ramses.

“The distinction between brown and grizzly bears is geographical. Brown bears that live close to the coast are called brown bears. Browns living inland and in northern lands, such as Denali, are called grizzlies,” Glenn said. “They share the scientific name Ursus arctos.”

Professor Genailia Francis added, “Black bears are smaller than browns and also cover a great deal of the state. Their fur color isn’t always black; it may even appear brown, cinnamon or (rarely) blue.” 

“Black bears may be seen feeding on salmon at Anan Creek, but they’re common enough in Juneau, Seward and parts of Anchorage to be considered pests. A male bear that’s ready for hibernation may weigh 240 pounds. The scientific name is Ursus americanus,” she said.

“Think about it. This thing on its hind legs could walk up to the average single-story house and could look on the roof at eye level.” There was never a question that the brown bear that a 22-year-old hunter shot to death in October 2001 on Hinchinbrook Island was huge. The grizzly measured 10 feet, 6 inches from nose to tail. Its front claws were 3 to 4 inches long. An Alaska master guide estimated the bear’s weight at up to 1,200 pounds. (The average brown bear weight for Hinchinbrook is less than half that.) One photo shows the hunter holding the bear’s paw as it obscures almost his entire chest. A second photo shows him crouching like a child behind the bear’s massive, bloody head. “It’s over one thousand six hundred pounds . . . 12’6” high at the shoulder,” stated the reporter.

Most of the time, black bears are reluctant to meet people and can be shooed away. Juneau has particular problems with its numerous black bears, however. The city even created a committee to deal with the bears. Hikers in Chugach State Park, Chugach National Forest and Kenai National Wildlife Refuge need to be aware of bear habits and habitat. Bears show up during the salmon runs, usually mixing peacefully with anglers. Look for bear warning signs along the Kenai, Russian and Little Susitna rivers and along many creeks and trails with road access. 

The mayor, appearing perplexed, paradoxed, disconcerted, and unsatisfied wanted to also know how this beast was to be dealt with. She looked directly a Glenn…and then at Talis. Her denoted glare returned to Glenn. “What would you suggest we do about this animal – sir?” Talis moved to respond. Finkles threw up a hand with all five digits to signal a halt to the interruption. “I can stalk and trap this creature with a certain level of assistance,”’ replied the ranger. Without looking for confirmation from the commissioner, Captain Samuel assured the ranger of his support. Captain Noodles barked, “You have no authority to offer anything to this man!” The two captains glared at one another, one was filled with hatred and bitterness toward the other. Captain Samuel looked to his commissioner for support. The commissioner, in his usual divergence and belied acquiescence, gazed vicariously elsewhere. Mayor Finkles deftly replied, “Yeah, but I do!” The mayor beamed a sardonic, dour, and non-faggoted glare at the commissioner and offending captain, well aware of their canted behavior and practices.

“We need to deploy all resources in the capture and removal of this animal…at all cost.” She fiercely replied to the oppositional attitude of Noodles’ baneful disposition.

The cop sneered and steered his gaze towards the commissioner. Talis just stood there. He appeared to be a military type style of attention. The mayor had complete control over the situation. “Let’s hear it, Ranger!” The mayor sat down amongst the commissioners and zookeepers.

“The bear in the park is a monster. I suspect that it is also a product of the surreptitious people within that encampment,” exclaimed the ranger. The ranger vehemently expressed his belief. “I believe that this bear is an experiment that has gone wrong…because it has escaped and is now here with us – eating, living, and hunting.” 
https://gvb1210mine.wordpress.com/2016/02/18/67/ 

The One Page Edition:
gvb1210mine.Wordpress.com – Reads From Bottom To Top.

Filed Under: Bear, Fairmount Park
http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2016/05/13/black-bear-on-the-loose…
http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html 

Philadelphia and the surrounding counties hold abundant open spaces, wildlife refuges, bird sanctuaries, and state parks. These treasures provide Philly area residents with seemingly endless opportunities for viewing wildlife. From the mountains to the shore, nature buffs don’t need to travel far from the City of Brotherly Love to enjoy nature.

Til Next Time…

“Amazon” 
http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_e… 

Kodiak, Brown, and Grizzly Bears 
References:
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge
8601 Lindbergh Blvd.
Philadelphia, PA 19153
(215) 365-3118
www.heinz.fws.gov 
The John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge is a Philadelphia area gem; a veritable mecca of wildlife. Situated near Philly’s airport, this park is the result of an act of Congress, which moved to preserve the 1,200 acres of meadows, woodlands and marsh because it held the last 200 acres of fresh-water marsh in the state of Pennsylvania. With more than 300 bird species – including the bald eagle – making their home in the refuge, it is an excellent spot for birdwatching. Angling is also popular, as there is a wide variety of fish. The marshes and surrounding meadows and woodlands are home to a multitude of animals including turtles, snakes, frogs, muskrat, deer, and fox.

Nockamixon State Park
1542 Mountain View Drive
Quakertown, PA 18951
(215) 529-7300
www.dcnr.state.pa.us 
Located in Quakertown just an hour’s drive from Philadelphia, the 5,286 acres of Nockamixon State Park are home to abundant wildlife. Lake Nockamixon, one of the park’s most enticing features, is fed by three creeks including Tohickon Creek, Three Mile Run and Haycock Run. The waterway is home to a diverse population of fish as well as a number of water fowl, including a variety of migrating ducks and geese. Eagles and hawks can be spotted throughout the park, as can fox, raccoon, rabbit, deer, turkey, and even the occasional black bear.

The Philadelphia Zoo
3400 W. Girard Ave.
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 243-1100
www.philadelphiazoo.org 
For more than 150 years, the Philadelphia Zoo has provided visitors with unique opportunities to view and learn about wildlife from all over the world. Today, this Philly institution continues to connect people with wildlife through interactive exhibits that educate and foster appreciation for the diverse wildlife population that lives there. In addition to viewing and interacting with displays, the nation’s first zoo leads the community as an example for conservation and environmental sustainability. In addition to exploring the zoo on one’s own, membership, classes, camps and special events provide myriad opportunities for visitors to see and interact with the wildlife on display.
http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html 
http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2016/05/13/black-bear-on-the-loose…

 

imgs. of Bears:
https://www.google.com/search?q=image+of+bears&sa=X&espv=2&…

“Amazon” 
http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_e… 
Photo Coutesy of: 
errebeekeeper.wordpress.com 

~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~ 
http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html 
http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-b… 

 

*/

 

 

 

Def.Ref.:

Fagot:
non-faggoted

A bundle of sticks, twigs, or branches bound together and used as fuel, a fascine, a torch, etc.
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/fagot?s=t

/*

George Washington’s Letter to the Sultan of Morocco, 12.1.1789, New York City.

http://www.mountvernon.org/digital-encyclopedia/article/morocco/

 

~”Washington’s Plea to the Sultan of Morocco In The Americas”~

download.Sultan of Morocco1789_4.12.16

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

 

‘Washington’s Letter of Plea to The Black Sultan of Morocco’ provides more proof that The Black Man was in the land’s identified as ‘The United States of America!’ Oh Yes, We Were Here First!

 

“It gives me Pleasure to have this Opportunity of assuring your Majesty that, while I remain at the Head of this Nation, I shall not cease to promote every Measure that may conduce to the Friendship and Harmony, which so happily subsist between your Empire and them.”

~George Washington~

 

…Continued From The Article:

“Coat of Arms”

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?blog_id=292074&cid=10  

George Washington wrote a letter pleading with the ‘Sultan of Morocco’ for permission to reside and engage in commerce in the ‘Americas without being destroyed!’ The letter is dated December 1st, 1789, as recorded and archived in New York City. This shows the ruling culture of the Americas during that era. Oh yes, ruled and governed by Black People, the sovereign body of the land.

download.ArmouredKingJames_4.12.16

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=king%20james%20coat%20of%20arms  

 

~ Who Are The Moors–Jabbar Gaines El, Civil Alert Radio – www.Moorishsociety.com ~

 

King JamesVIandI:

‘A Black King of Moorish Descent’

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=black+king+james+history

Published on Jun 10, 2013

A brief history video and Biblical scriptures regarding the true King James VI who descended from a ruling line of black Kings and Queens in Europe; which began after the defeat of Rome in 193 AD. The Black ruling monarchs lasted until The Renaissance Period roughly 1500 – 1600. James commissioned Hebrew Israelites to translate the records & history of a biblical people into what is now known as “The Kings James 1611 Bible.”

134.3.BlackKingJames_4.12.16

 

Images of Black King James:

https://www.google.com/search?q=king+james+coat+of+arms&espv=2&biw=1137&bih=741&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwio9s7Ri4rMAhWMMSYKHaCYAHoQ7AkIMQ&dpr=0.9#tbm=isch&tbs=rimg%3ACcYfIJrQBWWRIjj1TwFQ82GNZSBWrInyBv3e2XiKE0oYdE50fREvEMJn_1N28zaLhLNKm2l4IY2g7gPCTNu32mknDHyoSCfVPAVDzYY1lEZFI1jHf7IzaKhIJIFasifIG_1d4RkUjWMd_1sjNoqEgnZeIoTShh0ThHugJLJIedrEyoSCXR9ES8Qwmf8EZFI1jHf7IzaKhIJ3bzNouEs0qYRD5_1ZWi2B_1_10qEgnaXghjaDuA8BGhq6YWyIhl4yoSCZM27faaScMfERSECqLyAC7k&q=king%20james%20coat%20of%20arms

 

“The Dark Ages Black Monarchy of Europe King James”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ci2iXB3GJj0

 

The White-Faced Versions:

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=king%20james%201

 

Hidden Colors:

“The Moors, The Greatest Race-Traitors In Black History”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOzI3GTU6Cc

https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=Hidden+Colors+%22The+Moors%2C+The+Greatest+Race-Traitors+In+Black+History%22

 

“Slavery and George Washington”

http://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/biography/?gclid=COSggJL6icwCFcYfhgodFlcOaQ

 

At age 11, George Washington inherited 10 slaves from his father. In those days in Virginia, the institution of slavery was considered “a given” and slaves, like land and other property, could be bought, sold, given away, rented out, and passed down through inheritance. As a young man, George was no different from other members of the Virginia planter class in his attitude that there was nothing morally wrong with slavery.

 

When he married Martha, Washington more than doubled the number of slaves under his control through “dower slaves” that she brought to the marriage. In 1759, there were about 40 slaves living at Mount Vernon. Although Washington had control over the dower slaves as a result of his marriage, they were not his property; instead they belonged to the estate of Martha’s first husband.

 

Washington’s enslaved manservant, Billy Lee, entered the war at Washington’s side and stayed with him throughout the revolution. Like his owner, Billy Lee was widely known as a courageous and expert horseman.

 

As Washington prepared his will, he drew up a list of the Mount Vernon slaves who belonged to either the Custis estate or to him. He found that altogether there were 316 enslaved men, women, and children living at Mount Vernon. Some of these individuals worked in the fields, while others were employed as house servants or as craftsmen in more than a dozen specialties ranging from blacksmithing, to spinning, to bricklaying, weaving, and cooking, to name just a few. At the time of the 1799 census, nearly half of Mount Vernon’s enslaved population was either too old or too young to work.

 

Washington made provisions in his will to free all of his own slaves but could not free those (or the descendants of those) whom Martha had brought to the marriage. By Virginia law, her grandchildren would inherit her “dower slaves.” Because the two groups had intermarried, emancipation of Washington’s slaves proved bittersweet.

 

By freeing his slaves, George Washington tried to set an example for others to follow. He was the only slaveholder among the founding fathers to free his slaves.

 

>

 

Morocco · George Washington’s Mount Vernon

http://www.mountvernon.org/search/?q=moors#gsc.tab=0&gsc.q=moors&gsc.page=1

http://www.mountvernon.org/digital-encyclopedia/article/morocco/

 

Morocco

HOMEDIGITAL ENCYCLOPEDIA MOROCCO

Morocco

About the Encyclopedia

Contributors

Call for Authors

Washington Research Library

9

 

“Great and Magnanimous Friend, Mohammed Ibn Abdullah, The Emperor of Morocco”

http://www.mountvernon.org/digital-encyclopedia/article/morocco/

 

On December 1, 1789, George Washington sat down to write a letter to an old friend of his country. Ironically, however, the letter recipient was someone that Washington had never met. Just over seven months earlier, Washington had been inaugurated the first president of the United States and had set up his office in the country’s temporary capital of New York City.

 

In the intervening months, he had begun putting together his cabinet, gotten Mrs. Washington and the two grandchildren they were raising settled in their new house, organized a scheme for his official entertaining, survived a near-fatal illness, and taken a one-month tour of the New England states. Now, as he started the letter, he began with the salutation, “Great and Magnanimous Friend.” The recipient of the letter he wrote that day was Mohammed Ibn Abdullah, the Emperor of Morocco.1

 

Sidi Mohammed learned about the American colonies’ struggle for independence through the French consul assigned to Morocco and via European newspapers. He began reaching out to the Americans on December 20, 1777, by including them on a list of countries who would be welcomed in Moroccan ports. In an effort to assist the process of opening diplomatic relations with the new country, several months later the Moroccan Emperor appointed a French merchant, Etienne Caille, to serve as consul for unrepresented nations—including the new United States—at his court.

 

Caille got to work quickly, writing on April 14, 1778 to Benjamin Franklin the American minister to France. Upon receiving the letter, Franklin sought the advice of French officials, who suggested that “it was not safe to have any correspondence with him.” Caille also tried to get through to the Americans via their minister in Madrid, John Jay.2

 

The American response must have disappointing. Years after Sidi Mohammed had first offered to open his ports to American shipping, president of the Continental Congress Samuel Huntington wrote to a friend to say that he had just received a letter on “Behalf of the Emperor inviting these United States to trade in his Ports.”3 It was another three months, in December 1780, before the President of Congress finally responded to the Emperor, assuring him of congressional desire “to cultivate a sincere and firm Peace, and Friendship with your Majesty, and to make it lasting to all Posterity.”4

 

Relations continued at a slow pace for another four years—seven years after the Emperor’s initial overtures to the Americans. In May of 1784, the Continental Congress “Resolved, That treaties of amity, or of amity and commerce, be entered into with Morocco, and the regencies of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoly, to continue for the same term of ten years, or for a term as much longer as can be procured.” After noting “That the occupations of the war and distance of our situation have prevented our meeting [the Emperor’s] friendship so early as we wished,” Congress also “Resolved, That a commission be issued to Mr. J. Adams, Mr. B. Franklin and Mr. T. Jefferson, giving powers to them…to make and receive propositions for such treaties of amity and Commerce, and to negotiate and sign the same, transmitting them to Congress for their final ratification; and that such commission be in force for a term not exceeding two years.”5

 

However, in Morocco, the Emperor would not have known about these developments until months later. Feeling that he needed to do something dramatic to get the Americans’ attention, he ordered the capture of an American ship and held it until he was sure that progress was finally underway. In August 1785, Thomas Jefferson wrote to a friend at home, confirming the story, explaining: “You have been told with truth that the Emperor of Marocco has shewn disposition to enter into treaty with us: but not truly that Congress has not attended to his advances and thereby disgusted him. . . His dispositions continue good. As a proof of this, he has lately released freely and cloathed well the crew of an American brig he took last winter.”6

 

The new American special agent for Morocco, Thomas Barclay, was appointed in October 1785 and arrived in the country the following summer. Within a week of his arrival in June 1786, Barclay met twice with the Emperor and was able to report that, “It will be agreeable…for you to know that the last draught of the treaty is made, and will probably be signed in a few days, and that our stay here will not exceed that of a week from this time.”7 The treaty negotiations were completed by the middle of July 1786 and Barclay set out for Europe. It took another year for the treaty to go into effect, signed by two of the Americans ministers, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, in January 1787. The treaty was ratified by Congress in July of the same year, and finally signed by the president of Congress on July 18, 1787.” It would remain in effect for fifty years.

 

It had taken almost ten years to bring the treaty to fruition, but when George Washington sat down to write his letter to the Emperor of Morocco, he knew that this friendship was significant. After explaining the change in the government with the adoption of the new Constitution, and introducing himself as the new head of the American government, Washington assured Sidi Mohammed that “The Encouragement which your Majesty has been pleased, generously, to give to our Commerce with your Dominions; the Punctuality with which you have caused the Treaty with us to be observed …make a deep Impression on the United States, and confirm their Respect for, and Attachment to your Imperial Majesty.”

 

Washington continued, explaining that, “It gives me Pleasure to have this Opportunity of assuring your Majesty that, while I remain at the Head of this Nation, I shall not cease to promote every Measure that may conduce to the Friendship and Harmony, which so happily subsist between your Empire and them.” Washington closed with these words of blessing: “May the Almighty bless your Imperial Majesty, our great and magnanimous Friend, with his constant Guidance and Protection.”9 Sadly, in keeping with the tenor of the confusing and complicated negotiations, Sidi Mohammed never received George Washington’s letter—the Emperor passed away two months before the missive arrived.

 

Mary V. Thompson

Research Historian

Mount Vernon Estate and Gardens

 

Notes:

  1. “George Washington to [Sidi Mohammed], The Emperor of Morocco, 1 December 1789,” The Writings of George Washington, Vol. 30, ed. John C. Fitzpatrick (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office), 474-6.

 

  1. “Samuel Huntington to Etienne d’Audibert Caille,” Letters of Delegates to Congress, Vol. 16 (September 1, 1780-February 28, 1781), eds. Paul H. Smith and others (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1989), 519n.

 

  1. “Samuel Huntington to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., 4 September 4, 1780,” Letters of Delegates to Congress, Vol. 16 (September 1, 1780-February 28, 1781), eds. Paul H. Smith and others (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1989), 16 & 17, 17n3 & 17n4.

 

  1. “Samuel Huntington to the Sultan of Morocco, [December 1780],” in Letters of Delegates to Congress, 16:519 & 519n, 16:520.

 

  1. “Resolution, 7 May 1784,” Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, 26:361-362.

 

  1. “Thomas Jefferson to John Page, 20 August 1785,” The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 8:418-419.

 

  1. “Thomas Barclay to American Peace Commissioners, 26 June 1786,” The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 10 (June 22, 1786-December 31, 1786), ed. Julian P. Boyd and others (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1954), 71-2.

 

  1. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, 585.

 

9.”George Washington to [Sidi Mohammed], The Emperor of Morocco, 1 December 1789,” The Writings of George Washington, Vol. 30, ed. John C. Fitzpatrick (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office), 474-6.

 

>

 

Morocco

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28dg016426%29%29:

 

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 16 September 1, 1780 – February 28, 1781

Samuel Huntington to the Sultan of Morocco

 

[December 1780] The Congress of the Thirteen United States of North America, to the High, Potent and Most Noble Prince, The King and Emperour of Morocco.

Most noble and puissant Prince!

 

We, the Congress of the Thirteen United States of North America, have been informed of Your Majesty’s favourable Regard to the Interests of the People we represent; which has been communicated by Mons Etienne D’Audibert Caille, of Salee, Consul for Foreign Nations unrepresented in Your Majesty’s States. (1) We assure you of our earnest Desire to cultivate a sincere and firm Peace, and Friendship with your Majesty, and to make it lasting to all Posterity.

 

In Order that we may demonstrate more fully the high Value we place upon the Amity of so enlightened and magnanimous a Prince, we have given the necessary Orders to our Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of His Most Christian Majesty, the King of France, and a proper Person will receive Powers to enter into Negociations for settling a Treaty of Peace and Commerce with such representative of Your Majesty as you may please to appoint. This, from Your Majesty’s great Wisdom and Generosity, we have no Doubt will be adjusted to the mutual Advantage of both Nations.

 

In the mean Time should any of the Subjects of our States come within <<your Majesty’s>Ports or Territories, we flatter ourselves they will receive the Benefit of your Protection and Benevolence. You may assure yourself of every Protection and Assistance to your Subjects from the People of these States whenever and wherever they may have it in their Power.

 

We pray your Majesty may enjoy long Life and uninterrupted Prosperity.

Signed in, and by Order of the Congress of the thirteen, United States of North America, Day of the Month of December in the year of our LORD Christ 1780 and of our Independence.

 

FC (DNA: PCC, item 98). In the hand of William Churchill Houston.

(1) See the preceding entry.

 

>

 

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875

 

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 16 September 1, 1780 – February 28, 1781 –Artemas Ward to Unknown

 

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 16 September 1, 1780 – February 28, 1781

Artemas Ward to Unknown

 

Sir [December 1780] (1)

Your Letter of the twenty fourth of Novr. last is at last come to hand; for which I return you my warmest thanks. With astonishment I read the several pieces of Intelligence. In the year 1760 Octor. 25.

 

Page 521

DECEMBER 1780

Link to date-related documents.

Artemas Ward

Page 522

 

DECEMBER 1780

Link to date-related documents.

 

G_____ the third came to the Throne. What declarations & Promises did he make? What fulsome addresses were presented to him? On the 25 of Octor. 80._____ (2) came to the throne [. . .] has he promised & recommended in words, and what fulsome nonsense has been presented to him, by way [of] addresses? Has the conduct of the two gr[eat men] anyways comported with their former declarations & engagements? I [ think ] not at all. The conduct of the last has been such if I am rightly informed, that the Jealousy of all ought to be awakened, Lest the morals of the people are debauched by his evil examples & [. . .] State we become a profligate Commonwealth. However I am always for making the best of everything-I think it is a smile in Providence that he has discovered himself so dearly to the people and so early after his accession (as it is called in one of the acts). Unless the people are Stupidly blind (which I don’t think they are) they will see their error, and if proper measures are taken previous to the next-to rouse the Genious of old Cato to address them in the mouth of & in the manner mentioned by my friend, great good will arise to the Community. People many times run into excesses for want of consideration & when this is the case there is no more effectual way to bring them to a sense of their duty than, to address them in a serious, and Solemn manner. It is of importance that it should be done in due season; should it be delayed until the people are habituated to these Views it will be more difficult to bring them off & there will be danger of a general corruption of morals. Should this corruption spread we shall have reason to fear that destruction will follow. I am sometimes ready to fear that, this Generation must be moved of[f] the Stage [before?] Peace, Liberty & Righteousness will flourish on this Continent in a manner wished for. The Stiff necked Israelites of old, were made to wander in the wilderness until the rebellious generation were dead before the tribes of Israel were permitted to enjoy the Promised land. Innumerable have been the remarkable appearances of Divine Providence in favour of this people but alas how unmindful have they been of the Hand that supported and the Ar[m] that saved them. If there was that attention paid to Virtue and Religion which ought to be, and a sincere desire to acknowledge God in all our ways we might then have grounds to hope in the Divine favour for deliverance from a[ll] the Calamities we now feel. But so long as the people with their rulers at their head are in pursute of folly & vanity, we have no reason to expect anything [but] that the hand of the Lord will be stretched out against us & we be made to feel [the] terribleness of His wrath. It is the duty of every one to exert himself to info[rm] the ignorant and to reclaim the vicious, to stir up the minds of all to a sense [of] their duty, that the great exertions of our Pious ancestors to establish a re[fuge] for Liberty & Righteousness on this continent may not at this period be lo[st] through the abounding folly & wickedness of us their degenerate offspring.

 

Page 523

JANUARY 1, 1781

Link to date-related documents.

 

FC (MHi: Ward Papers). In the hand of Artemas Ward.

(1) Although this letter is undated, Ward was responding to one ‘of the twenty fourth of Novr. lasts from an unknown correspondent who had obviously discussed the October 25, 1780, inauguration of John Hancock as governor of Massachusetts.

(2) That is, John Hancock.

 

>

 

Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789

 

The United States of America, in Congress assembled, to all who shall see these presents, greetings : Whereas the United States of America in Congress assembled, by their commission bearing date the twelfth day of May one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, thought proper to constitute John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson, their ministers plenipotentiary, giving to them, or a majority of them, full powers to confer, treat and negociate with the ambassador, minister or commissioner of His Majesty the Emperor of Morocco

 

1.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=bdsdcc&fileName=22601//bdsdcc22601.db&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/bdsbib:@field%28NUMBER+@od1%28bdsdcc+22601%29%29&linkText=0&presId=bdsbib

 

2.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=bdsdcc&fileName=22601//bdsdcc22601.db&recNum=1&itemLink=r?ammem/bdsbib:@field%28NUMBER+@od1%28bdsdcc+22601%29%29&linkText=0

 

3.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=bdsdcc&fileName=22601//bdsdcc22601.db&recNum=2&itemLink=r?ammem/bdsbib:@field%28NUMBER+@od1%28bdsdcc+22601%29%29&linkText=0

 

4.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=bdsdcc&fileName=22601//bdsdcc22601.db&recNum=3&itemLink=r?ammem/bdsbib:@field%28NUMBER+@od1%28bdsdcc+22601%29%29&linkText=0

 

5.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28dg016426%29%29:

 

‘Untold Black History: The Moors and Myths Surrounding The Slavery Holocaust’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6R43NfNQc9o

 

Images of The Sultan of Morocco:

https://www.google.com/search?q=Image+of+the+Sultan+of+Morocco+1789&espv=2&biw=1137&bih=692&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjspuHikYrMAhWDOiYKHdv8CJwQ7AkIOA&dpr=0.9#imgrc=_nuDpiOkKXB2CM%3A

 

This report is significant in the delivery of data and/or information regarding the ‘True History’ of Blacks in World History. Many images and records of Prominent Black Leadership around the world have been ‘white-washed’ in order to present the only leadership possible is that of the white race. This article provides historic detail and recordings of agreements, pleas, deals, and pacts of bi-racial communications to the contrary whereas the lunatic assumptions detailing whites as the leaders and progenitors of “the True World Order.”

 

~ “It’s Not The Things You Know, It’s The Things You Know That Just Ain’t So!” ~

 

 

Til Next Time…

 

In Pride, Justice, Truth, Peace, and Love,

 

‘G’

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

 

 

~ “SANKOFA” the “MAAFA” ~

 

 

 

*/

 

 

 

~ “The Difference Between Hebrewism and Judaism” ~

the Lion of Judah.Black_12.18.15
By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608
https://independent.academia.edu/GregoryVBoulware

Hebrewism is the ideology of Hebraic reconstructionism which is the reconstruction and restoration of the ancient Hebraic religion.
There is also a religion called Judaism, a set of ideas about the world and the way we should live our lives that is called “Judaism.” It is studied in Religious Studies courses and taught to Jewish children in Hebrew schools.
Black or Ethiopian Jews also known as Beta Israel and sometimes called Falashas were virtually unknown, disrespected, and unrecognized in America.

While many of us don’t truly believe that the ‘Bible’ speaks to and of us, there exists the mythology and mysticism of who is and who isn’t a Hebrew or a Jew. Many believe that Judaism and Hebrewism is one and the same.

Well I’m here to tell you that belief is extraordinarily to the contrary – “It’s Not The Things You Know, its The Things You Know That Just Ain’t So!”

~(R.B., Philadelphia Black Talk Radio)~

Africa, Egypt, and Israel have hosted and sprouted a vast number of Black People and Hebrew Cultures that have transcended the worlds continents and its PEOPLE! Do you know who you are? From where You have come? Did you learn to become ignorant in America’s Scholastic Endeavor to KEEP YOU BLIND AND IGNORANT TO YOUR PAST, YOUR PEOPLE, AND YOUR HERITAGE?

Do not fear…there are those of us who know this and that about a few things that you, your children, friends, and families should know – Learn and Remember for the sake of your existence, future, and posterity!

/*
According to ‘Judaism 101,’ many people who call themselves Jews do not believe in that religion at all! More than half of all Jews in Israel today call themselves “secular,” and don’t believe in God or any of the religious beliefs of Judaism. Half of all Jews in the United States don’t belong to any synagogue. They may practice some of the rituals of Judaism and celebrate some of the holidays, but they don’t think of these actions as religious activities.

Hebraic Reconstructionism believes in the ideology of Hebraic reconstructionism which is the reconstruction and restoration of the ancient Hebraic religion. It is said that Hebrewism is very similar to Judaism, but is quite distinct at the same moment. Judaism is different from the ancient Hebraic religion and it derives its doctrine by rabbinic sources while Hebrewism rejects those sources and derives its doctrine by solely the Tanakh, also known as the Hebraic Bible. Our doctrine is more aligned with Karaism which solely believes in the Tanakh as well, but isn’t based on reconstruction of the ancient Hebraic religion, unlike Hebrewism. It could even be said Hebrewism is a sect of Karaism since most of our doctrine comes from it.

A Hebraic reconstructionist, or just Hebrew, Neo-Hebrew, Hebrewist, or Eberite for short, is someone who believes in the one true Elohim of the Hebrews, the reconstruction of the ancient Hebraic religion, and in the Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim, also known as the Tanakh. They believe all mandatory doctrine solely comes from the Tanakh and all other traditions are optional as long it does not conflict with the Tanakh. If they were already circumcised before, then they would just start following and interpreting the Tanakh in its plain meaning. If they weren’t circumcised before, then they would undergo circumcision and also follow the Tanakh in its plain meaning. If your former belief caused you to break the Tanakh, you would repent of your sins against it.

Hebrews believe in the one true Elohim of the Hebrews, the reconstruction of the ancient Hebraic Culture and religion, and in the Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim, also known as the Tanakh. We believe all mandatory doctrine solely comes from the Tanakh and all other traditions are optional as long it does not conflict with the Tanakh.
http://hebrewism.weebly.com/

Who are Ashkenazic Jews?

Ashkenazic Jews are the Jews of France, Germany, and Eastern Europe and their descendants. The adjective “Ashkenazic” and corresponding nouns, Ashkenazi (singular) and Ashkenazim (plural) are derived from the Hebrew word “Ashkenaz,” which is used to refer to Germany. Most American Jews today are Ashkenazim, descended from Jews who emigrated from Germany and Eastern Europe from the mid-1800s to the early 1900s.

Who are Sephardic Jews?
Sephardic Jews are the Jews of Spain, Portugal, North Africa and the Middle East and their descendants. The adjective “Sephardic” and corresponding nouns Sephardi (singular) and Sephardim (plural) are derived from the Hebrew word “Sepharad,” which refers to Spain.

The Yiddish language, which many people think of as the international language of Judaism, is really the language of Ashkenazic Jews. Sephardic Jews have their own international language: Ladino, which was based on Spanish and Hebrew in the same way that Yiddish was based on German and Hebrew.

There are some Jews who do not fit into this Ashkenazic/Sephardic distinction. Yemenite Jews, Ethiopian Jews (also known as Beta Israel and sometimes called Falashas), and Asian Jews also have some distinct customs and traditions. These groups, however, are relatively small and virtually unknown in America.

Sephardic Jews are often subdivided into Sephardim, from Spain and Portugal, and Mizrachim, from the Northern Africa and the Middle East. The word “Mizrachi” comes from the Hebrew word for Eastern. There is much overlap between the Sephardim and Mizrachim. Until the 1400s, the Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and the Middle East were all controlled by Muslims, who generally allowed Jews to move freely throughout the region. It was under this relatively benevolent rule that Sephardic Judaism developed. When the Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492, many of them were absorbed into existing Mizrachi communities in Northern Africa and the Middle East, quotes ‘Judaism 101.’

Historically, it is also recorded that Sephardic Jews have been more integrated into the local non-Jewish culture than Ashkenazic Jews. In the Christian lands where Ashkenazic Judaism flourished, the tension between Christians and Jews was great, and Jews tended to be isolated from their non-Jewish neighbors, either voluntarily or involuntarily. In the Islamic lands where Sephardic Judaism developed, there was less segregation and oppression. Sephardic Jewish thought and culture was strongly influenced by Arabic and Greek philosophy and science.

Mizrachi: Descendants of Jews from North Africa and the Middle East
• Other subgroups are Yemenite, Ethiopian and Oriental
http://www.jewfaq.org/judaism.htm
http://www.jewfaq.org/ashkseph.htm

Research and discoveries unfold continuously revealing the nature and true origins of mankind, especially Black People. Many authors and writers have gone above and beyond the call to eradicate the existence, heritage, and contributions to the world by Majestic, Historical, and Original Black Civilizations and Cultures primarily because much of the world’s knowledge and wisdom is derived from this EARTHLY BLACK LEADERSHIP!

Til Next Time…

In Pride, Justice, Truth, Peace, and Love,

‘G’
http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html

~ “SANKOFA” the “MAAFA” ~

*/

Hebrewism:
https://www.google.com/search?q=Hebrewism&oq=h&aqs=chrome.1.69i60j69i59j69i60l4.2708j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
Judaism:
https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=judaism

 

‘WINNSBORO’

CottonPlantation_2.16.16

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

 

 

Winnsboro, South Carolina:

 

“Winnsboro Cotton Mill Blues,” an industrial folk song of the 1930s with lyrics typical of the Blues, refers to working in a cotton mill in this city. Textile mills were constructed in the area beginning in the late 19th century and originally workers were restricted to whites. The song developed after the textile mill had been converted to a tire manufacturing plant, reflecting the widespread expansion of the auto industry. The song has been sung by ‘Lead Belly,’ Pete Seeger, and other artists. It was the basis of one of the ballads by modernist composer/pianist Frederic Rzewski in his Four North American Ballads for solo piano, completed in 1979.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

 

Earth shifting of Equinox and Conscious Enlightenment and the “Awakening of the Black Hebrew Tribes of Judah”

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?blog_id=287852&cid=10

 

‘7th Angel Chronicles’ just commented on a post entitled “King David, Immoral Consensus Being Incited by Satan to Number the Tribes of Israel?”

In Chronicles 1 and 2 on Black In America.com.

To view this response and post your own comments visit:

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?cid=10&blog_id=290619

 

New trial sought for SC boy, 14, executed in 1944

Associated Press

By

JEFFREY COLLINS

http://news.yahoo.com/trial-sought-sc-boy-14-executed-1944-172035983.html

 

>

 

My Mother spoke to me of the reason why my ‘Grandfather’ had been shipped up north to ‘Pittsburgh, Pa.’ back in the day. The conversation only arose due to the fact that I’ve seen a photo of my Grandfather when he was somewhere around the age of six or seven years of age. My cousin, who is my mother’s first cousin, is in possession of many photos of the ‘Boulware-Butler Clan’ from way back before I was born. That would be well over sixty years back…

 

Now, in this particular photo, the little boy was playing around some nice looking automobiles that were parked in what appeared to be a ‘well-to-do-community.’ That community was supposedly in the south.

 

I also asked, “Ma how is it possible that “Buster” was sent up north to ‘Pittsburgh’ by ‘Ma-Sweet,’ while attending high-school in the south along with my ‘Grandmother’ and my Grand-Aunts and Uncles?”

 

My Mother explained that my Grandfather had been sent up north (from “The Hot LZ”) for some unknown reason but assumed, for his safety. Apparently there had been a string of ‘lynching’s’ going on and she wanted him out of the state, out of the south.

 

In the late 19th century after white Democrats regained control of state legislatures in the South, they passed laws establishing racial segregation of public facilities and disfranchising Blacks, excluding them from the political system.

My Grandmother never spoke much about what went on back in those days. There were many family secrets afoot. It is one of the fallacies of my family, the failure of disclosing stories surrounding our family tree. In the currently in production and soon to be released book, “BOULWARE*BUTLER” a Two-Blood Legacy; this being one of the story’s enclosed within the pages of ‘CHRONICLED.’

 

I don’t know what life was like back in ole’ ‘Winnsboro, S.C.,’ but I sure would have liked for someone in the family to have pasted on the history. Five Generations of Boulware-Butler Kinsmen have survived from the trek north. From Winnsboro, South Carolina to Baltimore, Md., parts of Delaware, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and New Haven, Connecticut leaves a trail of family members known and unknown.

 

For what-ever reason he had to leave, he sure as hell did make it back down to the south to attend high school where he met my Grandmother. The story that I am most familiar with is the one that began in the ‘Holmesburg’ section of Philadelphia as well as all the folks from ‘Baltimore.’

 

In Holmesburg, my Momma and her cousins were reputed to be the finest looking young ladies in the neighborhood. I’ve been told by family members that the four Boulware-Butler Girls were the most popular from the high school groups to all of the local sock-hop, Bop, and Slop Parties in and of the surrounding area of Philly’s “In-Crowd.” They used to get chased out of and from within the walls of the old “Green-Tree Bar” on the corner of ‘Welsh Road and Frankford Avenue.’ The family house remains to this day on Frankford Avenue. The first of the two used to be an old single three story Tudor looking structure with what looked like a steeple for an attic. It was spooky looking at night. The perfect ‘Halloween’ house. The old house used to stand way back near the ‘Rail-Road Tracks’ near the ole general store which was down yonder the rail apiece. The house even had its own “Out-House” as well. We as kids, used to play in it and catch spiders and such. The house and the ‘out-house’ are long-gone. A bunch of horse stables and smaller houses are the replacement.

 

‘Rosa (Rose, my Mother), Geraldine, Bertha, and Ernestine (Cousins),’ were simply known as “The Original Butt-Sisters of Holmesburg, PA!” Our ‘Uncle Kutch,’ used to chase them home from hanging out at or near the bar, and off the street. He knew how popular the family girls were to the neighborhood boys. He didn’t much like “His Girls” being so popular and chased after. But we all knew how proud he always was.

 

From “Mamma-Kitty” on down to my “Youngest Grandchild,” (and Our Descendents beyond Them) this article and the forthcoming book chronicles five generations of ‘Boulware-Butler Descendents’ from the South (“The Hot LZ”) to the North American Transplant.

 

The text therein will also attempt to link the connection with the ‘Indigenous People’ of that South Carolina Community in light of rumors and / or stories of “Our Indian Family Members!”

>

 

Message from the Mayor:

 

Welcome to the official website of the Town of Winnsboro, South Carolina. Often referred to as the “Charleston of the Upcountry”, Winnsboro, located in the upper Piedmont region, was named in honor of the Winn family, and abounds with historic and architecturally interesting homes and buildings. We invite you to explore our website and learn about the historic Fairfield County Courthouse, the Town Clock, the Fairfield County Museum, and more. Important forms and government information is also available for your convenience.

 

County:

Fairfield County is located in the Midlands region of South Carolina. It is uniquely positioned halfway between New York and Miami. The total area of the county is 687 square miles. The county seat, which is the Town of Winnsboro, is less than one hour’s drive from the Douglas International Airport and upscale shopping offered in Charlotte, North Carolina, and less than one half hour’s drive to South Carolina’s capitol city of Columbia and the State’s flagship University, the University of South Carolina. Fairfield County has the very unique advantage of being located within close proximity to urban areas and their amenities, while offering all of the benefits of a rural county. With a total area of 687 square miles, two recreational lakes encompassing more than 20,700 acres, 11,080 acres of the Sumter National Forest and small town charm with historical significance during the Revolutionary War, Winnsboro allows for a relaxing pace of life with the hustle and bustle of larger metropolitan areas close at hand.

 

Higher Education:

There are no institutions of higher education in Fairfield County, but in just a short thirty minute drive away are several colleges and universities in the Columbia area. The state’s flagship university, the University of South Carolina is located in the heart of downtown Columbia. There are nine colleges and universities in the Columbia area including the University of South Carolina, Midlands Technical College, Allen University, Benedict College, Columbia College, Columbia International University, Columbia Junior College, South University and Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary. Also located close by are the Central Carolina Technical College in Sumter and Newberry College in Newberry.

 

Director Building and Zoning

Physical Address: 403 South Vanderhorst St.

Winnsboro, S.C. 29180

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 209, Winnsboro, S.C. 29180

(803) 635-6521 office (803) 635-3697 fax

winnsborostreets@truvista.net

7:30 am to 4:00 pm Monday-Friday

 

The Office of Zoning Administration ensures compliance to the Town of Winnsboro’s Zoning Ordinance. The Zoning Administrator reviews zoning request and schedules public hearings, permits signs, reviews plans to ensure compliance to zoning land use regulations, and enforces all provisions in the Zoning Ordinance.

 

Town Council, District #1

PO Box 209, Winnsboro SC 29180

danmiller@truvista.net  

(One Black Man on an all-white cabinet)

 

Roger Gaddy, M.D.

Mayor

 

Anne Stewart

Clerk to Council

PO Box 209, Winnsboro SC 29180  

annestewart@truvista.net  

or

(803)635-6364

or

(803) 635-3333 ext. 1

Schedules reservations for the Old Armory, Clerk to Town Council.

>

Tourist Section:

A town for all times

 

A “Town for All Times”, Winnsboro is nestled in Fairfield County, South Carolina. Dating back to the mid 1700’s, the Town of Winnsboro is rich in history from the American Revolution through present day. Winnsboro is approximately 30 miles from the State Capitol with easy driving time into Columbia, S.C. and Charlotte, N.C. We are located in the Midlands of South Carolina.

 

Winnsboro has a population of about 4,000, who enjoy the beauty of antebellum homes and great recreational facilities.

Winnsboro is truly a “Town for All Times” with small town southern hospitality and modern day amenities.

 

Places listed on the National Register of Historic Places for Winnsboro range from an Archaic period archeological site, to structures and districts spanning the European-American/African-American history of the city, as in the following list:

 

Albion, Balwearie, Blair Mound, Dr. Walter Brice House and Office, Concord Presbyterian Church, Furman Institution Faculty Residence, Hunstanton, Ketchin Building, Bob Lemmon House, Liberty Universalist Church and Feasterville Academy Historic District, McMeekin Rock Shelter, Mount Olivet Presbyterian Church, New Hope A.R.P. Church and Session House, Old Stone House, Rockton and Rion Railroad Historic District, Rural Point, Shivar Springs Bottling Company Cisterns, The Oaks, Tocaland, White Oak Historic District, and the Winnsboro Historic District are listed.

 

In the late 19th century after white Democrats regained control of state legislatures in the South, they passed laws establishing racial segregation of public facilities and disfranchising blacks, excluding them from the political system.

In 1960 in the United States Supreme Court decision of Boynton v. Virginia, the court ruled that racial segregation was unconstitutional in interstate bus stations, restaurants, and bathrooms and on buses, as these were covered by constitutional protections of free interstate commerce. The African American Civil Rights Movement had begun to use public demonstrations and events to build public awareness.

In 1961, CORE decided to test the bus ruling by sending Mixed Racial Groups of Freedom Riders to ride interstate buses and use facilities in the Segregated Southern United States to challenge practices related to segregation of buses and bus stations. They intended to travel through the Deep South and end at New Orleans. They were met by increasing violence as they went south. Winnsboro was one of the cities where some Freedom Riders were beaten by local whites and arrested by local officials. One was rescued by a local African-American man while outrunning a white mob.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

 

 

Native / Indigenous American Connection:

 

Beaver Creek Indians, Edisto Natchez-Kusso Indians, Pee Dee Nation of Upper South Carolina, Pee Dee Tribe of South Carolina, Santee Indian Organization (formerly White Oak Indian Community), Waccamaw Indian People, Wassamasaw Tribe of Varnertown Indians, Chaloklowa Chickasaw Indian People, Eastern Cherokee, Southern Iroquois and United Tribes of South Carolina, Inc., (also known as Cherokee Indian Tribe of South Carolina aor ECSIUT), Natchez Indian Tribe, Pee Dee Indian nation of Beaver Creek, and Piedmont Ameriacan Indian Association of South Carolina.

 

Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of South Carolina, at least for a short time. The following tribal names have been suggested as having resided in South Carolina, but no documentation for their contact with this state has been identified.

 

Cherokee – Iroquaian, Siouan, Muskhogean and Algonquain Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw.

 

Winnsboro has a population of about 4,000, who enjoy the beauty of antebellum homes and great recreational facilities.

Winnsboro is truly a “Town for All Times” with small town southern hospitality and modern day amenities.

 

https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_South_Carolina

Tribes and Bands of South Carolina

A list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled by John R. Swanton in his The Indian Tribes of North America[1] Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became South

Carolina. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. And some may simply be variant spellings.

 

Catawba, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Congaree, Creek, Cusabo, Eno, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pedee, Saluda, Santee, Sewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Winyaw, Yamasee, and Yuchi.

 

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

 

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

 

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size.

Sometimes, especially during the later policy of “termination,” the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

 

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America, the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[3], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

 

Reservation Map – South Carolina – Indian Reservations – Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

 

¦Catawba Reservation, State, Tribe: Catawba

Records

A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:

 

¦Catawba Indian Records: The Second Census of the Catawba Indians and Other Miscellaneous Records. MSS. FHL Book 970.3

C281c

¦The Never-ending Road: American Roma (Gypsy), Travellers, & “Others”: Early Native American Indian Remnants & Other SC

Ethnic Groups.

Family History Library

The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in South Carolina in the colonial era.

 

¦The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, Red Carolinians

(Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940) FHL book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5

¦To access other documents and histories of Indians in South Carolina available through the Family History Library, use the Place-names search at the Family History Library Catalog for:

SOUTH CAROLINA – NATIVE RACES SOUTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY] – NATIVE RACES

 

Web Sites:

Carolina Indian Heritage Association South Carolina’s Information Highway (SCIWAY) This site gives information on the South Carolina Indians:

Tribes, Geography, History, Language, Place Names and Resources

 

See also:

South Carolina – Church Records for a list of missions

 

South Carolina – Military Records for a list of forts, South Carolina_History

 

References:

 

  1. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available Online.

 

  1. National Atlas of the United States of America — Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.

 

  1. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E (Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991) FHL book 973 E5.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santee_tribe

 

Historically the Santee were a small tribe (est. at a population of 3000 around 1600 AD), speaking a Siouan language and centered in the area of the present town of Santee, South Carolina. Their settlement was along the Santee River, since dammed and called Lake Marion.

http://santeebeadman.tripod.com/

 

Mailing Address:

208 Foster Mill Circle

Pauline, SC 29374

dukesaxe@yahoo.com

Contact the Webmaster at

aloneanangel@yahoo.com

http://www.discoversouthcarolina.com/Insider/outdoor/Blog/11927

http://www.knowitall.org/periscope/display/showgalleryentry.cfm?entryID=89

 

Relationships with the English:

 

When General James Oglethorpe and his Georgia colonists arrived in 1733, Creek-English relations were already well established. 

 

Oglethorpe with Creek Indians Early interaction between Creeks and colonists centered on the exchange of slaves and deerskins for foreign products like textiles and kettles. Soon after the establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks set up a brisk business capturing and selling Florida Indians to their new neighbors. By 1715 this segment of the trade had nearly disappeared for lack of supply and demand. Deerskins then became the main currency.

 

For most of Georgia’s colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Not until the 1760s did the Creeks become a minority population in Georgia. They ceded the balance of their lands to the new state in the 1800s.

 

When Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas, no such nation existed. At that time most Southeastern natives lived in centralized mound-building societies, Etowah Indian Mounds whose architectural achievements are still visible today.

http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-579

 

‘500 Nations’ Pennsylvania Powwows:

http://500nations.com/tribes/Tribes_States.asp

 

‘The Catawba Nation’

http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/catawba.html

The Catawba — also known as Issa or Esaw, but most commonly Iswa — are a federally recognized tribe of Native Americans, known as the Catawba Indian Nation. They live in the Southeast United States, along the border between North and South Carolina near the city of Rock Hill. The Catawba were once considered one of the most powerful Southeastern Siouan-speaking tribes. The Catawba and other Siouan peoples are believed to have coalesced as individual tribes in the Southeast.

 

They served during the American Revolutionary War with the colonists against the British. Decimated by earlier smallpox epidemics, tribal warfare and social disruption, the Catawba declined markedly in number in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The people ceded their homeland to South Carolina in 1840 by a treaty that was not approved by the United States and was automatically invalid.

 

In addition, for decades the Catawba pursued various land claims against the government for the losses due to the illegal treaty made by South Carolina in 1840 and the failure of the federal government to protect their interests. In 1993 the federal government reversed the “termination”, recognized the Catawba Indian Nation and, together with the state of South Carolina, settled the land claims for $50 million to go toward economic development for the Nation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catawba_people

Catawba Indian Nation

996 Avenue of the Nations

Rock Hill, SC 29730

Phone: 1-803-366-4792

Fax: 1.803.366.0629

http://catawbaindian.net/our-government/department-supervisors/  

info@catawabaindian.net

 

The Coosa Nation:

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/creek/early-history/coosa_and_their_descendants.htm

 

“Those they had brought along as guides, being people who had been there before, declared that they must have been bewitched when this country seemed to them so rich and populated as they had stated. The arrival of the Spaniards in former years had driven the Indians up into the forests, where they preferred to live among the wild beasts who did no harm to them, but whom they could master, than among the Spaniards at whose hands they received injuries, although they were good to them.

 

Those from Coza received the guests well, liberally, and with kindness, and the Spaniards appreciated this, the more so as the actions of their predecessors did not call for it. They gave them each day four fanegas6 of corn for their men and their horses, of which latter they had fifty and none of which, even during their worst sufferings from hunger, they had wanted to kill and eat, well knowing that the Indians were more afraid of horses, and that one horse gave them a more warlike appearance, than the fists of two men together.

 

But the soldiers did not look for maize; they asked most diligently where the gold could be found and where was the silver, because only for the hopes of this as a dessert had they endured the fasts of the painful journey. Every day little groups of them went searching through the country and they found it all deserted and without news of gold. From only two tribes were there news about gold – one was the Oliuahali which they had just left; the others were the Napochies, who lived farther on. Those were enemies to those of Coza, and they had very stubborn warfare with each other, the Napochies avenging some offense they had received at the hands of the people of Coza.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coosa_chiefdom

 

Tribes of South Carolina

https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_South_Carolina

… – 5 Nations of S.C. – Catawba, Santee, Creek, Coosa, and Sioux Nations – NATIVE PRIDE!

http://www.museumofindianculture.org/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnsboro,_South_Carolina

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=Winnsbora%2C+South+Carolina

 

 

The New Book, ‘Chronicled,’ should open a few more doors of knowledge of the journey from Africa to the “Hot-LZ” of South Carolina for the ‘Family Boulware*Butler, A Two-Blood Legacy.’

 

 

 

Til Next Time…

*/

 

~ ‘Black American Freedom Fighters’ ~

Abolitionist In 1844, William Still moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he began working as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. When Philadelphia abolitionists organized a committee to aid runaway slaves reaching Philadelphia, Still became its chairman. By the 1850s, Still was a leader of Philadelphia’s African-American community. In 1859 he attempted to desegregate the city’s public transit system.  He opened a stove store during the American Civil War, and later started a coal delivery business.

http://blackamericanfreedomfighters.blogspot.com/

 

“DESCENDANT”

God said to Noah, “Because I know man to be weak and forgetful, once more I will tell you, as I told Adam; the Earth is yours to rule in goodness and justice. It will feed you and comfort you but you must take care of the Earth, and of one another, as well. Above all, I hate murder and bloodshed, for it is the same thing as denying God, in which the image of man was made.”

http://gboulwaredescendants.blogspot.com/

 

~ “The Lost Tribes of Twelve and Yahveh the Father” ~

Just as God had prophesied to Jeroboam through the prophet Ahijah, Jeroboam was king of ten tribes, and was well established, for God Himself stopped Rehoboam’s attack. Instead of doing as God had instructed, Jeroboam sought to secure his position through establishing a system of idolatry that would ensure no contact between the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah.

 

The ten northern tribes quickly fell into the same idolatry for which Solomon had been judged. Jeroboam made two golden calves and set one in Beth-El, a city of Ephraim, and the other in Dan, the principle city of the tribe of Dan. Jeroboam had reason to create his own system of worship. As all the men of Israel were required to appear in Jerusalem for the feasts of Pesakh (Passover), Shavuot (Pentecost) and Succot (Tabernacles) each year, this would likely lead to a reunification of the northern and southern kingdoms, because Jerusalem lay in the southern kingdom of Judah. Jeroboam halted this pilgrimage and filled the void of the true Temple worship by creating his own temple, priesthood and system of worship. (I Kings 12: 22-33)

 

The northern kingdom of Israel was never able to repent of their idolatry and for this God judged them. Taken captive, Ephraim and its kingdom were eventually scattered throughout the nations never returning to Israel, just as Jacob has prophesied. Hosea, who was a prophet to the ten northern tribes, speaks of their sin and future reunification, especially in chapters 11-13.

http://yahvehthefatherthelosttribesoftwelve.blogspot.com/

 

~ “The Colour of the Old West” ~

The Black and (so-called) Red Man were in fact, kinsmen! Did you ever wonder about your buddy who told you about his or her Indian relatives…their Grandparents…their Great-Grandparents? Many of us have passed it off as believing they wanted to be identified, as other than Black – they did not want to be Black. Folks would say things like – “they ain’t Indian, they just don’t wanna be Black Folks cause they head is nappy and they wants to be like the white folks.” We’ve heard many claim to be children of the Cherokee, Seminole, or Black Feet. Many of us didn’t believe it…guess what? I’ve got news for you…we were wrong – dead wrong! To not believe them was another of the misleading paths and disenfranchised heritage denied to us by European descendents who claimed this land as their own. We as Black Americans have more of an Indian bloodline than you’d d think…or care to believe.

http://colouroftheoldwest.blogspot.com/

 

Posting List Links and Locations to Articles by Boulware

~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~

http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-books-by-boulware 

 

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583   

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware 

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608     

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

 

 

Images of ‘Cotton Plantations:

https://www.google.com/search?q=images+of+cotton+plantations&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&imgil=2Dik61XQ6YrBiM%253A%253BOkXDOJdOMSFeEM%253Bhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fctlsites.uga.edu%25252Fhist2111-wolf2015%25252Fauthor%25252Fluke137%25252F&source=iu&pf=m&fir=2Dik61XQ6YrBiM%253A%252COkXDOJdOMSFeEM%252C_&usg=__Xk_nQwaeVN_PkWsFyYUo8W5XKMU%3D&ved=0ahUKEwjLpcrLt_3KAhUFWxoKHa8bA8AQyjcILw&ei=VrDDVsuiGYW2aa-3jIAM#imgrc=2Dik61XQ6YrBiM%3A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“The ancestors of Black Indians often created an American Sisterhood and Brotherhood we have tried to maintain under terrible circumstances and in the face of armed opposition.”

 

‘They Know We Have A History’

Still Water Lakes_1995

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

 

In the tradition of ‘Black History Month’ this article is derived from the latent works of Mr. William Loren Katz, author of ‘Black Indians, A Hidden Heritage.’ I have deemed his works and much valued research a treasure and inclusive if not at the forefront of the contributions submitted by this author.

 

As it is posted within the book, one of the longest unwritten chapters in the history of the United States is that treating of the relations of the Negroes and the Indians. “The Indians were already here when the white men came and the Negroes brought in soon after to serve as a subject race found among the Indians one of their means of escape”…stated Carter G. Woodson, Journal of Negro History, 1920 ~

 

“In the course of time the American People got into Florida and began to live. This of course, caused trouble. The ‘Colored People’ and the ‘Indians,’ being natives of the land, naturally went on the warpath. They fought until the American People called for peace. The Indians and the Negroes gave them peace.”…stated Joe Philips, Black Seminole, 1930 ~

 

“The European is to the other races of mankind what man himself is to the lower animals: he makes them subservient to his use and when he cannot subdue he destroys them.”…stated

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835 ~

 

Over and over again, I have come across data and written evidence to confirm the knowledge of Black Domination in many lands across the globe. European slavers have known this fact also. In fact, they knew it before many of us (generations of the 18th thru 21st century) did. The deeds of Moreish Traders have been recorded for all time for truth seekers to witness. With written and signed treaties of business and friendship, George Washington (and those during, before, and after him), has bargained and gained support from Moroccan Royalty. Photographs have been recorded and posted within many historical books and tapestries of these men collaborating at meetings and war-time locations. Some of these gatherings have been conducted within the walls of royal palaces with the European leaders as guests. The Black Elite have also traded women in these fruitful bargains. This is one of the reasons for the lightened complexions of its descendants. Many white women were bought and sold to be servants, slaves, and concubines of the Black Moroccan Men. White men probably didn’t like it much but went along to get along. They needed these warlords and their resources.

 

Oh yes, they knew and have always known that we have a history. That is also why it was illegal to teach a Black Man, Woman, and Child – or any person of Colour, how to read and write. If you gained knowledge of who you are, you’re likely to cause a great deal of trouble by stirring up the other darkies with the truth of their origin. They would simply lose control over the Blacks and Slaves, Negro, Spanish, Asian, or Indian. That could not, would not be allowed under any circumstance.

 

Brother Langston Hughes was photographed in 1938 espousing his affinity for tracing his Native American and African ancestry.

 

Mr. Katz wrote in his book:

Today most Black Indians do not live in the forests or on the broad plains of the United States. Most do not inhabit government reservations set aside for Native Americans any more than most Indians do. To be sure they crowd, for example, the ‘Shinnecock’ reservation on New York’s Long Island. But many more walk the crowded streets of nearby New York City. They are found in abundance in the cement caverns of Boston, Chicago, Denver, Cleveland, and Detroit.

They have made a march from farms, woods, and ranches to skyscrapers, subways, and ghettoes. Most have arrived with only a faint recollection of their adventurous rural heritage and gallant ancestors. The people they meet in school, at work, or play cannot appreciate their background because they know nothing about it.

 

“If you know I have a history, you will respect me,” a Black Indian Student told a conference of New York teachers in 1968. Her words still ring true. Those who assume that a people have no history worth mentioning are likely to believe they have no humanity worth defending. An historical legacy strengthens a country and its people. Denying a people’s heritage questions their legitimacy.

 

tumblr_n64rcpSnl41tqu7vbo10_1280.Yaa_3.29.15

 

Citizens celebrate this country’s daring break from colonial rule, and rejoice in the plucky Minutemen who challenged the British at Lexington and Concord. But a month before those historic skirmishes on the path to freedom, other Americans were pursuing the same goal. Slaves in Ulster County, New York, planned a massive armed rising. Perhaps they had heard the exciting patriotic talk about liberty and independence. Their liberation plot involved slaves in Kingston, Hurley, Marbletown, and upwards or five hundred Native Americans. Unlike the Minutemen, their shot was not heard around the world, their bold conspiracy never found its way into our history books. These dark people in Ulster County, like thousands of others mentioned, have made their contribution to freedom and to their immediate relatives and friends. But other Black Indians made a contribution to the entire US society that deserves consideration.

 

On the snowy night of March 5, 1770, Crispus Attucks, a Black Natick Indian, stepped dramatically into US history in Boston. He was the first to fall in the Boston Massacre. Benson J. Lossing, a nineteenth-century historian, transformed Attucks into a Nantucket Indian. To Lossing it seemed wrong to place an African American with Native American blood at the daring first moment of American Independence.

 

Paul Cuffee, a Dartmouth Indian with African parentage, became a wealthy merchant and ship owner in early Massachusetts. He married Alice Pequit of his mother’s Wampanoag Nation. But his great interest was in protecting fellow African Americans from discrimination in the United States and he became the first Black Man to sponsor a migration of US Blacks to Africa. In 1815, he personally paid for and led thirty-eight settlers aboard his ship, Traveller, to Sierra Leone. Cuffee became the father of Black-Back-To-Africa movements in this country.

 

Frederick Douglas, a slave runaway, with mixed African Indian, and White ancestry, became the leading voice of Black America during the Civil War era and the decades that followed. His creed, “If there is no struggle, there is no progress,” has inspired reform and revolutionary movements ever since. Douglass’s name and accomplishments now adorn most history texts.

charles-l-tailfeaters-P_7.26.15

 

Langston Hughes, poet Laureate of African Americans, liked to trace his family tree back to ‘Pocahontas.’ In that tree also was a man who joined John Brown’s famous raid on Harper’s Ferry and another who became a Virginia congressman. Hughes, a prolific writer of poetry, plays, short stories, novels, autobiographies, and newspaper columns, became the proud voice of Harlem, New York’s Black Community.

 

In the early centuries of their life in the America’s, Black Indians often created a society that might have been a model for everyone. They demonstrated that there was another path through the wilderness that the one hacked out by a European lust for gold, land, and power. Their communities proved bigotry did not rise naturally from American soil, nor its plains and waters. Bigotry and the appetite for it was imported. They traveled the stormy Atlantic and were specifically and speedily transplanted and nourished by those who carried them over.

 

If they had been of a mind to, Europeans might have learned something from the dark people they selfishly used. Instead, they gathered these peoples’ precious gifts and offered promises in return. Africans and Indians followed a tradition that rarely wrote matters down, but held to verbal promises. Europeans wrote many, many things down but failed to keep to their promises of treaties.

What followed in the New World was a titanic European battle for the control of dark people and natural resources. Europe marched out its best soldiers to secure a continent and subdue its people. The result was unending conquest and agonizing slavery.

But beyond the pain were armed Black Indian Communities named “Hide Me” and “The Woods Lament For Me.” They were home for some of our earliest explorers and pioneers. Families brought up their young, constructed homes, planted and harvested crops, and took care of their elderly. They traded with neighbors, instituted religion, government, justice, and planned the common defense.

These settlements not only provided women with an equality and respect unheard of in European society, but elevated some to leadership. Two colonial Brazilian Black Indian communities were commanded by African women, and another African Maroon settlement in 1826 in Brazil was ruled by a Black Woman named Zeferina who successfully led her forces against towns and plantations in Bahia.

With few weapons these alliances in the woods challenged the footholds Europeans built in the Western Hemisphere. Using guerrilla tactics that would become famous in China and Viet Nam in our own century, Red and Black People defeated superior numbers and better equipped foreign armies. This they managed while moving their families out of harm’s way. These dark liberators often proved that European rule in the Americas amounted to a thin coat of white paint over a seething dark empire.

 

Before Patrick Henry shouted “Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death!” Black Indian Maroons acted on this notion. Before Thomas Jefferson wrote “all men are created equal,” Black Indians turned a stirring phrase into hard reality. Before the Declaration of Independence eloquently argued for a peoples’ revolution against unjust authority, thousands of Dark-Skinned Americans has been fighting tyrants and slave hunters on two continents.

 

For their audacity Black Indians faced a repression more ruthlessly cruel than any King George III imposed on the thirteen original colonies. They were forced to carry on the longest, bloodiest battle for freedom in the Western Hemisphere. Repeatedly they persuaded Europeans it was wiser to grant them independence, sovereignty, and liberty than to continue wars. European powers often learned this lesson too late, after they had wasted lives and fortunes on the idea that these free colonies could be easily destroyed.

 

Maroon wars outlasted the endless conflicts between rival European states. Neither side gave nor asked any quarter, and prisoners were few. For their part Maroons, even when captured and facing a terrible death, tried to protect their villagers. More than a century ago a British report from Belem, Brazil, described how a “captured Negro gave such an account of the difficulties and dangers of the journey to his settlement, that thirty-three out of the forty foreign soldiers refused to accompany their captain.”

 

To prevent Africans and Native Americans from uniting, Europeans played skillfully on racial differences and ethnic rivalries. They kept the pot of animosity boiling. Whites turned Indians in to slave hunters and slave owners, and Africans into “Indian Fighters.” Light-skinned Africans were pitted against Dark-skinned, Free against Enslaved, Black Indians against “Pure” Africans of “Pure” Indians.

 

Those who have put history into books have emphasized differences between Africans and Native Americans. For example, they have stressed that Europeans encountered Indians as distinct individuals and members of proud nations, and Africans as nameless slaves. Little mention is made of the enslavement of Native Americans and noting is said about the cultural similarities between the two dark peoples. In 1984, scholar Theda Perdue said: “By emphasizing the actual exaggerated and imagined differences between Africans and Indians, whites successfully masked the cultural similarities of the two races as well as their mutual exploitation by whites.”

 

In the United States, Africans became central in the exploration of the new nation, and the development of the crucial fur trade. Because they were more able to build trust among Native Americans, whites employed them as negotiators and they did not disappoint. Africans, like Native Americans cherished their own trustworthiness and saw  promises and treaties as bonds never to be broken.

 

In the nineteenth century a Black-Indian friendship limped on despite onslaught from white racial policies destructive to both peoples. It survives still in the legends of Native American Nations, and in the stories and faces of many people of Colour.

 

Generations of young minds have been trained to think of life on the American frontier as a saga of white gallantry. Daring pioneers probed the wilderness. John Wayne cowboys whipped Indians to give us the USA. Children of every race rejoiced in this version of the frontier served up each Saturday afternoon at the movies.

In real wilderness two dark people met and often united. They were not driven together by any special affinity based on a similar skin color. Their meetings were unwittingly arranged by their enemies, the Europeans, who exploited them both.

But in the retelling of our western history, no one learned that Africans and Native Americans, separately and together fought bravely for an America they knew was also theirs. Perhaps their story was trampled underfoot by their hard-riding European foes.

 

In 1774 patriot James Madison wrote about a slave revolt:

 

“It is prudent such attempts should be concealed as well as suppressed.”

 

The Black Indian story has been treated as though it were a massive slave rebellion. Its final burial came at the hands of a later white generation who shaped a heritage for books and movies that ended all claims but European ones.

 

These frontier omissions lie at the heart of our cherished national myth. The tale of the wilderness stands as the greatest American story ever told. It is the way we wish to see ourselves. “A frontier people,” said President Woodrow Wilson. “Is, so far, the central and determining fact of our national history…? The West is the great word of our history. The Westerner has been the type and master of our American life.” Creators of this west did not want it sullied by an African presence of subject to Indian claims.

 

“The Frontier” went from gritty reality to uplifting truth and finally to national legend. In the process entire races disappeared from view. Its cast of heroic characters included only whites. If Europeans bravely conquered continents, it was not necessary or desirable to show Black and Red People defying white authority to build their own communities in the wilderness. Racial stereotypes long pictured people of color as cowardly or childlike. How could Red and Black People be shown creating a culture in the wilderness, bravely rescuing their families, and riding off into the sunset?

 

There is another problem in introducing a set of dark frontier heroes. Their love of liberty thrust them against some sainted US figures. Thomas Jefferson speaking of Indians said “We would never stop pursuing them with war while one remained on the face of the Earth.” Andrew Jackson, the first great democrat to reach the White House, was first in a long line of candidates to win the presidency boasting of his ‘Indian-Fighting Skill.’ He waged a cruel war against Indian Men, Women, and Children. He staunchly defended slavery and, like Jefferson, owned slaves. To save their families, Black Indians had to fight off posies’ and armies launched by these national heroes.

 

Distorted racial history, as teachers know, injures dark children. They live with a muted heritage. Despite Black Indian contributions to this land, neither Black nor Indian Children nor their parents have an awareness of this legacy. Like whites, Native Americans learned in school that Africans were contented slaves and had no fighting traditions, certainly none that allied them with Indians. For their part, African Americans are aware of Indians in their family trees. But they probably assume that, like the whites lurking there, they are mere intruders. Such inaccurate beliefs hide a heritage worth exploring. Further, they divide people today who could benefit from the unity forged by the ancestors.

 

West African Americans have pursued their genealogy, they have focused on their African roots and sought a meaningful Black Heritage. Children of the Black awareness of the 1960’s have rarely cared to mention an ‘Indian Ancestry’ because this might be seen as a denial of their African Origins and the value of Blackness. All this is part of the racial nightmare we have inherited.

 

With her usual perception, precision, and pride, Rosa Fey, a Black Seminole living in ‘Brackettville, Texas,’ in 1943, clarified her peoples’ background for pioneer researcher Kenneth W. Porter:

 

“We’s culled people. I don’t say we don’t has no Injun Blood, ‘cause we has. But we ain’t no Injuns. We’s culled people.”

 

the-ten-commandments-arthello-beck-2.chosenbyGod.25thD_3.22.15

 

Other Americans would benefit from a reexamination of their family trees and a new look at their biological inheritance. The process may yield wonder and gratification where once grief of skepticism ruled.

The ancestors of Black Indians often created – or died in the attempt. An American Sisterhood and Brotherhood we have tried to attain. They did this under terrible circumstances and in the face of armed opposition.

 

Had we paid proper attention to their unique model of friendship and loyalty, our common American History, from Hudson Bay to Cape Horn, might have been different, more peaceful Our racial problems might have been more easily solved. Even at this late date we owe ourselves a rereading of this fascinating legacy.

 

Perhaps we can still learn from and act on its lessons.

 

Subversive oppression have always utilized in keeping Blacks and People of Colour in check. “The Willie Lynch Letter” is a living example of what white America has always wanted for its Black citizens. The bigots have always preached divisiveness and “foot-on-the-neck tactics” in implementing that practice. Wiping out our history didn’t work because it isn’t mandated by God! ‘The Most High’ is the only one entity that truly controls the life of people and the world. They have attempted to take that away by making man-made-laws to enslave the mindset of young people and the weak minded.

Books, articles, blogs, and other forms of mass media have been contaminated to support the wishes and whims of the so-called controlling forces – “The Powers That Be.” However, to the contrary, many of us who have utilized the Internet and continued canvassing the neighborhoods, airways, schools, community meetings, barber shops and beauty parlors, college campuses, newspapers, Laundromats, restaurants, the corner store, and magazines catering to and patronized by Blacks and People of Colour will be in an excellent position to “Fight The Powers That Be!”

 

Karales_Selma_to_Montgomery-crop-321x150

 

We will not return to the slavery or the slave mentality the oppressors have planned and wished for. We are awakened to the “Word of God, the Most High, Father of Us All.” It is ‘He’ and ‘He’ alone to whom we have to answer…

 

In the modest words of some of the mainstream entertainers who have brought to the table many of us who fight the good fight – “Fight The Power, Fight The Powers That Be!”

ot_judah.map.Judah_12.18.15

 

Til Next Time…

>

Also View:

Thousands of Freedmen are still fighting for basic citizenship—from the Cherokee nation

The Black and (so-called) Red Man were in fact, kinsmen! Did you ever wonder about your buddy who told you about his or her Indian relatives…their Grandparents…their Great-Grandparents? Many of us have passed it off as believing they wanted to be identified, as other than Black – they did not want to be Black. Folks would say things like – “they ain’t Indian, they just don’t wanna be Black Folks cause they head is nappy and they wants to be like the white folks.” We’ve heard many claims to be children of the Cherokee, Seminole, or Black Feet. Many of us didn’t believe it…guess what? I’ve got news for you…we were wrong – dead wrong!

http://blackhistory.com/content/285221/about-the-descendants-of-cherokee-s-black-slaves   

 

“Black Americans are not African Americans. Black Americans are a new breed or race of people that has emerged out of the ashes of slavery. Black Americans are the people that came from the breeding process between White men and the first wave of African slave women. This breeding process ended after the Civil War. By then Black Americans numbered well over 20 million people. We are neither African nor Caucasians since we numbered over 20 million by the end of the Civil War, which made us a new breed or race of people that emerged from the ashes of slavery.”

The wise men concurred, “We must face any challenges and overcome them that nature hurls at every sovereign people and country to be an independent people. Sovereignty is a tremendous responsibility but it also reaps tremendous rewards. Black Americans have never been a real people and we could never become a real people by staying invisible and behind White American people. God has begun almost 3 years ago the process of doing for us what was done for the children of Israel in Egypt that brought them out of bondage.”

http://blackhistory.com/content/167822/descendant

 

Concurring with Katz, I too believe in the real wilderness where two Dark Complected People met and often united. They were not driven together by any special affinity based on Skin Colour – European enemies unwittingly arranged the meetings…exploited both. Mr. Katz and I also agree that the retelling of our (American) Western History, Africans and Native Americans, separately and together, fought bravely for an America they knew was also theirs…ours. Perhaps the story of African Americans and Native Americans was trampled underfoot by their hard-riding European foes. Sidney Poitier, Mario Van Peebles, and other great Black and Native American Actors, Producers, TV and Movie people got it right – The American and European History Books can get it right too.

http://blackhistory.com/content/183980/the-colour-of-the-old-west

These medicine men or spiritual leaders were in a different class than the other men of their tribe. This special status was not dependent on their hunting and fishing. Contact with other tribes enabled thinkers to build and expand their belief frameworks, so medicine men or spiritual leaders were more prevalent in tribes that were accessible to outsiders.

https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2013/10/25/shaman/

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html

 

White folks in the Pocono area should be reveling in pride and joy of their diverse community and not the green of the dollar bill. All people should be reminded of who did what for the betterment of all – not the meager few who would promote superiority and separation. The forty-fourth president of these United States is, after all, the product of diversity or a racially blended culture. A golfing legend is another fine example of the common good – diversity. Barack Obama and Tiger Woods are simply two current bi-racial figures of US prominence. But, oh yes, they too face discrimination, separation, and hated by evil, envious, and villainous white folk. No one in these United States misunderstands the definition of the “One Drop Rule!”

http://blackhistory.com/content/250267/mountainfolk-hospitality-subtle-progression-1913-2013

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/mountainfolk-hospitality-subtle-progression-1913-2013

http://mountainfolkhospitality.blogspot.com/

Native Americans, New Agers, and charlatans alike have radically augmented and revised the tenets of traditional Native American religions. “Crystal skull caretakers” sit beside Native American medicine men and medicine women, shamans and priests, and “Star Beings,” rather than buffalo, are pondered. Outraged Native Americans have entered this fray, castigating those they see exploiting traditional Native American spirituality.

http://blackhistory.com/content/289263/i-caught-a-whiff-of-burning-meat

 

0edc51eb6350df2e7b9f9eb4000eb54d.Taharqa.25thD_3.22.15

 

>

 

Posting List Links and Locations to Articles by Boulware

~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~

http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-books-by-boulware 

/*

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583   

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware 

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608     

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

*/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“The Hard Way”

By

Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

“The human body is more than 60 percent water. Blood is 92 percent water, the brain and muscles are 75 percent water, and bones are about 22 percent water.”

“While most of us make frivolous decisions about the differences and benefits of whether to use ‘Hard-Water or Soft-Water’ to suit our accustomed needs and comforts, there exists a small American Town that has not those luxuries…”

 

President Barack Obama said of the crisis, “What is inexplicable and inexcusable is once people figured out that there was a problem there, and that there was lead in the water, the notion that immediately families weren’t notified; things weren’t shut down. That shouldn’t happen anywhere.”

 

/*

On many occasions, I have heard many people complain about the rain. They have referred to it as “Bad Weather,” “A Bleak and Dismal Day,” or “It’s Just Horrible Outside With All That Rain!”

My question to you is ‘How Many of You Know of Anyone Who Can Live Without Water?’

 

Can You?

 

Back in the day, there was a movie made about contaminating the drinking water of a selected group of people in order to cull the herd, if not completely eliminating them. How many of you remember the movie “Three The Hard Way?” The film starred ‘Fred Williamson,’ ‘Jim Brown,’ and Jim Kelly.’ I can also recall that I’ve mentioned this film in reference not long ago in another posting. The film suggested a method to a pro-white group and/or groups of how to disseminate the hated target group of people who happened to be of color.

 

The covert scientists who worked for the hate group(s) came up with a chemical that would eradicate only the people of color – particularly ‘Black People!’ All one had to do was add this chemical to the drinking water supply of the targeted group. The hate group who happened to emulate the ‘KKK’ with the arm bands and brown-shirted uniforms of Nazi origins and regimes were dispatched to all of the U.S. cities with large Black populations. They were directed to go out to all the water reservoirs and add the time released chemical into the water at the water treatment plants and facilities.

The heroic threesome, who happened to hear of the plot by an escaped run-away near-dead young Black testing prisoner; took it upon themselves to save the people due to lack of response by the governing officials across the land.

 

If you had no clean, clear, and safe water to consume, what would you do? How would you live? Who would you blame for the catastrophe? How would you right this wrong?

 

In a little town in Michigan, there is an existing water crisis… The majority of its people are Black, Poor-Whites, and many other People of Color. Brother Al Sharpton has mentioned bathing. “It’s not just about the drinking water and the cooking water – what about the bathing water?” Flint Michigan’s water troubles began several years back – 2013 was when this disaster came to light. The governor and his cabinet are said to be the responsible party. The governor has since apologized and taken responsibility. But is it too little too late? Was this horrific situation purely an accident or a sinister and insidious plot to eliminate the problematic people of Flint Michigan and possibly other American cities and towns?

 

How did this come to pass – What caused this situation is the first place?

 

Let us start at the beginning…

 

~ The Flint Water Crisis ~

 

“The Flint water crisis is a drinking water contamination crisis in Flint, Michigan (United States) that started in April 2014.

 

After the change in source from treated Lake Huron water (via Detroit) to the Flint River, the city’s drinking water had a series of problems that culminated with lead contamination, creating a serious public health danger. The corrosive Flint River water caused lead from aging pipes to leach into the water supply, causing extremely elevated levels of lead. As a result, between 6,000 and 12,000 residents had severely high levels of lead in the blood and experienced a range of serious health problems. The water change is also a possible cause of an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in the county that has killed 10 people and affected another 77.

 

On November 13, 2015, four families filed a federal class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit against Governor Rick Snyder and thirteen other city and state officials, and three separate people filed a similar suit in state court two months later, and four more lawsuits were filed after that. Separately, the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Michigan and the Michigan Attorney General’s office opened investigations. On January 5, 2016, the city was declared to be in a state of emergency by the Governor of Michigan, before President Obama declared the crisis as a federal state of emergency, authorizing additional help from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of Homeland Security less than two weeks later.

 

Four government officials—one from the City of Flint, two from the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and one from the Environmental Protection Agency—resigned over the mishandling of the crisis, and Snyder issued an apology to citizens, while promising money to Flint for medical care and infrastructure upgrades.”

 

History of Flint water supply:

Before 2014

Return to Detroit water

Lead exposure findings

Possible link to Legionnaires’ disease spike

Inquiries, investigations, resignations, and release of documents

State of emergency and emergency responses

Lawsuits

Political responses

Media and other responses

Celebrity and corporate donations

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flint_water_crisis

>

‘Water Crisis in Flint, Michigan, Draws Federal Investigation’

By

Greg Botelho, Sarah Jorgensen and Joseph Netto, CNN

 

“The health effects listed in the class-action suit include: skin lesions, hair loss, and high levels of lead in the blood, vision loss, memory loss, depression and anxiety.

 

Keith John Pemberton and his wife, Jacqueline, who are in their late 60s, allege in court documents that they suffered property damage because of the corrosive water, loss of value in their home, skin lesions and “psychological disorders such as depression, chronic anxiety and an inability to cope with normal stress.” These conditions, according to the suit, were the result of bathing, washing and normal household activities.”

http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/05/health/flint-michigan-water-investigation/

 

‘What Went Wrong In Flint’

By

Anna Maria Barry-Jester

 

“I drank the water for eight or nine months,” John said. “In the poor parts of town, those people drank it for one and a half years. Some still are.”

 

“Today, we know that those health concerns include poisoning from a well-understood neurotoxin: lead. That realization has led to international outrage, protests from Flint residents, and the resignation of several federal, state and local employees, though not as many as some Flint residents would like. More than a year after residents started sounding alarm bells, it’s now clear that employees at the state’s Department of Environmental Quality collected insufficient data and ignored the warning signs visible in what they did collect. In the process, they allowed the residents of Flint to be poisoned.

 

Dozens of Flint’s residents who had been gathering data and information for nearly a year knew something wasn’t right. While state and federal agencies almost obsessively focused on proving that they were meeting federal regulations, rather than taking a deeper look at whether Flint’s drinking water was safe, residents begged them to pay attention to the valuable data they’d collected through their bodies and research. There was power in finally having irrefutable proof, and finally having someone listen.”

http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-went-wrong-in-flint-water-crisis-michigan/

 

‘Water Bills in Poisoned Flint an ‘Outrage,’ Attorney General Says’

by

Tracy Connor and Lisa Riordan Seville

 

Michigan’s top prosecutor said Monday that it’s an “outrage” that residents of Flint are being forced to pay for water that’s unsafe to drink — and his office may take action to stop the billing.

 

“Words can barely describe this tragedy. Things went terribly wrong,” AG Bill Schuette said. “I would certainly not bathe a newborn child or a young infant in this bad water and if you can’t drink the bad water you shouldn’t pay for it.”

 

Although the city has now switched back to Detroit’s water supply, health officials say so much damage was done that the water coming out of the taps is still not safe for children in the economically depressed city, where water bills average $140 a month, according to the Flint Journal.

 

Many residents of Flint — where 40 percent of the residents live in poverty and the average household income is just $25,000 — are relying on donated bottled water.

http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/flint-water-crisis/water-bills-poisoned-flint-outrage-attorney-general-says-n503851

 

“The Heroic Professor Who Helped Uncover The Flint Lead Water Crisis​ Has Been Asked To Fix It!”

 

It was Prof. Marc Edwards, 51, who more than a decade earlier proved, along with an investigation by The Washington Post, that corrosion in the nation’s capital’s pipes had caused lead to seep into the water supply and pass through kitchen faucets and shower heads. After helping to expose that water crisis in 2004, he spent six years challenging the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to admit they weren’t being honest about the extent of the damage the lead had on children.

 

In 2010 it was proven that the CDC had lied to the public in a misleading report, which falsely claimed lead levels in the water had not posed a health risk to D.C. residents.

 

In April, 2015 a woman named Leeanne Walters, a Flint, Mich., stay-at-home mother who was getting nowhere convincing state and local officials that there was something seriously wrong with the orange-tinted water coming out of her tap. Her family’s hair was thinning. Her son’s skin was red and irritated. They told her the water was perfectly safe. And even months later, when it had been determined there were high traces of lead in her water; the officials shrugged it off as an isolated problem.

 

Desperately, she called Edwards, whom she had read about online. Over the phone, he walked her through how to take her own water samples. The next day she sent them FedEx to Edwards to test. It was the worst lead levels he had ever seen.

 

Bruce Lanphear, a professor at Simon Fraser University and also an expert in lead toxicity, said Edwards not only studies the impact of lead in water, but he makes his testing available to communities in need, like he did in Flint.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/inspired-life/wp/2016/01/26/meet-the-heroic-professor-who-helped-uncover-the-flint-lead-water-crisis/

 

 

“Flint Water Almost Like ‘Gas Chambers for Jews!”

says ‘Al Sharpton!’

http://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2015/03/al_sharptons_national_action_n_2.html

 

“While an investigation is obviously needed, it remains to be seen just how thorough this will be and whether or not there are any conflicts of interest involved. In the meantime, the residents of Flint — majority African-American and 40 percent who are below the poverty line — continue to suffer. Last week, Gov. Rick Snyder stated in an interview that the water crisis was his “Katrina.”

 

“Democratically elected officials were displaced and replaced with emergency management people who cut a deal and sent contaminated river water that corroded pipelines and exposed residents to toxic levels of lead. Gov. Snyder’s administration ignored this problem since 2014, and in terms of direct action, politics and policies, the Flint crisis might just be even worse than Katrina.

In areas like Flint and Detroit, there is a history of emergency managers taking control of Black cities from local authorities. When that local power is taken away from city councils, mayors, etc., the residents have less input over decisions that directly impact them and their neighborhoods. As the citizens of both Flint and Detroit will often say, the emergency managers are more concerned with cutting costs than with the actual welfare of the community. In Detroit, some schools are still suffering both academically and financially after emergency management failed to resolve issues and failed students and their families. In Flint, drinking water became contaminated with lead in April of 2014 and Gov. Snyder did not declare a state of emergency until Jan. 5 of this year. That is simply outrageous and a grave miscarriage of justice.”

 

“If they cannot drink it, cook with it and more, why should they have to pay for it? And who is going to pay for the health costs of all of those impacted by this tragedy? These are long-term issues that must be dealt with, but before we even get to that, the crisis itself must be resolved. The people of Flint are still suffering with no clear answer as to when their water will be safe again. And while we welcome an independent investigation, there must be accountability, period.

 

On February 3, Gov. Snyder will appear before Congress, and many of us will be outside and visible, because the citizens of Flint are not invisible and they deserve justice.”

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rev-al-sharpton/flint-response—worse-th_b_9070974.html

 

…Meanwhile, here in ‘Philly’:

 

“WEST PHILADELPHIA MAN & FRIENDS TAKE 50K BOTTLES OF WATER TO FLINT!”

By

Chad Pradelli

 

A West Philadelphia man and his friends have taken their own action to make an impact on the Flint water crisis.

 

It started with a phone call.

 

“They said, ‘Hey Neo, we got to do something for Flint, Michigan.’ I said, ‘What do you want to do?'” Nehemiah Davis said.

 

What they’d do – despite a blizzard, despite 600 miles of roadway, and despite little money – is pack two huge trucks with bottled water and deliver it to the people of Flint, who’ve been poisoned by lead tainted water.

 

They made it happen in just a couple of days.

 

“People came up and, literally, we had 500 to 600 cases on the ground. We wound up renting another U-Haul,” Davis said.

 

Nehemia and his partners had an initial goal of delivering 10,000 bottles of water to the needy people of Flint, but instead he delivered 50,000 bottles.

 

“For us to be able to provide them water so their kids could bathe, so their kids could drink, so their kids could brush their teeth with good water, it was just awesome,” Davis said.

 

http://6abc.com/news/west-philly-man-takes-50k-bottles-of-water-to-flint/1176784/

WPVITV Action News

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/BoulwareEnterprises.html

 

 

WATER

 

The transparent colorless liquid, H2O, which falls from the sky as rain, issues from the ground in springs, and composes three-quarters of the Earth’s surface in the form of seas, rivers, and lakes, etc. – Pure water is odorless, tasteless, transparent (although bluish in bulk) and relatively incompressible. It has a high specific heat and poor electrical conductivity. Under standard pressure it freezes (with slight expansion) to ice at 0oC and boils at 100oC giving steam. The density is a maximum at 4oC, where it is taken as exactly 1gm/cm3. Water has the chemical composition H2O, ionizing as H2O=H+OH.

 

WATER AND EARTH

 

Three-quarters of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, yet 98 percent is salt water and not fit for consumption.

Less than one percent of all the water on Earth is freshwater available for human consumption.

 

WATER AND HUMANS

 

*  The human body is more than 60 percent water. Blood is 92 percent water, the brain and muscles are 75 percent water, and bones are about 22 percent water.

 

*  A human can survive for a month or more without eating food, but only a week or so without drinking water.

 

WATER CONSUMPTION

 

*  3.9 trillion gallons of water are consumed in the United States per month. (AWWA Journal, June 2006)

 

*  The average American uses 176 gallons of water per day compared to 5 gallons of water the average African family uses each day. (www.water.org)

 

WATER PRICES

 

“The price of water is increasing–sometimes dramatically–throughout the world,” writes Edwin Clark, II in Earth Policy Institute’s latest report. Over the past five years, municipal water rates have increased by an average of 27 percent in the United States, 45 percent in Australia, 50 percent in South Africa, and 58 percent in Canada. In Tunisia, the price of irrigation water increased fourfold over a decade. Yet consumers rarely pay the actual cost of water. In fact, many governments practically (and sometimes literally) give water away.

 

The average American household consumes about 127,400 gallons of water during a year. Homeowners in Washington, DC, pay about $350 for that amount of water. Buying that same amount of water from a vendor in Guatemala City would cost more than $1,700.

 

The price people pay for water is largely determined by three factors: the cost of transportation from source to user, total demand, and price subsidies. Treatment to remove contaminants also can add to the cost.

 

A key step in moving toward more rational water management is to place a price on water that reflects its value and scarcity. Although pricing water at a reasonable cost can generate political problems in the short run, it can lead to substantial efficiencies in the longer run and eliminate drainage on government budgets. Higher prices will lead households, farmers and industries to use water more efficiently. Just as the oil price shocks of the 1970’s stimulated energy conservation, so too could pricing water to better reflect its real cost stimulate similar conservation efforts.

 

Source: Water prices rising worldwide. (2007, Spring). Resource Action Program.

http://www.waterinfo.org/resources/water-facts

 

 

What if it is true that some para-military-militia group has decided to take matters into their own hands by addressing the “Problem People?” What if the said group(s) has decided that a plan of action…a plan of such magnitude is feasible? Would you believe it? Would Law Enforcement Officials believe it if you went to them with a story such as described in the movie, “Three The Hard Way” or of a similar pre-conceived nature?  

 

~ Do You Believe in the possibility of such a ‘Terroristic Threat?’ ~

 

Water…the liquid gold of life. How we have taken it for granted… What would you do if you were the victim of ‘Flint Michigan’s’ crisis? Would you sue the government, the city, the world? How about the president? …Or would you invest every resource at your command to conserve and find more of the precious life giving fluid?

 

Maybe the next time it rains, snows, hails, or sleets, you will not be so eager to call it bad or foul weather.

 

When was the last time you drank water from the tap? Was it good-tasting? Did it make you sick? What was the color of your tap water if you live in the city? What is its’ color if you live in a rural area of the country? Is the advent of bottled water a pre-conceived plan of some sinister plot or government entity?

 

All of the citizen groups who have banded together and pooled their efforts to help the residents of Flint Michigan and those who suffer a similar circumstance are too be commended for their humanity.

 

The next time you step into the shower and take a drink of nice clean and clear water, think of the folk in Flint Michigan and those around the world who cannot partake the pleasure of plain simple water.

 

 

 

Til Next Time….

 

 

Posting List Links and Locations to Articles by Boulware

~ ‘The E-Store for Books by Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.’ ~

http://boulwareenterprises.com/-_A_Portentous_Epoch_~.html

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profiles/blogs/the-e-store-for-books-by-boulware 

/*

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583   

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware 

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://hbcuconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608     

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/#!/AuthorBoulwareG

 

“The Conch Shell”

Anthololgy.2_2.22.12

By

Gregory V. Boulware

‘Anthology of An Essayist II: Total Comprehensive Compositions‘

http://www.amazon.com/Anthology-Essayist-Total-Comprehensive-Compositions/dp/1470114399/ref=la_B00OI16PDI_1_1/183-1931151-3389044?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1441162433&sr=1-1

 

The Conch Shell:

An emblem of power, authority, and sovereignty, whose blast banishes evil spirits, avert natural disasters, and scare away poisonous creatures.

“A Legacy of Money Cannot Replace A Heritage of Dignity!”

If there were advanced races in the galaxy…even by the standards of western writers, they would, at some point…destroy themselves – if the technological advancement far outweighed their own spiritual development and cultivation.

The primary of spirituality over technology is the key to comprehending how Africa accomplished what it did.

The knowledge resides in the womb of a rejected people and a (their) way of life. Thus, Africa reminds ‘US’“Man (Woman) Know Thyself!”

Planning – Organizing – Staffing – Directing – Controlling

Human Skills – Technical Skills – Conceptual Skills

IT/BI

History continues to show America and the World has always been rescued, salvaged, and resuscitated by people of color. One of the many world wars was rescued by African Americans with the knowledge and ability to step up to the plate – Lead, Direct, Teach, and Set Examples for ALL.

Albeit, the prediction, the prophesized, the anticipated time has come to pass, I wonder how many will now clutch their handbags when I walk into an elevator; when I stand or sit beside them?

“Yes We Can” has changed to “Yes We Did” which has morphed into “Our Time Has Come!” “The Time Is Now!” Many Black (Persons of Color) personalities and leaders who were labeled as such, have said it in the past, “We Can’t Wait” have found the wait to be well worth it.

“THE TIME HAS COME!”

Less we forget, one must take pride in ones-self in order to gain the respect of others.

In light of the events that have, I think, brought pride, belief, and hope back into the life-line of the American Populace; I was reminded of some text that was shared among a few of my colleagues while studying at the Berean Institute. The author was unknown. I have attempted to locate this person who wrote a profound passage that has and shall remain engrained in my mind and I think in the minds of a few others as well. The following passage resonates with many men (and women) of color as well as the identification of the text therein:

“The Un-Obscure”

http://blackinamerica.com/content/114073/the-un-obscure

Will our profound and promising direction make a change as well as an impression; an example for the entire world to see the truth of it? Will the overcoming of inhibition make a difference… a correction in the lives…in the minds of people? We shall see!

Til Next Time…

Current.Bus.crd.1_8.17.15

https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2013/04/08/the-ghost-writer-interviews/

/*

~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware  

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware  

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608   

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=sr_gnr_fkmr0?rh=i%3Astripbooks%2Cn%3A283155%2Ck3AGregory+V.+Boulware&keywords=Gregory+V.+Boulware&ie=UTF8&qid=1324957155 

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG/status/541394366842281984

 

“FAIRMOUNT”

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html

http://aneastfallssonontheschuylkill.blogspot.com/2014/07/on-schuylkill-eastfalls-son-twitter.html

The Books of Boulware

/*

 

“My Name Is Legion: For We Are Many – A Judgment Is Coming!”

Black_Angel_by_Carnivora88_3.1.15

By

Gregory V. Boulware

 

“Will You Be My Angel?”

~ “The Origin of Evil and The Agency of Evil Spirits” ~

‘The fact that men have possessed with demons, is clearly stated in the New Testament. The persons thus afflicted were not merely suffering with disease from natural causes. The “Son of Man, Yahushawah/Christ/The Prophet had understanding of that with which he was dealing, and He recognized the direct presence and agency of evil spirits.”

Thus God’s people, exposed to the deceptive power and unsleeping malice of the prince of darkness, and in conflict with all the forces of evil, are assured of the unceasing guardianship of heavenly angels; nor is such assurance given without need. If God has granted to His children promise of grace and protection, it is because there are mighty agencies of evil to be met – agencies numerous, determined, and untiring, of whose malignity and power none can safely be ignorant of unheeding.

Evil spirits, in the beginning created sinless, were equal in nature, power, and glory with the Holy beings that are now God’s messengers. But fallen through sin, they are leagued together for the dishonor of Yahuwah/E-Lo-Heem/God/Allah/Jehovah (and whatever name you use to describe God) and the destruction of men. United with Satan in his rebellion, and with him cast out from ‘Heaven,’ they have, through all succeeding ages, co-operated with him in his warfare against the divine authority. We are told in Scripture of their confederacy and government, of their various orders, of their intelligence and subtlety, and of their malicious designs against the peace and happiness of men.

The hosts of darkness saw that they did not possess unlimited control, and they understood that if The “Son of Man, Yahushawah/Christ/The Prophet mission was successful; their rule was soon to end.

“The fact that men have been possessed with demons is clearly stated in the New Testament”

 None are in greater danger from the influence of evil spirits than those who, notwithstanding the direct and ample testimony of the Scriptures, deny the existence and agency of the devil and his angels. So long as we are ignorant of their wiles, they have almost inconceivable advantage; many give heed to their own wisdom. Satan is working his greatest power to deceive and destroy, he spreads everywhere the belief that he does not exist. It is his policy to conceal himself and his manner of working.

We carefully secure our houses with bolts and locks to protect our property and our lives from evil me; but we seldom think of the evil angel who are constantly seeking access to us, and against whose attacks we have, in our own strength, no method of defense. If permitted, they can distract our minds, disorder and torment our bodies, destroy our possessions and our lives. Their only delight is in misery and destruction.

Satan can most readily control the minds of those who are unconscious of his influence, that the word of Yahuwah/E-Lo-Heem/God/Allah/Jehovah (and whatever name you use to describe God) gives us so many examples of his malignant work, unveiling before us his secret forces, and thus placing us on guard against his assaults.

“The Wicked One Cannot Break Through The Guard Which God Has Stationed About His People!”

Pride in his own glory nourished the desire for supremacy. The high honors conferred upon Lucifer/Baal were not appreciated as the gift of God and called forth no gratitude to ‘The Creator.’ He gloried in his brightness and exaltation, and aspired to be equal with God. He was beloved and reverenced by the ‘Heavenly Host.’ Angels delighted to execute his commands, and he was clothed with wisdom and glory above them all. Yet ‘The Son of God’ was the acknowledged ‘Sovereign of Heaven,’ one in power and authority with ‘The Father.’ In all the councils of God, Christ was a participant, while Lucifer/Baal was not permitted thus to enter in to the divine purposes.

“With our world in such disarray, with so little time left (disregard for Human Life and the World Life around us), we don’t have time to bash religions or people of ideas – WE ONLY HAVE TIME TO DISCOVER THE TRUTH BEFORE IT’S TOO LATE!

By now, many of you have already received this message within the pages of ‘The Wordly Gift From Remnant Publications – “The Great Controversy – Past, Present, Future!”

Angel sightings have been reputed to come or appear in and around many world locations. In all shapes and sizes, an avalanche of sightings has been reported as “Spirits of Light, Fleet and Airy, or as Spirit Helpers in Flesh – Mysterious Strangers,” writes Michael H. Brown, in his book “The Trumpet of Gabriel.”

History has recorded visions, prophecies, predictions, and chastisements – received by men, women, and children. They have appeared with messages while arriving with swords, wings, and other weaponry. Many of them came as the early churches began to take form. The came when Rome was under siege. It’s been said Angel’s accompanied the “Black Death” in the social uprisings of Europe as well. Whether or not – if we do or do not heed their warnings or messages; major intervention and supernatural events have been recorded and witnessed while spiritual agitation and coming change is inevitable. Food for thought is the simple practice of spirituality in everyday life by everyday human beings. A tradeoff has occurred where spiritualistic disconcertion has swapped health and “Holy Spirituality” for materialism. Idolatry of money and selfishness come with a price.

The Great Controversy_8.29.15 TheSpiritoftheSoul_1.11.12

 

 

 

Tags:

Angels, Archangel, Bible, Cherubs, Church, Faith, Gabriel, GOD, Hebrew, Holy, Jesus, Mary, Matthew, Raphael, Religion, Satan, Spirit, Spiritualistic, Testament, Uriel, Baal, Jehovah, Lucifer, Yahuwah, E-Lo-Heem, Allah, Evil, Justice, Truth, Deliverance, Holiness, Pope, Vatican, Papal, His-Holiness, Dedication, Religion, Omnipotent, Hebrew, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Adam, Noah, Judah, Shem, Ham, Seth, Canaan, Israel, Jerusalem, INRI, WellRead, Books, Articles, Boulware, B.C.E., B.C., A.D., Edom, Ethiopia, Africa, Blackness, Black-People, Qur’an, Torah, Holy-Bible, Hinduism, Falasha, Jesus, Revelations, John, Kings, Enlightenment, Knowledge, Heaven, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn, Saladin, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Eden, America, Russia, Egypt, Turkey, Mesopotamia, Rio-De-Janiero, Brazil, Japan, China, Viet-Nam, Korea, World

 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

“A Portentous Epoch of Sagacious Redolence and Epiphany”

By

Gregory V. Boulware

 

/*

“They say there is no sin in killing a beast, only in killing a man…but where does one begin and the other end – Why is it the so-called educated do not acquire the good sense of knowing better?”

 

“HALLOW II”: A Portentous Epoch of Sagacious Redolence and Epiphany

Or

(A Significant Era of Perceptive Aroma and Vision)

Bowery of the Crimson Frock and Flesh

“Even a man, who is pure of heart and says his prayers by night, may become a wolf when the ‘Wolfsbane’ blooms and the Autumn Moon is bright.”

“One day men will look back and say, I gave birth to the twentieth century”

~Jack The Ripper~

http://boweryofthecrimsonfrockandflesh.blogspot.com/

Coincidences, seemingly of a marvelous character, there are few persons who have not, on occasion, been startled. It also goes without saying; even the calmest of thinkers have experienced a vague thrilling half-credence in the supernatural genre.

Adopted in Paris, the suggestion of the discovery of an assassin are founded in any similarity could quite possibly, produce a very similar result.

Consider the most trifling variation of facts in this supposition. With respect to the latter branch, the two cases might give rise to the most important miscalculations. Thoroughly diverting the eventful courses, a mathematical error in which its own individuality may be inappreciated by a process resulting enormously at variance with the truth. We must not fail in our understanding the calculus of probability, which forbids any ideas of an extension of the parallel effect. In proportion, this parallel has already been long-drawn and exactly on point.

Part Two: “The Wedding Party”

http://parttwotheweddingparty.blogspot.com/

“We knew we were all doomed…all of us who knew.”

Abberline recalled the statement from one of several interviews with the six whores of ‘Cleveland Street’ in the ‘White Chapel District.’ The funeral of Martha Taibron brought them all to collusion. They needed to join forces for their very survival. They were constantly pursued by McQueen, the pimp of Nickel Street. He extorted money and sexual favors from the street walkers – ladies of the night.

“They were lured with grapes, champagne, and laudanum. And then they were all euthanized.” The inspector spoke in trance-like sentences. “They were transported and dumped.”

The inspector began interviewing professional men. He spoke with doctors, dentists, taxidermists, veterinarians, surgeons, barbers, and butchers to the disapproval, chagrin, and dismay of Scotland Yard High Officials.

 Part Three:

‘Isle Manhattan’ – “The Changeling, Loup Garou”

https://boulwareenterprises.wordpress.com/2014/01/17/hallow-ii-howl-of-an-angel/

 Emissaries brought the names of ‘Duprae’ and ‘Abberline’ to the America’s. Not unlike ‘Sherlock Holmes,’ they had become household names within the law enforcement community. Duprae’s mantra preceded that of his famous colleague. The family crest of Lord Talbot arrived years before them.

The simple process to which he incorporated in solving cases had never before been disclosed to anyone… Not even the Prefect. The sole entity of that demesne is gifted to only me.

Of course, it’s not so surprising that the closed and solvent affairs were regarded as just short of miracles or that Chaunea’s analytical abilities gained his the notoriety and awarded credit on intuition and sagacious insight.

Being frank would have created an atmosphere of prejudice and abuse to every individual who would inquire into his practicum of procedure; his indolent humor forbade any such agitation of a topic whose interest has long ago dissipated. This position in many past times, have found him the attraction of cynical political eyes. The insolvable cases of which he was engaged were requested services at a level above Prefect.

Marie was the only daughter of the widow ‘Estelle Roget (Rogers)’ In France, they were named ‘Roget’ while the American adoption changed it and pronounced it as ‘Rogers.’ Marie’s (she is sometimes called Mary) father died when she was a baby. He was assassinated when she was approximately eighteen months of age. The couple, along with their daughter, resided in a close-nit cul-de-sac community, in Queens. The father kept a flat in Manhattan for business ventures. His death provided the aggrieved ladies a comfortable living.

~Hallow II~

Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.

~Robert Frost 1923~

  …Now, Go and Get Yourself Ready For The Big Read!

~Release Date: October 2015~

The Books of Boulware

 ~BoulwareEnterprises~

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.com

 

“Article Posting Sites”

http://www.blogger.com/profile/10910946197037982583

http://www.BoulwareEnterprises.wordpress.com  

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/gregory-boulware/10/435/44b

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/7237172.Gregory_V_Boulware

http://thebookmarketingnetwork.com/profile/GregoryVBoulware 

http://www.wattpad.com/user/GregLitideas

http://literarygreg10xsmenow.tumblr.com/

http://koobug.com/GregoryVB_Author?p1498

http://about.me/gregory_boulware

http://www.pinterest.com/writerauthor6bk/pins/

https://plus.google.com/111976345290342184104/posts

http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GVBoulware/all

https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009002895659

http://ezinearticles.com/?expert_bio=Gregory_V._Boulware

 

~The Connect Platform~

http://blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608 

http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackwomenconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackinamerica.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

http://blackauthorsconnect.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608   

http://chocolatepagesnetwork.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608

 

“Amazon”

http://www.amazon.com/Gregory-V.-Boulware/e/B00OI16PDI/ref=ntt_dp_epwbk_0

http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=sr_gnr_fkmr0?rh=i%3Astripbooks%2Cn%3A283155%2Ck3AGregory+V.+Boulware&keywords=Gregory+V.+Boulware&ie=UTF8&qid=1324957155 

 

And

 

“Twitter”

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG

https://twitter.com/AuthorBoulwareG/status/541394366842281984

 

“FAIRMOUNT”

http://www.boulwareenterprises.com/FAIRMOUNT.html

http://aneastfallssonontheschuylkill.blogspot.com/2014/07/on-schuylkill-eastfalls-son-twitter.html

/*

 

 

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,281 other followers